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From the Magic Mountain to a Dying Homeless Man and His Dog:: Imposing Isolation And Treatment In Tuberculosis Care

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter uses the example of a homeless man with multiple drug-resistant tuberculosis to explore ethical conflicts that arise between the public health officers' emphasis on “control-the-vector” ... More


Parallel Scientific Computation: A Structured Approach using BSP and MPI

Rob H. Bisseling

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529392
eISBN:
9780191712869
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529392.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book explains the use of the bulk synchronous parallel (BSP) model and the BSPlib communication library in parallel algorithm design and parallel programming. The main topics treated in the book ... More


Likelihood-Based Inference in Cointegrated Vector Autoregressive Models

Søren Johansen

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198774501
eISBN:
9780191596476
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198774508.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This monograph is concerned with the statistical analysis of multivariate systems of non‐stationary time series of type I(1). It applies the concepts of cointegration and common trends in the ... More


Reforming the German Civil Servant Pension Plan

Raimond Maurer, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Ralph Rogalla

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter analyzes the risks and rewards of moving from an unfunded defined benefit pension system to a funded plan for civil servants in Germany, allowing for alternative portfolio mixes using a ... More


Introduction

Patrick Rebuschat, Martin Rohrmeier, John A. Hawkins, and Ian Cross

in Language and Music as Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199553426
eISBN:
9780191731020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553426.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is an introduction to Section 3 (Learning of processing), covering Chapters 16–20. In the next chapter, the target article, the argument frames musical communication as an alignment of ... More


Classification

Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapter 6 described techniques for estimating joint probability distributions from multivariate data sets and for identifying the inherent clustering within the properties of sources. This approach ... More


Vector analysis and complex algebra

Dennis Sherwood and Jon Cooper

in Crystals, X-rays and Proteins: Comprehensive Protein Crystallography

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199559046
eISBN:
9780191595028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559046.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter introduces the essential mathematics of diffraction. Initially the concept of a vector is presented along with the mathematical operations which we can perform on vector quantities ... More


Patterns of dispersal from entire plants

Roger Cousens, Calvin Dytham, and Richard Law

in Dispersal in Plants: A Population Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199299126
eISBN:
9780191715006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299126.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses approaches that have been used to understand how particular shapes and scales of propagule distributions arise around a parent plant. It begins by contrasting two different ... More


Liquid Crystals and Harmonic Maps in Polyhedral Domains

Apala Majumdar, Jonathan Robbins, and Maxim Zyskin

in Analysis and Stochastics of Growth Processes and Interface Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239252
eISBN:
9780191716911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239252.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Analysis

This chapter is concerned with harmonic maps from a polyhedron to the unit two-sphere, which provide a model of nematic liquid crystals in bistable displays. This chapter looks at the Dirichlet ... More


Applications of the Frobenius number

J. L. Ramírez Alfonsín

in The Diophantine Frobenius Problem

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568209
eISBN:
9780191718229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568209.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Algebra, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter presents a number of applications of FP to a variety of problems. The complexity analysis of the Shellsort method was not well understood until J. Incerpi and R. Sedgewick nicely ... More


DEPTH-BOUNDED SEARCH TREES

Rolf Niedermeier

in Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566076
eISBN:
9780191713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter presents the second very basic design technique for fixed-parameter algorithms: depth-bounded search trees. It starts with simple observations and some basic definitions and facts, ... More


Honey Bees, Bumble Bees, and Biocontrol: New Alliances Between Old Friends

Peter G. Kevan, Jean-Pierre Kapongo, Mohammad Al-mazra'awi, and Les Shipp

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Pollinator Biocontrol Vector Technology is a novel application strategy using bees for the delivery of microbial control agents. This technology has been demonstrated for the control of seed set in ... More


The Fundamental Theorem of Linear Algebra

Gidon Eshel

in Spatiotemporal Data Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128917
eISBN:
9781400840632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128917.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter summarizes pictorially some of the linear algebraic foundations discussed thus far by revisiting the fundamental theorem of linear algebra, the unifying view of matrices, vectors, and ... More


VECTOR FIELDS AND FLOW EQUATIONS

Terry Lyons and Zhongmin Qian

in System Control and Rough Paths

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506485
eISBN:
9780191709395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506485.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter studies spaces of paths as geometric objects in their own right, and particularly looks at the possibility of constructing interesting and mathematically meaningful vector fields on ... More


MODIFYING THE RANK 2 AMALGAM

A. A. Ivanov

in The Fourth Janko Group

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527596
eISBN:
9780191713163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527596.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Pure Mathematics

This section modifies the classical amalgam H to obtain the amalgam G which eventually leads to J4. The core of the modification is a triple isomorphism which explains the non-vanishing cohomology of ... More


SPARSE MATRIX–VECTOR MULTIPLICATION

Rob H. Bisseling

in Parallel Scientific Computation: A Structured Approach using BSP and MPI

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529392
eISBN:
9780191712869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529392.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter introduces irregular algorithms and presents the example of multiplying a sparse matrix with a vector, which is the central operation in iterative solvers for linear systems and ... More


MATHEMATICAL PRELIMINARIES

Eduard Feireisl

in Dynamics of Viscous Compressible Fluids

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528388
eISBN:
9780191713590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528388.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

The basic mathematical concepts used in the book are presumed in this chapter. The necessary function spaces framework — Lebesgue spaces, Sobolev spaces, and spaces of continuous functions — are ... More


Artificial likelihoods and estimating functions

Christopher G. Small and Jinfang Wang

in Numerical Methods for Nonlinear Estimating Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506881
eISBN:
9780191709258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506881.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter discusses the problem of root selection using artificial objective functions associated with an estimating function; the artificial likelihoods discussed in this chapter share many ... More


The Biology of Temporary Waters

D. Dudley Williams

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528128
eISBN:
9780191713538
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528128.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Temporary waters are found throughout the world, including intermittent streams and ponds, episodic rain puddles, seasonal limestone lakes, and the water-retaining structures of plants, such as ... More


Classical Scattering Theory

Peter Monk

in Finite Element Methods for Maxwell's Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508885
eISBN:
9780191708633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508885.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter presents basic tools for studying the scattering problem. The Stratton-Chu integral representation of the electromagnetic field is derived as well as the far field pattern of the ... More


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