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Vascular cognitive impairment

John Bowler

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) is a relatively new term intended to encompass and replace the older concept of vascular dementia (VaD). Put simply, VCI refers to cognitive impairment of any ... More


MRI and the Differential Diagnosis of Dementia

António J. Bastos-Leite and Philip Scheltens

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has opened up the way to diagnose dementia in vivo. It provides clear evidence for hippocampal atrophy in Alzheimer's disease (AD), lobar atrophy in frontotemporal ... More


Alzheimer’s Disease and Vascular Dementia

Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, and Valerie M. McGuire

in Neuroepidemiology: From principles to practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133790
eISBN:
9780199863730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.003.05
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores the frequency with which dementing illnesses occur in populations, their distributions by personal characteristics, and what is known about their causes and potential protective ... More


The neuropsychology of vascular disorders

Clive Skilbeck

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.26
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

The term ‘vascular disorders’ covers a range of conditions, including cerebrovascular disease (e.g., stroke, vascular dementia) and specific blood vessel problems, such as aneurysm with associated ... More


Neuropathology of Alzheimer’s Disease and Vascular Dementia

Alifiya Kapasi and Julia A. Schneider

in Vascular Disease, Alzheimer's Disease, and Mild Cognitive Impairment: Advancing an Integrated Approach

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190634230
eISBN:
9780190634254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190634230.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

There are numerous distinct brain pathologies that underlie a clinical diagnosis of dementia. This chapter focuses on the two most common and well-recognized brain pathologies associated with ... More


An introduction to the dementias: a clinical view

David Jolley

in Supportive care for the person with dementia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199554133
eISBN:
9780191730269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554133.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter begins with a brief description of the clinical concept of dementia. It then outlines the common dementia illnesses: Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies, ... More


Heterogeneity in Alzheimer’s/Vascular Spectrum Dementia

Sheina Emrani, Melissa Lamar, Catherine C. Price, Victor Wasserman, Emily Matusz, Rodney A. Swenson, Kenneth M. Heilman, and David J. Libon

in Vascular Disease, Alzheimer's Disease, and Mild Cognitive Impairment: Advancing an Integrated Approach

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190634230
eISBN:
9780190634254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190634230.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD) are considered to be the two most common types of dementia with each of these dementia syndromes believed to represent more or less independent ... More


Vascular Cognitive Impairment

Victor Wasserman, Sheina Emrani, Emily Matusz, Catherine C. Price, Melissa Lamar, Rodney A. Swenson, Kenneth M. Heilman, and David J. Libon

in Vascular Disease, Alzheimer's Disease, and Mild Cognitive Impairment: Advancing an Integrated Approach

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190634230
eISBN:
9780190634254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190634230.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

The term vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) was introduced and designed to encompass the broad spectrum of neurocognitive deficits attributable to cerebrovascular disease, including cerebral ... More


Disturbance of the 5-hydroxytryptamine metabolism in ageing and in Alzheimer's and vascular dementias

C. G. Gottfries

in 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Psychiatry: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192620118
eISBN:
9780191724725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192620118.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Syndromes of cognitive, emotional, and psychomotor disturbance in the elderly that are of disabling severity are called dementias and are classified as idiopathic, vascular (VD), and secondary ... More


Understanding Dementia

Jan Dewing

in Adult Nursing Practice: Using evidence in care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199697410
eISBN:
9780191918476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199697410.003.0017
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Nursing

This chapter presents a comprehensive understanding of dementia as a commonly encountered condition/syndrome in the nursing care of older adults and offers insights into the health challenges faced ... More


The Biological Determinants of Dementia Communication

Alison Wray

in The Dynamics of Dementia Communication

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190917807
eISBN:
9780190917838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190917807.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter asks, how do the brain changes associated with diseases of dementia affect communication? The biological diseases leading to dementia are termed ‘hard’ causes. The main types of dementia ... More


Vascular Disease, Alzheimer's Disease, and Mild Cognitive Impairment: Advancing an Integrated Approach

David J. Libon, Melissa Lamar, Rodney A. Swenson, and Kenneth M. Heilman (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190634230
eISBN:
9780190634254
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190634230.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia are acknowledged as the two most common types of dementia. Each of these dementia syndromes are associated with prodromal clinical syndromes, often referred ... More


Vascular Risk Factors and Their Relationship to Brain Aging: Findings from the Framingham Heart Study

Ting Fang Alvin Ang, Prajakta Joshi, and Rhoda Au

in Vascular Disease, Alzheimer's Disease, and Mild Cognitive Impairment: Advancing an Integrated Approach

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190634230
eISBN:
9780190634254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190634230.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

The Framingham Heart Study (FHS) was established in 1948 and is the longest, ongoing prospective cohort study studying cardiovascular diseases and stroke. Initially, the FHS was primarily focused on ... More


Apraxic and Action-Intentional Disorders Associated With Vascular and Degenerative Dementing Diseases

Kenneth M. Heilman

in Vascular Disease, Alzheimer's Disease, and Mild Cognitive Impairment: Advancing an Integrated Approach

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190634230
eISBN:
9780190634254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190634230.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

“Actions speak louder than words.” Although clinician’s behavioral evaluations of dementia most often include assessing episodic memory, declarative memories (e.g., naming and calculating), and ... More


Symptoms of Psychiatric Illness

Peter Sloan, Joy Bell, and Gil Myers

in Oxford Assess and Progress: Psychiatry

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199665662
eISBN:
9780191918322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199665662.003.0012
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Few physical signs or investigative tools are available to psychiatrists to aid them in making their diagnosis. An ability to understand the patient’s mental state is therefore of vital importance ... More


Upper Limb—Forearm, Wrist, and Hand

Alex Trompeter and David Elliott (eds)

in Trauma for the FRCS (Tr + Orth) Examination

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198749059
eISBN:
9780191916977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198749059.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions When judging rotational alignment of the radius on an anteroposterior radiograph the radial tuberosity should lie in which orientation in relation to the radial styloid? Select the single ... More


Upper Limb—Shoulder, Humerus, and Elbow

Alex Trompeter and David Elliott (eds)

in Trauma for the FRCS (Tr + Orth) Examination

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198749059
eISBN:
9780191916977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198749059.003.0021
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions Anterior band inferior glenohumeral ligament Middle glenohumeral ligament Superior glenohumeral ligament Subscapularis Acromioclavicular ligament Coracoacromio ligament Corococlavicular ... More


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