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A Close Look at Some Embo Variables and Their Use

Nancy C. Dorian

in Investigating Variation: The Effects of Social Organization and Social Setting

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195385939
eISBN:
9780199870141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385939.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The first part of this chapter presents individual speakers' freely spoken vs. elicited variant‐use patterns for three five‐variant variables, two four‐variant variables, three three‐variant ... More


Kin Groups, Peer Groups, and Variation

Nancy C. Dorian

in Investigating Variation: The Effects of Social Organization and Social Setting

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195385939
eISBN:
9780199870141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385939.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter demonstrates the limited effect of kin groups on variant‐use patterns. The usage of four sets of siblings plus the mother of one sibling set is examined. Percentages of use of all ... More


The Offertories in Manuscripts: An Introduction to the Edition

Rebecca Maloy

in Inside the Offertory: Aspects of Chronology and Transmission

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195315172
eISBN:
9780199776252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315172.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, History, Western

This chapter provides an overview of the manuscripts employed in the edition, the melodic variants encountered, and the methodology for establishing preferred readings. Selected examples demonstrate ... More


A Linguistic History of Arabic

Jonathan Owens

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199290826
eISBN:
9780191710469
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290826.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

A widespread interpretation of the history of Arabic is that of Old Arabic, roughly Classical Arabic of the 9th and 10th centuries, developing into the contemporary Neo-Arabic dialects. This ... More


Duke Bluebeard's Castle: Toward Character Reversal: Reassignment of Pentatonic and Whole‐Tone Spheres

Elliott Antokoletz

in Musical Symbolism in the Operas of Debussy and Bartok

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195365825
eISBN:
9780199868865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365825.003.0010
Subject:
Music, Opera

This chapter looks at Doors II (Armoury), III (Treasure Chamber), and IV (Garden) and develops Judith's “Fate” motif and the leitmotif of Stefi Geyer, including the transformation between Judith's ... More


Colorectal cancer

Harry Campbell, Steven Hawken, Evropi Theodoratou, Alex Demarsh, Kimberley Hutchings, Candice Y. Johnson, Lindsey Masson, Linda Sharp, Valerie Tait, and Julian Little

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Inherited genetic factors play an important role in the etiology of colorectal cancer. Rare high-penetrance mutations account for a small proportion of diseases but their identification plays an ... More


Childhood leukemias

Anand P. Chokkalingam and Patricia A. Buffler

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The term “leukemia” refers broadly to cancer of the white blood cells, or leukocytes. As a group, leukemias are the most common cancer among people under 15 years of age, accounting for 32% of all ... More


Bladder cancer

Jonine D. Figueroa, Montserrat Garcia-Closas, and Nathaniel Rothman

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

A literature search was performed using the HuGE Navigator with the term “bladder cancer” and PubMed searches with the terms “ bladder cancer polymorphisms” and “bladder cancer risk variants” through ... More


Type 2 diabetes

Eleftheria Zeggini and Mark I. McCarthy

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the genetics of type 2 diabetes (T2D). T2D represents one of the most important causes of global morbidity and mortality. On current projections, the prevalence of this ... More


Osteoporosis

André G. Uitterlinden, Joyce B. J. van Meurs, and Fernando Rivadeneira

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses gene-disease associations in osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is — together with osteoarthritis — the most common locomotor disease, and its clinical sequela, including fractures, ... More


Preterm birth

Siobhan M. Dolan

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Preterm birth (PTB) is a perplexing clinical condition and major public health challenge. In 2006, 12.8% of all births in the United States were preterm, defined as occurring before 37 completed ... More


Coronary heart disease

Adam S. Butterworth, Julian P. T. Higgins, Nadeem Sarwar, and John Danesh

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Coronary heart disease (CHD) — which includes myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, and stenosis of the coronary arteries — is the leading cause of death worldwide, with over 7 million deaths per ... More


Schizophrenia

Lars Bertram

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Efforts to identify the genes that modulate the risk for schizophrenia (SZ) have met with only limited success. This is at least in part due to problems that aggravate epidemiologic research in many ... More


Evaluation of predictive genetic tests for common diseases: bridging epidemiological, clinical, and public health measures

A. Cecile J. W. Janssens, Marta Gwinn, and Muin J. Khoury

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses how clinical epidemiologic concepts and methods can be used to assess whether one or more genetic variants (e.g. genome profiles) can be used to predict risk for human ... More


Formal Universals as Emergent Phenomena: The Origins of Structure Preservation

Joan L. Bybee

in Linguistic Universals and Language Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298495
eISBN:
9780191711442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298495.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter illustrates the relationship among synchronic universals, paths of change, and mechanisms of change with respect to the phonological changes that create the structural tendency known as ... More


Variants and Evidence of Oral-Written Transmission of Israelite Literature

David M. Carr

in The Formation of the Hebrew Bible: A New Reconstruction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199742608
eISBN:
9780199918737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742608.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter summarizes key insights from manuscript studies in the humanities and from studies of memory in psychology, summarizing insights into how texts are memorized and how manuscripts of ... More


The Earliest Quartets (ca. 1755–60 [?ca. 1757–59]): Op. 0; Op. 1 Nos. 1,2,3,4, and 6; Op. 2 Nos. 1,2,4, and 6

Floyd Grave and Margaret Grave

in The String Quartets of Joseph Haydn

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195173574
eISBN:
9780199872152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173574.003.0009
Subject:
Music, History, Western

The ten earliest quartets were initially disseminated in manuscript copies. They reached publishers in Paris and Amsterdam only in the 1760s. All are closely related in style, and all have ... More


Contracts and Export Behavior

Pol Antràs

in Global Production: Firms, Contracts, and Trade Structure

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691168272
eISBN:
9781400873746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168272.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter develops simple imperfect-contracting variants of the Melitz model of exporting and discusses empirical evidence suggestive of the role of these frictions as determinants of the ... More


Non‐Deverbal Adjectives

D. Gary Miller

in Latin Suffixal Derivatives in English: and Their Indo-European Ancestry

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285051
eISBN:
9780191713682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285051.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter details adjectives that are not derived from verbs. These include various composite relational adjectives and their historical extension from a suffix that became a genitive, variants ... More


Two Versions, Two Keys, and “Certain Poems of Mickiewicz”

Jonathan D. Bellman

in Chopin's Polish Ballade Op. 38 as Narrative of National Martyrdom

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195338867
eISBN:
9780199863723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195338867.003.0001
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, History, Western

Chopin's Second Ballade, op. 38, is a strangely anomalous work that has an entirely unique formal outline, ends in a different key from that in which it began, and is an intriguing mix of attractive, ... More


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