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Words without Objects: Semantics, Ontology, and Logic for Non-Singularity

Henry Laycock

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281718
eISBN:
9780191603594
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281718.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The book seeks to resolve the so-called ‘problem of mass nouns’ — a problem which cannot be resolved on the basis of a conventional system of logic. It is not, for instance, possible to explicate ... More


Multiple Regression with Discrete Dependent Variables

John G. Orme and Terri Combs-Orme

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195329452
eISBN:
9780199864812
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329452.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This book presents detailed discussions of regression models that are appropriate for discrete dependent variables, including dichotomous, polychotomous, ordered, and count variables. The major ... More


Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Patrick Dattalo

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Random sampling (RS) and random assignment (RA) are considered by many researchers to be the definitive methodological procedures for maximizing external and internal validity. However, there is a ... More


Process of Cross-Cultural Instrument Development and Assessment Process of Cross-Cultural Instrument Development and Assessment

Thanh V. Tran

in Developing Cross Cultural Measurement

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195325089
eISBN:
9780199864515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325089.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

A research instrument is defined as a systematic and standardized tool for data collection. It includes all types of research questionnaires and standardized scales. There are three ways in ... More


Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

Brian L. Cutler (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331974
eISBN:
9780199868193
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This book provides a contemporary review of empirical and legal issues surrounding expert psychological testimony on eyewitness identification. The chapters address a variety of topics, including the ... More


Soma Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Soma model simulates the origin of the resting potential in nerve cells. Because this model demonstrates steady-state conditions, or slow changes in the steady state, the membrane capacitance is ... More


Axon Models

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Axon model simulates the equations and parameters derived from experiments by Hodgkin and Huxley on the squid giant axon. Because of the exact correspondence between the equations incorporated ... More


Neuron Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Neuron model simulates the membrane potentials in vertebrate neurons, which are modeled as three serially connected compartments: dendrite, soma, and axon. The model is designed to simulate the ... More


Synapse Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Synapse model simulates the membrane potentials of three-compartment invertebrate neurons, comprising a soma, the neurite, and an axon. This model includes synaptic conductances to simulate ... More


Afterword

Brian L. Cutler

in Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331974
eISBN:
9780199868193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.003.012
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The Afterword summarizes the book's main aims and usefulness. This book has reviewed a substantial number of factors associated with expert psychological testimony on eyewitness identification. It ... More


Electricity Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Section II provides an overview of each of the seven models simulated by NeuroDynamix II. Beginning with a brief introduction, each subsection describes one model, includes a glossary of variable and ... More


Patch Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Patch model simulates the dynamics of a small piece of cell membrane as observed with the patch-clamp technique. Either individual channels in a small patch of membrane or the macroscopic current ... More


Reward in Public Service Bargains: Pyramids, Noblesse Oblige, Turkey Races, and Lotteries of Life

Christopher Hood and Martin Lodge

in The Politics of Public Service Bargains: Reward, Competency, Loyalty - and Blame

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199269679
eISBN:
9780191604096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926967X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the reward dimension of public service bargains. It analyzes different forms and aspects of reward and then explores four specific types of reward bargains: pyramids and ... More


Defining the Intervening and Explanatory Variables

Andrew Reynolds

in Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This is the second of four chapters that discusses the theoretical underpinnings of the research on democratization in southern Africa that is described in the book, as well as providing qualitative ... More


Micro-Econometrics for Policy, Program and Treatment Effects

Myoung-jae Lee

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199267699
eISBN:
9780191603044
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267693.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This book brings to the fore recent advances in econometrics for treatment effect analysis. It aims to put together various economic treatment effect models in a coherent fashion, determine those ... More


Fundamental Determinants of Exchange Rates

Jerome L. Stein and Polly Reynolds Allen

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293064
eISBN:
9780191596940
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293062.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, International

The NATREX approach offers an alternative paradigm to the Purchasing Power Parity for equilibrium real exchange rates. NATREX is the acronym for NATural Real EXchange, referring to a medium‐run, ... More


Formulations of Initial‐Boundary Value Problems

Józef Ignaczak and Martin Ostoja‐Starzewski

in Thermoelasticity with Finite Wave Speeds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199541645
eISBN:
9780191716164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541645.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter first presents a conventional and non‐conventional characterization of a thermoelastic process, giving four mixed initial‐boundary value problems (displacement‐temperature and ... More


How to Construct Predictive Models: Simplicity and Nonabsurdity

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Predictive models should be as simple as one can get away with, and they must not predict absurdities. They join the parsimony of “Occam's razor” to the “Sherlock Holmes principle”: Show how things ... More


Measuring Change in Corporate Governance

Roger M. Barker

in Corporate Governance, Competition, and Political Parties: Explaining Corporate Governance Change in Europe

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199576814
eISBN:
9780191722509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576814.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Corporate Governance and Accountability

An evaluation is made of various ways in which corporate governance can be operationalized as part of a panel data econometric analysis. Corporate governance is not a concept that can be directly ... More


The Measurement of Product Market Competition

Roger M. Barker

in Corporate Governance, Competition, and Political Parties: Explaining Corporate Governance Change in Europe

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199576814
eISBN:
9780191722509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576814.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Corporate Governance and Accountability

An evaluation is made of potential ways in which product market competition can be operationalized as part of a panel data econometric analysis. As with corporate governance, it is necessary to ... More


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