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 Rejecting the Ideal of Value‐Free Science

Heather Douglas

in Value-Free Science?: Ideals and Illusions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308969
eISBN:
9780199867608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308969.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins by explaining why nonepistemic values are logically needed for reasoning in science, even in the internal stages of the process. It then bolsters the point with an examination of ... More


 Evidence and Value Freedom

Elliott Sober

in Value-Free Science?: Ideals and Illusions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308969
eISBN:
9780199867608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308969.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines values and scientific evidence. It argues that one way to put the ideal of value freedom is believing that a proposition has good or bad ethical consequences is not evidence for ... More


Making Uncertainties Explicit: The Jeffreyan Value-Free Ideal and Its Limits

David M. Frank

in Exploring Inductive Risk: Case Studies of Values in Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190467715
eISBN:
9780190467753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467715.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

According to Richard Jeffrey’s value-free ideal, scientists should avoid making value judgments about inductive risks by offering explicit representations of scientific uncertainty to ... More


Values in Science and the Erosion of Trust

Inmaculada de Melo-Martín and Kristen Intemann

in The Fight Against Doubt: How to Bridge the Gap Between Scientists and the Public

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190869229
eISBN:
9780190869236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190869229.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers another factor that plays a role in eroding the public’s trust in science: concerns about the negative influence of nonepistemic values in science, particularly in ... More


Exploring Inductive Risk: Future Questions

Kevin C. Elliott and Ted Richards

in Exploring Inductive Risk: Case Studies of Values in Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190467715
eISBN:
9780190467753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467715.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This concluding chapter provides a roadmap for future studies of inductive risk by drawing attention to three particularly important sets of questions that emerge from Exploring Inductive Risk: (1) ... More


Conclusion: A Tapestry of Values

Kevin C. Elliott

in A Tapestry of Values: An Introduction to Values in Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190260804
eISBN:
9780190260842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190260804.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This concluding chapter of A Tapestry of Values synthesizes the book’s major lessons. It challenges the value-free ideal by arguing that values can have legitimate roles to play in choosing research ... More


A Tapestry of Values: An Introduction to Values in Science

Kevin C. Elliott

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190260804
eISBN:
9780190260842
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190260804.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book makes the contemporary philosophical literature on science and values accessible to a wide readership. It focuses on two questions: What are the major ways in which scientific reasoning can ... More


Scientific Objectivity

Jan Sprenger and Stephan Hartmann

in Bayesian Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780199672110
eISBN:
9780191881671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199672110.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Subjective Bayesianism is often criticized for a lack of objectivity: (i) it opens the door to the influence of values and biases, (ii) evidence judgments can vary substantially between scientists, ... More


An Introduction to Values in Science

Kevin C. Elliott

in A Tapestry of Values: An Introduction to Values in Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190260804
eISBN:
9780190260842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190260804.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter introduces the major issues addressed by the book A Tapestry of Values: An Introduction to Values in Science. It shows how the research of Nikolai Vavilov, Trofim Lysenko, and Theo ... More


Bad-Faith Dissent

Inmaculada de Melo-Martín and Kristen Intemann

in The Fight Against Doubt: How to Bridge the Gap Between Scientists and the Public

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190869229
eISBN:
9780190869236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190869229.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores whether the presence of bad-faith motive is a reliable criterion to identify normatively inappropriate dissent (NID). Rather than appropriate epistemic motives to help advance ... More


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