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Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Kok-Chor Tan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is a critical survey of the following three questions of egalitarian distributive justice. where does distributive equality matter? Why does it matter? And among whom does it matter? These ... More


Two Concepts of Liberty

Isaiah Berlin

in Liberty

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This lecture insisted upon negative liberty as the political complement to the human capacity for free choice, and made matching metaphysical claims: the nature of being, and especially the conflicts ... More


Scanlon versus Moore on Goodness

Philip Stratton-Lake and Brad Hooker

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter offers a partial defence of Scanlon's buck-passing account of the relation between base properties, goodness, and practical reasons. Jonathan Dancy and Roger Crisp have both argued that ... More


Institutions and Justice

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter recounts the justifications for the institutional approach, arguing in particular that an institutional focus allows for a way of balancing the demands of justice and the legitimate ... More


Evading the Demands of Justice?

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops and clarifies the institutional account proposed in the previous chapter by posing it against some of the important criticisms leveled against the institutional approach. ... More


Luck Egalitarianism: A Modest Account

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Part II of the book addresses the question why equality matters and defends luck egalitarianism against “democratic equality.” Chapter 4 begins by recalling the familiar core ideas of luck ... More


Clarifications and Conclusions

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The concluding chapter recalls and highlights the main points of the book, recapitulates the plausibility of the account of equality I have sketched, offers some clarifications, and responds to some ... More


Isaiah Berlin: A Judaism between Decisionism and Pluralism

Seyla Benhabib

in Exile, Statelessness, and Migration

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691167251
eISBN:
9780691184234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167251.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter analyzes Isaiah Berlin's work, stating that the relationship of liberalism to Berlin's value pluralism remains fraught, as does the question whether value pluralism can avoid relativism. ... More


Restitution's Realism

Hanoch Dagan

in Philosophical Foundations of the Law of Unjust Enrichment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199567751
eISBN:
9780191705267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567751.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations, Philosophy of Law

This chapter describes the foundations of (significant parts of) the American law of restitution. It argues that this body of law can, and therefore should, be read as a contextual application of our ... More


The Trivial Argument for Epistemic Value Pluralism, or, How I Learned to Stop Caring about Truth

Berit Brogaard

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Relativism offers a nifty way of accommodating most of our intuitions about epistemic modals, predicates of personal taste, colour expressions, future contingents, and conditionals. But in spite of ... More


Resolving Moral Conflicts: British Idealist and Contemporary Liberal Approaches to Value Pluralism and Moral Conduct

Maria Dimova‐Cookson (ed.)

in T. H. Green: Ethics, Metaphysics, and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199271665
eISBN:
9780191709364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271665.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter links the problems posed by value pluralism with those posed by moral conflict and aims to apply the solutions T. H. Green offers to the latter in the case of the former. The argument is ... More


Law, Morality, and Conflicts of Fundamental Legal Rights

Lorenzo Zucca

in Constitutional Dilemmas: Conflicts of Fundamental Legal Rights in Europe and the USA

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552184
eISBN:
9780191709630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552184.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter deals with the central problem concerning conflicts of rights: both parties have an exclusive claim to something of value protected by a fundamental right and we are left with no ... More


Conclusion

Robert Kane

in The Significance of Free Will

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126563
eISBN:
9780199868506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126564.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers the broader philosophical and cultural implications of the ideas and theory of free will presented in this book. Topics discussed include: social and political freedoms, value ... More


Commentary: The Functions and Limitations of Clinical Ethics Mediation

Ji-Yong Park

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0103
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this commentary, the author discusses an ongoing conversation in medical ethics, in particular with regard to functions and limitations of Clinical Ethics Mediation. While the author would agree ... More


Socialism with Modesty

Julien A. Deonna, Raffaele Rodogno, and Fabrice Teroni

in In Defense of Shame: The Faces of an Emotion

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199793532
eISBN:
9780199928569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793532.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

In this chapter, which responds to chapter 1, we use the value pluralism that is part of our account of shame to criticize the idea that shame is a social emotion, i.e. that it necessarily connects ... More


Ideal Utilitarianism: Rashdall and Moore

Anthony Skelton

in Underivative Duty: British Moral Philosophers from Sidgwick to Ewing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199577446
eISBN:
9780191725425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577446.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Ideal utilitarianism states that the only fundamental requirement of morality is to promote a plurality of intrinsic goods. This chapter critically evaluates Hastings Rashdall's arguments for ideal ... More


Communal Groups and Cultural Conflict

BENHARD PETERS

in Rights, Culture and the Law: Themes from the Legal and Political Philosophy of Joseph Raz

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248254
eISBN:
9780191714849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248254.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

In certain ways, Joseph Raz's distinct version of a liberal moral and political theory seems to be particularly congenial to political conceptions of multiculturalism, understood as political support ... More


Community, Culture, and Criminalization

Nicola Lacey

in Crime, Punishment, and Responsibility: The Jurisprudence of Antony Duff

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199592814
eISBN:
9780191729034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592814.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter sets out from Duff's Punishment, Communication and Community (2001), and poses the question of whether it is possible to pursue the goal of a criminal law which realises the values and ... More


Social justice, legitimacy and criminal justice

David Faulkner and Ros Burnett

in Where Next For Criminal Justice?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9781847428929
eISBN:
9781447305569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428929.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This chapter sets some parameters for the discussion that follows. It asks what people are doing when they talk about justice, especially criminal justice, and examines theories of justice and the ... More


Adjudication for Pluralists

William Lucy

in Understanding and Explaining Adjudication

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260257
eISBN:
9780191682070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260257.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Suppose value pluralism is true. Will its truth have any effect whatsoever on the beliefs, self-understandings, and practices of legal academics, practitioners, and judges? This chapter argues that ... More


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