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A Market Theory of Money

John Hicks

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287247
eISBN:
9780191596407
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287240.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

John Hicks's writing on monetary economics spans over fifty years. This book draws together the common threads of his work in a single succinct statement of the basics of monetary theory. It also ... More


Value Theory

Russell Hardin

in David Hume: Moral and Political Theorist

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199232567
eISBN:
9780191715976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232567.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores Hume's value theory. It is argued that Hume does not lay out his value theory as a whole apparel for the body of his moral psychology. He makes points about values almost always ... More


Expected Utility Theory/Expected Value Theory

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

The previous chapters offered a number of “impossibility” results. It was argued that certain deeply held views are incompatible, so that, seemingly, at least one of the views in question must be ... More


Intrinsic Value and the Notion of a Life

Jerrold Levinson

in Contemplating Art: Essays in Aesthetics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199206179
eISBN:
9780191709982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206179.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This essay explores the notion of intrinsic value. It is argued thata richly sentient life being a certain wayis the only possible subject of a defensible judgement of intrinsic value. One ... More


Weighing Lives

John Broome

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199243761
eISBN:
9780191602900
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924376X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

People are often faced with decisions that involve weighing the lives of some people against the lives of others, or weighing lives against other goods. This book aims to develop a moral theory that ... More


Political Theory

Russell Hardin

in David Hume: Moral and Political Theorist

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199232567
eISBN:
9780191715976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232567.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses Hume's political theory. Topics covered include power, social order, government, justificatory theories of the state, contractarianism, public-goods theories, shared-value ... More


Natural selection in closed asexual populations

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The mechanism of evolutionary change can be studied directly through selection experiments in laboratory microcosms. This chapter begins by describing the experimental approach to evolution, and goes ... More


The Principles of Economic Science

Athol Fitzgibbons

in Adam Smith's System of Liberty, Wealth, and Virtue: The Moral and Political Foundations of The Wealth of Nations

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292883
eISBN:
9780191596247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292880.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Laments that many economists are ignorant of Smith's ideas. It explains that Smith's objective was not to increase international trade, and briefly considers his theories of value and money.


Rickert and the Philosophy of Value

Frederick C. Beiser

in The German Historicist Tradition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691555
eISBN:
9780191731839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691555.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is a close examination of the philosophy of value of Heinrich Rickert (1863–1936). The philosophy of value was an attempt to define and secure an ahistorical realm of values against the ... More


The Nature of Goodness

W. D. Ross

in The Right and the Good

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252657
eISBN:
9780191598333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252653.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is the second of five chapters on good, and starts by making the point that it is around the question of the intrinsically good that the chief controversies about the nature of goodness or value ... More


Utility Hypothesis

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This is the first of six chapters in Part II about demand and utility cost, a typical area for what is understood as choice theory. It discusses utility hypothesis and the theory of value. Its five ... More


Animal Rights and the Values of Nonhuman Life

Elizabeth Anderson

in Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305104
eISBN:
9780199850556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305104.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines some of the tensions among animal welfare, animal rights, and environmental protection ethics. It explains that while animal rights advocates object to animal experimentation, ... More


Economic perspectives

John Child, David Faulkner, and Stephen B. Tallman

in Cooperative Strategy: Managing Alliances, Networks, and Joint Ventures

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199266241
eISBN:
9780191699139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266241.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy, Organization Studies

The justification attributed to cooperative strategy may be based on several different economic theories and as such, this chapter attempts to take on an economic perspective in examining a company's ... More


The Face-Value Theory

Stephen Schiffer

in The Things We Mean

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199257768
eISBN:
9780191602313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257760.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The face-value theory is that theory of the logical form of belief reports that must be defeated if it is not to be accepted. It holds that ‘A believes that S’ is true just in case A stands in the ... More


IRREDUCIBLE VALUE

GRAHAM ODDIE

in Value, Reality, and Desire

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199273416
eISBN:
9780191602658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273413.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents a promising way of defending the determination of value by nature, while resisting reduction. Recent developments in both property theory and value theory help clarify a thesis ... More


Value Theory

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter returns to Avicenna’s theory of the intellect, but now with a focus on the practical intellect and its role in the formation of our moral temperaments. Since Avicenna believes that the ... More


GENERIC ULTRAFILTERS AND TRANSITIVE MODELS OF ZFC

John L. Bell

in Set Theory: Boolean-Valued Models and Independence Proofs

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568520
eISBN:
9780191717581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568520.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

The construction of V(B) is relativized to transitive models of ZFC and shown to give rise to actual models of ZFC, in which various set-theoretic assertions are falsified. Boolean-valued set theory ... More


Desire-Based Theories of Reasons, Pleasure, and Welfare 1

Chris Heathwood

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics: Volume 6

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606375
eISBN:
9780191729478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606375.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One of the most important disputes in the foundations of ethics concerns the source of practical reasons. On the desire-based view, only one's desires (broadly construed) provide one with reasons to ... More


Pains—‘Work while it is called Today’: Utility, Political Economy,Carlyle, and Trollope

Kathleen Blake

in Pleasures of Benthamism: Victorian Literature, Utility, Political Economy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563265
eISBN:
9780191721809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563265.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Benthamites and economists acknowledge a principle of pain in work. But there is to be no self‐sacrifice that outruns self‐interest. Indeed in contemplating work, these writers communicate an element ... More


Nietzsche and Moral Fictionalism

Alan Thomas

in Nietzsche, Naturalism, and Normativity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583676
eISBN:
9780191745294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583676.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter assesses Nadeem Hussain's well-known moral fictionalist interpretation of Nietzsche. It also evaluates moral fictionalism as a free standing meta-ethical view. It distinguishes different ... More


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