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The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Duncan Pritchard, Alan Millar, and Adrian Haddock

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The three parts of the book comprise three distinct investigations under a common theme: enquiry into inter-relationships between issues about the nature of knowledge and issues about the value of ... More


Reliabilism and the Value of Knowledge

Alvin I. Goldman and Erik J. Olsson

in Reliabilism and Contemporary Epistemology: Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199812875
eISBN:
9780199933150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812875.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter discusses two possible solutions to the value-of-knowledge problem. It first discusses the conditional probability solution, which was formulated and defended by Erik Olsson. It then ... More


Reliabilism and the Value of Knowledge

Alvin I. Goldman and Erik J. Olsson

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

It is widely agreed that knowledge has greater value than mere true belief. This chapter begins by identifying a weak sense of ‘know’ (in which it means ‘believe truly’) under which knowledge cannot ... More


Is There a Value Problem?

Jason Baehr

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

According to the ‘value problem’ in epistemology, any plausible analysis of knowledge must imply that knowledge is always more valuable than mere true belief. In this chapter it is argued that the ... More


Ugly Analyses and Value

Michael R. DePaul

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines an argument that a number of philosophers have recently employed to show that something ordinarily considered valuable is not, in fact, valuable. The argument begins by ... More


The Social Transmission of Knowledge

Alan Millar

in The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter argues that the goal of enquiry is reflective knowledge. Reflective knowledge is knowledge along with knowledge of how we know, or at least knowledge that we know. Recently discussed ... More


Introduction

Alan Millar, Adrian Haddock, and Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The themes of the book—the value of knowledge and epistemic appraisal broadly conceived—are introduced in this chapter. The Meno problem is explained and related to the swamping problem as discussed ... More


The Value of Understanding

Jonathan Kvanvig

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Understanding has a special kind of value that other epistemic states such as knowledge do not, and this fact threatens the justification for the focus on knowledge that the history of epistemology ... More


Epistemic Value

Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar, and Duncan Pritchard (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book contains a collection of chapters on value in epistemology. Two themes loom large. One is about the value of knowledge. There are problems deriving from Plato's Meno concerning whether ... More


The Goods and the Motivation of Believing

Ward E. Jones

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter begins with an argument to the effect that some doxastic goods are surreptitious motivators: in so far as they work to bring about belief, they must do so without the agent herself being ... More


Beyond Employment: Towards a Model of Knowledge Supply

Alan Burton-Jones

in Knowledge Capitalism: Business, Work, and Learning in the New Economy

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296225
eISBN:
9780191685217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296225.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Strategy

Because of the advent of this knowledge economy, there have been empirical evidences that suggest that there are also corresponding changes to the character of employment. Despite the trend veering ... More


Intrinsic Consequentialism

Steven Sverdlik

in Motive and Rightness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199594948
eISBN:
9780191725401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594948.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Thomas Hurka's Virtue, Vice, and Value presents a version of consequentialism that can be called ‘intrinsic consequentialism.’ Traditional forms of consequentialism like utilitarianism hold that ... More


Freedom and Practical Judgement

David Owens

in Mental Actions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199225989
eISBN:
9780191710339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225989.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter develops an intellectualist view of practical freedom according to which practical freedom is a capacity to act on our view of what we ought to do. It argues that this view is embodied ... More


Reasons: Practical and Adaptive

Joseph Raz

in From Normativity to Responsibility

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693818
eISBN:
9780191731907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693818.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Introducing a distinction between standard and non-standard reasons, based on the ability to directly follow them, the chapter uses it to solve the ‘right kind of reason’ and the Toxin Puzzle, and to ... More


Value: a Menu of Questions

Joseph Raz

in Reason, Morality, and Law: The Philosophy of John Finnis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199675500
eISBN:
9780191757228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199675500.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter considers some questions arising out of reflection on Finnis' writings about value, exemplifying them by a consideration of the putative value of knowledge. They include the role of ... More


Trust and Epistemic Authority

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in Epistemic Authority: A Theory of Trust, Authority, and Autonomy in Belief

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199936472
eISBN:
9780199980697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936472.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that among those whom we are committed to trusting epistemically by a consistent exercise of conscientious self-trust are some who satisfy principles of authority modeled on the ... More


The Value of Self-Knowledge

Quassim Cassam

in Self-Knowledge for Humans

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199657575
eISBN:
9780191793110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657575.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

‘High road’ approaches explain the value of self-knowledge by reference to high-sounding ideals such as rationality and authenticity. ‘Low road’ approaches explain the value of self-knowledge in ... More


Well-Being: What Matters Beyond the Mental?

Jennifer Hawkins

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 4

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198722144
eISBN:
9780191789236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722144.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Most philosophers assume that more matters for well-being than simply mental states. However, there is an important distinction that is routinely overlooked. When it is said that more matters than ... More


The Difference between Knowledge and Understanding

Sherrilyn Roush

in Explaining Knowledge: New Essays on the Gettier Problem

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198724551
eISBN:
9780191840142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724551.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I characterize Gettier cases as failures of understanding, and give a theory of what it is to understand why proposition p is true. This view is based on the concept of probabilistic relevance ... More


Who Knows?

Baron Reed

in Performance Epistemology: Foundations and Applications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198746942
eISBN:
9780191809156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746942.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter traces the significance of a common feature of action and knowledge. A successful analysis of action must capture the sense in which there is someone who is acting. Similarly, it is ... More


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