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An Argument for Societal Values in Policy-Relevant Research

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that nonepistemic or contextual values should not be systematically excluded from any of the four categories of value judgments considered in Chapter 2. The argument rests on ... More


Three Theories of Self-Governance

Michael E. Bratman

in Structures of Agency: Essays

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187717
eISBN:
9780199893058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187717.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter revisits the important exchange between Harry G. Frankfurt and Gary Watson concerning the psychological structures involved in significant forms of free agency. It also aims to deepen ... More


A Desire of One's Own

Michael E. Bratman

in Structures of Agency: Essays

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187717
eISBN:
9780199893058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187717.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In his 1971 article, “Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person,” Harry G. Frankfurt pointed to a deep problem in the philosophy of action and sketched an attractive proposal for a solution. ... More


Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Kevin Elliott

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book examines a variety of ways in which societal values can be more effectively integrated into the numerous judgments associated with policy‐relevant environmental research. It provides a ... More


Introduction: Societal Values and Environmental Research

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter provides an overview of the book and a summary of each subsequent chapter. It highlights the volume's two major goals: to examine the range of methodological decisions and interpretive ... More


The Hormesis Case

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the history of hormesis research as an important case study of the ways in which methodological and interpretive judgments enter scientific practice. It organizes these choices ... More


Lesson #1: Safeguarding Science

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that current financial conflict‐of‐interest (COI) policies are severely limited in their ability to prevent powerful interest groups from hijacking university research. It ... More


Lesson #2: Diagnosing Deliberation

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the last of the options considered in chapter 4 for preventing interest groups' questionable influences on scientific research. It argues that there are normative, substantive, ... More


Planning Agency, Autonomous Agency

Michael E. Bratman

in Structures of Agency: Essays

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187717
eISBN:
9780199893058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187717.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Are there forms of psychological functioning that can be characterized without seeing the agent herself as playing an irreducible role and that are plausible candidates for sufficient conditions for ... More


 An Agnostic Conclusion: “It Depends”

Stephen D. Cohen

in Multinational Corporations and Foreign Direct Investment: Avoiding Simplicity, Embracing Complexity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195179354
eISBN:
9780199783779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179354.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

By integrating the major themes and arguments of this study, this chapter seeks to make a convincing case for an innovative method of analyzing and evaluating MNCs and FDI, a method that is ... More


Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Larry S. Temkin

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

In choosing between moral alternatives—choosing between various forms of ethical action—we typically make calculations of the following kind: A is better than B; B is better than C; therefore A is ... More


A Philosophical Retrospective: Facts, Values, and Jewish Identity

Alan Montefiore

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153003
eISBN:
9780231526791
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153003.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book looks at the conflict between two very different understandings of identity: the more traditional view that an identity carries with it certain duties and obligations, and an opposing view ... More


Introduction

Michael E. Bratman

in Structures of Agency: Essays

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187717
eISBN:
9780199893058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187717.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

We are planning agents; our agency extends over time; and, sometimes at least, we govern our own actions. These chapters aim at understanding important interrelations between these basic features of ... More


Law as a Standard of Value and Law as ‘Teaching’—The Significance of the Judge's Finding of Fact

Hans Kelsen

in General Theory of Norms

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198252177
eISBN:
9780191681363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198252177.003.0030
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

When a norm decrees behaviour to be obligatory, the actual behaviour which agrees with the norm can be judged (i.e. evaluated) as valuable or good, and the behaviour which does not agree with the ... More


Examining reasons for public intervention

Alan Peacock and Ilde Rizzo

in The Heritage Game: Economics, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213177
eISBN:
9780191707124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213177.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Deciding on the resources devoted to the maintenance and development of heritage artefacts entails making value judgments. There is a presumption that heritage services should be designed to benefit ... More


Identity, Belonging, and Responsibility

Alan Montefiore

in A Philosophical Retrospective: Facts, Values, and Jewish Identity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153003
eISBN:
9780231526791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153003.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explores the notion of identity, in particular that of role identity, and its relation to belonging and responsibility. It is a very general condition of social life that nearly ... More


Detecting Value with Motivational Responses

Sigrún Svavarsdóttir

in Motivational Internalism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199367955
eISBN:
9780199367979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199367955.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter advances a judgment externalist explanation of the close connection that is drawn between value judgment and motivation. The explanation relies on the thesis that the canonical method ... More


Weber, Objectivity, and Legal-Rational Authority

John Finnis

in Philosophy of Law: Collected Essays Volume IV

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580088
eISBN:
9780191729409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580088.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter makes a fundamental examination of Weber's method and results in their bearing on the understanding of law and legal authority. It takes off from a critique of Anthony Kronman's 1983 ... More


Value and emotion

Julien A. Deonna and Fabrice Teroni

in Handbook of Value: Perspectives from Economics, Neuroscience, Philosophy, Psychology and Sociology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198716600
eISBN:
9780191807572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716600.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

There are close links between emotions and values. This chapter pursues the task of uncovering the nature of these links. It proceeds to do that by answering three questions. First, what is the role ... More


Facts and Values?

Alan Montefiore

in A Philosophical Retrospective: Facts, Values, and Jewish Identity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153003
eISBN:
9780231526791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153003.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explores the notions of fact and value, first by recalling the relevant aspects of what presented itself as a given personal identity at the time of setting out on a university career. ... More


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