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Research Sponsors and the Culture of Risk

Sydney A. Halpern

in Lesser Harms: The Morality of Risk in Medical Research

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226314518
eISBN:
9780226314532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226314532.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

In the field of vaccine testing, organizational support for human trials was quite common in the United States, even as early as the 1930s. A diverse array of agencies provided resources for the ... More


Lesser Harms: The Morality of Risk in Medical Research

Sydney A. Halpern

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226314518
eISBN:
9780226314532
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226314532.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Research physicians face intractable dilemmas when they consider introducing new medical procedures. Innovations carry the promise of preventing or curing life-threatening diseases, but they can also ... More


The Vaccine Schedule

Paul A. Offit and Charlotte A. Moser

in Vaccines and Your Child: Separating Fact from Fiction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153072
eISBN:
9780231526715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153072.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter focuses on the vaccine schedule. Three groups determine the vaccine schedule: the CDC, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). ... More


Estimation of Vaccine Efficacy for Prophylactic HIV Vaccines

Ira M. Longini Jr., Michael G. Hudgens, and M. Elizabeth Halloran

in Quantitative Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300087512
eISBN:
9780300128222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300087512.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter proposes a research design for estimating the protective effects of prophylactic vaccines. Following the structure of the HIV vaccine trial of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration ... More


Medical Researchers’ Ancillary-Care Obligations: A Neglected Issue

Henry S. Richardson

in Moral Entanglements: The Ancillary-Care Obligations of Medical Researchers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388930
eISBN:
9780199979196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388930.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter introduces the neglected issue of medical researchers’ ancillary-care obligations—their obligations to provide medical care that their research subjects need, but that is not required in ... More


Introduction

Sydney A. Halpern

in Lesser Harms: The Morality of Risk in Medical Research

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226314518
eISBN:
9780226314532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226314532.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Many depictions of clinical research appearing in American publications during the final third of the twentieth century are strikingly incompatible with the notion of morality. In the 1960s and ... More


Developing Burroughs Wellcome Alum-Toxoid

Michael Dwyer

in Strangling Angel: Diphtheria and Childhood Immunization in Ireland

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781786940469
eISBN:
9781786945150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781786940469.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter four suggests that although the practical application of anti-diphtheria immunization in Cork achieved good results, its success was qualified somewhat by the limitations of Burroughs ... More


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