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In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

William R. Clark

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The immune system is the only thing standing between us and a world of microbial predators that could send us to an early and ugly death. It would be our only defense during the first hours of a ... More


Management and prevention of SARS in China

Nanshan Zhong and Guangqiao Zeng

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

SARS originated from the Guangdong province of China where it emerged in the autumn of 2002. This chapter presents data that show that there may have been interspecies transmission between wild ... More


Vaccines and Your Child: Separating Fact from Fiction

Paul Offit and Charlotte Moser

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153072
eISBN:
9780231526715
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153072.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This book answers questions about the science and safety of modern vaccines. In straightforward prose, it explains how vaccines work, how they are made, and how they are tested. Most important, it ... More


Vaccines: How They Work, Why They Sometimes Don't, and What We Can Do About It

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The realization that many diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms ultimately made possible the rational development of vaccines. Killed or disabled microbes, their components, or even their ... More


Assessing the Threat

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

What would it take to mount a catastrophic bioterrorist attack on America? What are the barriers to success? Who could do it, and what weapons would they use? In this chapter we analyze the attempts ... More


The Ultimate Bioterrorist: Mother Nature!

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The greatest threat we face from biological agents of death today is not from humans – it is from nature itself. A bioterrorist attack that could kill hundreds, possibly thousands, of Americans is a ... More


Pandora’s Box: Immunizations, Parental Obligations, and Toxic Facts

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explores the relationship between childhood vaccines and autism. A preponderance of evidence suggests that vaccines are not responsible for the increased prevalence of autism cases over ... More


EPILOGUE

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses several issues concerning viruses. These include the increasing threat to humans posed by viruses, the settlement of virus families in the population, and the spread of viruses ... More


The Immune System and Cancer

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Cancers arise as a result of mutations in genes controlling cell division. They may well arise in the body on a fairly frequent basis. Most or all cancers display information on their surface that ... More


When the Wall Comes Tumbling Down: HIV/AIDS

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

AIDS presents one of the greatest medical and scientific challenges of the past sixty years. This chapter examines AIDS as a medical problem, as a problem in virology, and from an immunological point ... More


The Politics of Vaccination: A Global History

Christine Holmberg, Stuart Blume, and Paul Greenough (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781526110886
eISBN:
9781526124272
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526110886.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In this book scholars from across the globe investigate changes in ‘society’ and ‘nation’ over time through the lens of immunisation. Such an analysis unmasks the idea of vaccination as a simple ... More


Risk Communication in the British Pertussis and MMR Vaccine Controversies

Rachel Casiday

in Risk Communication and Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562848
eISBN:
9780191722523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562848.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines and compares two vaccination controversies from recent decades: the safety of whole-cell pertussis vaccine in the 1970s and 1980s, and the more recent controversy about the ... More


Introduction

David S. Wendler

in The Ethics of Pediatric Research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730087
eISBN:
9780199776689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730087.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The first chapter begins with an example of an important series of pediatric research studies, the studies that led to the development of vaccines for rotavirus. This example illustrates the dilemma ... More


Vaccines in the First Year of Life

Paul A. Offit and Charlotte A. Moser

in Vaccines and Your Child: Separating Fact from Fiction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153072
eISBN:
9780231526715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153072.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter presents the vaccines needed in the first year of life. Hepatitis B is a virus that is transmitted most commonly from one person to another by blood. The American Academy of Pediatrics ... More


Pathogen evolution in a vaccinated world

Andrew F. Read and Margaret J. Mackinnon

in Evolution in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Vaccines alter the immune landscape experienced by pathogens, and hence their evolution, by targeting subsets of strains in a population, reducing the number of fully susceptible individuals, and ... More


Hepatitis A, B, and C Virus Infections among Men Who Have Sex with Men in the United States: Transmission, Epidemiology, and Intervention

Scott D. Rhodes and Leland J. Yee

in Unequal Opportunity: Health Disparities Affecting Gay and Bisexual Men in the United States

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301533
eISBN:
9780199863815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301533.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the epidemiology of hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C within the U.S. male population and within various samples of men-who-have-sex-with-men. Vaccine strategies for the ... More


Vaccine-Preventable Diseases

Stephanie Zaza, Peter A. Briss, and Kate W. Harris

in The Guide to Community Preventive Services: What works to promote health?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195151091
eISBN:
9780199864973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151091.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reports on the effectiveness of interventions to increase the use of both universally recommended and targeted vaccines. The first section summarizes Task Force conclusions and ... More


The Ethics of Research in Infectious Disease:: Experimenting On This Patient, Risking Harm To That One

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Research ethics has focused on protecting the autonomy of the individual research subject, insisting on informed consent and a reasonable risk/benefit ratio for a study to be ethical. At the same ... More


Immunization and the Hpv Vaccine

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine has the potential to significantly reduce the incidence of cervical cancer in women who receive the vaccine before they are sexually active and thus become at ... More


Pandemic Planning and the Justice of Health-Care Distribution

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In pandemic planning, much attention has been paid to justice in the distribution of scarce health care resources: vaccines, anti-virals, and access to advanced modes of treatment such as ventilator ... More


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