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Realism about Agents: Cognitive Limitations

Paul Weirich

in Realistic Decision Theory: Rules for Nonideal Agents in Nonideal Circumstances

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780195171259
eISBN:
9780199834976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517125X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

People, havingcognitive limits, often lack relevant a priori knowledge and knowledge of their own psychological states–for example, knowledge of their own probability and utility assignments. The ... More


A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Jie W. Weiss and David J. Weiss (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Ward Edwards is well known as the father of behavioral decision making. In his 1954 Psychological Bulletin paper on decision making, he brought psychological ideas into what had been the province of ... More


Measurement and Development of PsyCap: Assessing the Return on Investment

Fred Luthans, Carolyn M. Youssef, and Bruce J. Avolio

in Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187526
eISBN:
9780199789863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187526.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This final chapter first summarizes the existing published measures of efficacy, hope, optimism, and resiliency and then presents the recently developed 24-item psychological capital questionnaire ... More


Reflections on and Criticisms of a Highly Political Multiattribute Utility Analysis

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0029
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In a two-month period beginning in late July 1977, Ward Edwards instigated, carried out aspects of, and supervised other aspects of a large, complex multiattribute utility analysis conducted in an ... More


Multiattribute Utility Measurement: Evaluating Desegregation Plans in a Highly Political Context

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses a multiattribute utility analysis of seven school desegregation plans submitted by external groups to the Los Angeles School Board, which were under court order to desegregate. ... More


Understanding and Applying Analytic Tools

ROSS C. BROWNSON, ELIZABETH A. BAKER, TERRY L. LEET, and KATHLEEN N. GILLESPIE

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195143768
eISBN:
9780199865581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143768.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes several tools for evidence-based public health practice. The chapter is organized as follows. First, it describes some context and processes for developing systematic reviews ... More


Economic evaluation and priority setting: an overview

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview of the methodologies that come under the umbrella term of economic evaluation in healthcare. Economic evaluations seek to identify, measure, value, and compare ... More


Economic Evaluation of New Drugs

Stuart O. Schweitzer and Z. John Lu

in Pharmaceutical Economics and Policy: Perspectives, Promises, and Problems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190623784
eISBN:
9780190623814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190623784.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

As a result of new cost-containment incentives found in both public and private healthcare plans, providers and insurers are subjecting new healthcare services, and especially pharmaceuticals, to ... More


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