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Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God

Jeff Jordan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291328
eISBN:
9780191710698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291328.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

What if there is no strong evidence that God exists? Is belief in God when faced with a lack of evidence illegitimate and improper? Evidentialism answers yes. According to Evidentialism, it is ... More


Expanding and Reorienting the Scope of Economic Thinking

James Halteman and Edd Noell

in Reckoning with Markets: The Role of Moral Reflection in Economics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199763702
eISBN:
9780199932252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199763702.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter traces efforts to expand the approach of economic thinking to political, legal, social, and religious institutions. Using rational choice analysis, these efforts move the discussion ... More


What Is This Thing Called Happiness?

Fred Feldman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571178
eISBN:
9780191722547
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571178.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book is a philosophical study of the nature and value of happiness. Part I is devoted to critical discussion of the most important theories about the nature of happiness, understood as some sort ... More


Epilogue

Bernard Van Praag

in Happiness Quantified: A Satisfaction Calculus Approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226146
eISBN:
9780191718595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226146.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter synthesizes the findings presented in the book. It highlights the success in developing a methodology that can analyse satisfaction along the lines similar to those used by ... More


The Moral Skeptic

Anita M. Superson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195376623
eISBN:
9780199871551
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376623.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This book challenges the traditional picture of the skeptic who asks, “Why be moral?” and demands a demonstration that acting in morally required ways is rationally required. It argues that we defeat ... More


Decision Theory and Rationality

José Luis Bermúdez

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199548026
eISBN:
9780191720246
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548026.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The concept of rationality is a common thread through the human and social sciences — from political science to philosophy, from economics to sociology, from management science to decision analysis. ... More


On a Class of Preference Fields

W. M. Gorman

C. Blackorby and A. F. Shorrocks (eds)

in Separability and Aggregation: The Collected Works of W. M. Gorman, Volume I

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198285212
eISBN:
9780191596322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198285213.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This short note, published in Metroeconomica 13 (1961), begins with the assumption that the preferences of the consumer exhibit linear Engel curves, which were shown in ’Community preference fields’ ... More


Muellbauer's Representative Consumer

W. M. Gorman

C. Blackorby and A. F. Shorrocks (eds)

in Separability and Aggregation: The Collected Works of W. M. Gorman, Volume I

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198285212
eISBN:
9780191596322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198285213.003.0022
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The following paper has been constructed from handwritten notes, probably dating from 1976, which contain only an introduction, the beginning of a proof, and a conclusion; the proof of the main ... More


The Problem of Infinite Utilities

Jeff Jordan

in Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291328
eISBN:
9780191710698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291328.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Pascal's Wager employed infinite utilities, but standard decision theory is incompatible with infinite utilities. In this chapter, the consequences of restricting the Wager to finite utilities are ... More


Fat Economics: Nutrition, Health, and Economic Policy

Mario Mazzocchi, W. Bruce Traill, and Jason F. Shogren

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199213856
eISBN:
9780191695902
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213856.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The obesity epidemic and the growing debate about what, if any, public health policy should be adopted is the subject of endless debates within the media and in governments around the world. Whilst ... More


Party Policies and Voter Choices

Anthony F. Heath, Roger M. Jowell, and John K. Curtice

in The Rise of New Labour: Party Policies and Voter Choices

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245116
eISBN:
9780191599453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245118.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The authors offer a multiplicative model that provides a comprehensive framework to place the main findings of the volume. The model is based on the standard ‘expected utility maximization’ model of ... More


Realistic Decision Theory: Rules for Nonideal Agents in Nonideal Circumstances

Paul Weirich

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780195171259
eISBN:
9780199834976
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517125X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Decision theory aims at a general account of rationality covering humans but to begin makes idealizations about decision problems and agents' resources and circumstances. It treats inerrant agents ... More


In the Interest of the Governed: A Study in Bentham's Philosophy of Utility and Law

David Lyons

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239642
eISBN:
9780191679971
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239642.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Although known as the founder of modern utilitarianism and the source of analytical jurisprudence, Bentham today is infrequently read, but often caricatured. This book, based on a study of Bentham's ... More


 The Folk Theorem with Perfect Monitoring

George J. Mailath and Larry Samuelson

in Repeated Games and Reputations: Long-Run Relationships

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300796
eISBN:
9780199783700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300796.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter presents and proves the folk theorem for games of perfect monitoring. The chapter first proves the folk theorem for two players with public correlation and pure-action individual ... More


Relationships between IPR and Technology Catch‐Up: Some Evidence from China

Lan Xue and Zheng Liang

in Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up: An International Comparative Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199574759
eISBN:
9780191722660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter discusses the catch‐up process of China post‐1949, especially after the initiative of “Open Doors” since 1978. Domestic firms adapted to the intellectual property right system through ... More


Pricing New Products: Strategies and Caveats

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter shows how firms should price new products, especially under cost and demand uncertainty. It distinguishes between privately and publicly owned firms and show how the risk attitudes of ... More


Annuity demand theory

Edmund Cannon and Ian Tonks

in Annuity Markets

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199216994
eISBN:
9780191711978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216994.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter discusses Yaari's (19665) annuitization result, which states that a risk-averse individual concerned about longevity risk (uncertain length of life) will always purchase actuarially-fair ... More


 Pluralism and Ambivalence *

David B. Wong

in Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305395
eISBN:
9780199786657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305396.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The case for pluralistic relativism begins with discussing a discomforting kind of moral disagreement that gives rise to moral ambivalence: this is not simply disagreement in which both sides run out ... More


Cooperation

Raimo Tuomela

in The Philosophy of Sociality: The Shared Point of View

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195313390
eISBN:
9780199870929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313390.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter contains an extensive discussion of cooperation, including accounts of both I-mode and we-mode cooperation. I-mode cooperation concerns the participants relevantly “shifting” their ... More


Ecology and Opportunity: Intergenerational Equity and Sustainable Options

Bryan Norton

in Fairness and Futurity: Essays on Environmental Sustainability and Social Justice

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294894
eISBN:
9780191599064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294891.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Bryan Norton suggests that there are two ways of answering the sustainability question, ‘what to sustain?’ They are ‘utility comparison’ and ‘listing stuff’. While preferable to the former, the ... More


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