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Utilitarianism and Co-operation

Donald H. Regan

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246091
eISBN:
9780191680922
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246091.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book identifies and defines the features of traditional utilitarian theories which account for their appeal, demonstrates that no theory which is ‘exclusively act-oriented’ can have all the ... More


Forms and Limits of Utilitarianism

David Lyons

Published in print:
1965
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241973
eISBN:
9780191724817
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241973.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

One can contrast the analogous general utilitarian principle in order to see whether it can be subjected to the criticisms offered against Act-Utilitarianism. From the notion of generalization one ... More


Just War

Simon Caney

in Justice Beyond Borders: A Global Political Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780198293507
eISBN:
9780191602337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829350X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The aim of this chapter is to analyse a number of prominent views concerning the nature of a just war and, having criticized them, to outline the account of a just war that follows from a ... More


Conclusion

Robert Audi

in Moral Value and Human Diversity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195312942
eISBN:
9780199851188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312942.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Four kinds of ethical view have appeared and reappeared in this book. The first is virtue ethics, which counsels people to concentrate on realizing the good throughout our lives. The second and third ... More


The Tyranny of Utility: Behavioral Social Science and the Rise of Paternalism

Gilles Saint-Paul

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128177
eISBN:
9781400838899
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128177.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

The general assumption that social policy should be utilitarian—that society should be organized to yield the greatest level of welfare—leads inexorably to increased government interventions. ... More


Bargaining

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter surveys the relevant bargaining theory, namely the Nash bargaining solution, the utilitarian bargaining solution, and the egalitarian bargaining solution. The importance of how ... More


IMPARTIALITY AND THE COMMON GOOD

David O. Brink

in Perfectionism and the Common Good: Themes in the Philosophy of T. H. Green

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266401
eISBN:
9780191600906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266409.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines whether Green's conception of the common good is impartial in the sense that it demands an equal weighting of everyone's good. Green's views on the philosophical and political ... More


Political Parties in Australia: Party Stability in a Utilitarian Society

Ian McAllister

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Placed in a comparative perspective, the hallmark of Australian politics is the dominance of party: the vast majority of voters identify with and vote for one of the major political parties, and ... More


Comparisons and Comment

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Smith's theory of the impartial spectator is superior to a recent theory with which it has been compared, Roderick Firth's ‘ideal observer’ theory of moral judgement. Smith's notion has also been ... More


Utilitarianism

Russell Hardin

in David Hume: Moral and Political Theorist

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199232567
eISBN:
9780191715976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232567.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hume is held by various scholars to be a utilitarian, a rule-utilitarian, a halfhearted utilitarian, or not a utilitarian at all, and he is also held to be a consequentialist or he is not held to be ... More


 Just Playing?

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter offers an approach to applying game theory to David Hume's ideas on moral philosophy. It begins by explaining how the Humean approach allows a different interpretation of experimental ... More


The Academic Professions and American Society

Steven Brint

in Two Cheers for Higher Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182667
eISBN:
9780691184890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182667.003.0002
Subject:
Education, Higher Education

This chapter presents a portrait of the dominant system for organizing and pursuing knowledge and the contributions of that system to American life. It aims to convey some of the hidden strengths of ... More


Patents as an Incentive to Innovate

Dominique Guellec

in The Economics of the European Patent System: IP Policy for Innovation and Competition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199216987
eISBN:
9780191711831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216987.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter investigates the rationale of patents, their economic role, and the circumstances in which they are the most effective. The utilitarian theory considers patents as an incentive — a ... More


The Hispanization of Filipino Music

D. R. M. Irving

in Colonial Counterpoint: Music in Early Modern Manila

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195378269
eISBN:
9780199864614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378269.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter examines how “hispanization” or transculturation transformed Filipino music in the early modern period, through the absorption and adaptation of certain elements of Hispanic musical ... More


Theories of Law and Government

William Cornish, Michael Lobban, and Keith Smith

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XI: 1820–1914 English Legal System

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199258819
eISBN:
9780191718151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258819.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter on theories of law and government begins with a discussion of the thought of Jeremy Bentham. It then discusses John Austin's reformulation of the province of jurisprudence, intuitionists ... More


Beyond “Compassion and Humanity”: Justice for Nonhuman Animals

Martha C. Nussbaum

in Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305104
eISBN:
9780199850556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305104.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses the application of the capabilities approach to the question of animal rights. It explains that this approach provides better theoretical guidance on the issue of animal ... More


The Role of Science

Gilles Saint-Paul

in The Tyranny of Utility: Behavioral Social Science and the Rise of Paternalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128177
eISBN:
9781400838899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128177.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter describes the social sciences. Unlike the natural sciences, the social sciences are inevitably statistical. When documenting human behavior, for example, they can at most claim that a ... More


Post-Utilitarianism: Searching for a Collective Soul in the Behavioral Era

Gilles Saint-Paul

in The Tyranny of Utility: Behavioral Social Science and the Rise of Paternalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128177
eISBN:
9781400838899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128177.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter presents the post-utilitarian paradigm, which is defined as the attempt to reconstruct social preferences when individuals have behavioral issues. It highlights four possibilities, each ... More


Punishment

Charles Goodman

in Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375190
eISBN:
9780199871377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375190.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

If Buddhists really hold consequentialism and hard determinism, we would expect them to endorse utilitarian views of punishment and reject retributivism. We find this kind of view on the ... More


Promises, Morals, and Law

P. S. Atiyah

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198254799
eISBN:
9780191681530
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198254799.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

This book attempts an analysis of the nature of promissory obligations. The subject is one which has attracted a great deal of attention among both moral and linguistic philosophers, but the book ... More


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