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Moral Reflection on Economic Justice in Scholastic Economic Thought

James Halteman and Edd Noell

in Reckoning with Markets: The Role of Moral Reflection in Economics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199763702
eISBN:
9780199932252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199763702.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The moral reflections of the medieval Scholastics on trade and loans are discussed in this chapter. Institutional change in thirteenth- and fourteenth-century Europe facilitated specialization, the ... More


Introduction

Peter Temin and Hans-Joachim Voth

in Prometheus Shackled: Goldsmith Banks and England's Financial Revolution after 1700

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199944279
eISBN:
9780199980789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944279.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The book asks when financial development is good for growth. It turns to industrializing England for an answer, using London goldsmith bankers as a case study. The book traces the early history of ... More


A Hound of God: Pierre de la Palud and the Fourteenth-Century Church

Jean Dunbabin

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222910
eISBN:
9780191678523
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222910.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

Pierre de la Palud was a friar of aristocratic birth who was appointed Patriarch of Jerusalem in 1329. This biography follows the course of his eventful life, and exploits his copious writings to ... More


Moral Teaching

Richard Swinburne

in Revelation: From Metaphor to Analogy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199212460
eISBN:
9780191707193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212460.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Humans are subject to four kinds of moral obligation: necessary obligations, obligations necessary unless God dispenses us from them, obligations imposed by God on all humans, and obligations imposed ... More


Segregation or Choice?: From Merchants to Moneylenders, 1000–1500

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter assesses the argument that both their exclusion from craft and merchant guilds and usury bans on Christians segregated European Jews into moneylending during the Middle Ages. Already ... More


Dante: Inferno

John Casey

in After Lives: A Guide to Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195092950
eISBN:
9780199869732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092950.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

The Aristotelian background to Dante, and Dante's expressing in poetic terms the theology and philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas is explored. Like Swift, Dante presents what Aristotle called “probable ... More


Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

John McManners

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The second volume of this study of the relations between the Catholic Church and society in eighteenth‐century France covers the topics of popular religion; the clergy and morals; the Jansenist ... More


Christianity and Social Ideas

Colin Morris

in The Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269250
eISBN:
9780191600708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269250.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Church History

There was a new element of humanism in twelfth‐century thinking, and with this came a concern for the ordering of an increasingly technical society. The older idea of ‘orders’ in society was ... More


Commercial Loans and Lotteries

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The question of loans for interest or ‘usury’ was much debated by eighteenth‐century churchmen, with the traditional ban being upheld in theory. But the legitimacy of reward for risk was accepted ... More


Ethical Demands and Religious Obligations

John Van Seters

in A Law Book for the Diaspora: Revision in the Study of the Covenant Code

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195153156
eISBN:
9780199834785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153154.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Within the second half of the code are social and humanitarian commandments concerned with the poor, the widow and orphan, and the stranger who are not to be exploited, but must be supported by ... More


Penury and Divine Gift: The Poor as Fiscal Body

Susan R. Holman

in The Hungry are Dying: Beggars and Bishops in Roman Cappadocia

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139129
eISBN:
9780199834310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195139127.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The Cappadocian texts on poverty include an economic construct of the poor as fiscal body, defining themselves according to their penury and being defined as currency and inflationary debt. This ... More


The moneylender unmasked

Sean O'Connell

in Credit and Community: Working-Class Debt in the UK since 1880

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199263318
eISBN:
9780191718793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263318.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines parliamentary investigations of moneylending, explaining the often unintended consequences of legislation and offering insights for contemporary anti-debt debates. The ... More


Prometheus Shackled: Goldsmith Banks and England's Financial Revolution after 1700

Peter Temin and Hans-Joachim Voth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199944279
eISBN:
9780199980789
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944279.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The book asks when financial development is good for growth. It turns to industrializing England for an answer, using London goldsmith bankers as a case study. The book traces the early history of ... More


Pleasures of Benthamism—Utility, or, ‘People mutht be amuthed’: Bentham and

Kathleen Blake

in Pleasures of Benthamism: Victorian Literature, Utility, Political Economy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563265
eISBN:
9780191721809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563265.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter treats the fundamental pleasure principle of Bentham's utility, which is Smith's value‐in‐use. It covers a range of Bentham's writings including Principles of Morals and Legislation, ... More


Shakespeare is Shylock: Letters of Credit in The Merchant of Venice

Stewart Alan

in Shakespeare's Letters

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199549276
eISBN:
9780191701504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549276.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter explores how an understanding of credit might be brought to bear on one of William Shakespeare's most misunderstood plays, The Merchant of Venice. The ‘pound of flesh’ bond story, has ... More


Borrowers, Investors, and Usury Laws

Peter Temin and Hans-Joachim Voth

in Prometheus Shackled: Goldsmith Banks and England's Financial Revolution after 1700

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199944279
eISBN:
9780199980789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944279.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The English law set a maximum interest rate on loans. To trace the regulation's effect, this chapter examines the tightening of the usury laws in 1714, when the maximum permissible rate was reduced ... More


Finance and Slow Growth during the Industrial Revolution

Peter Temin and Hans-Joachim Voth

in Prometheus Shackled: Goldsmith Banks and England's Financial Revolution after 1700

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199944279
eISBN:
9780199980789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944279.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter reviews recent research on Britain's Industrial revolution, showing that the presumed rate of economic growth during this economic watershed has been reduced progressively by several ... More


Conclusions

Peter Temin and Hans-Joachim Voth

in Prometheus Shackled: Goldsmith Banks and England's Financial Revolution after 1700

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199944279
eISBN:
9780199980789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944279.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter summarizes the book by making two points. Surveying the literature on growth, it shows that aggregate data do not always capture the quality of financial development, contrasting America ... More


Society Under Scrutiny VI: Economic Activity: The Examination of Merchants; Usury, Trading, and the Duties of Almsgiving

Michael Haren

in Sin and Society in Fourteenth-Century England: A Study of the Memoriale Presbiterorum

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208518
eISBN:
9780191678042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208518.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, Social History

The Memoriale Presbiterorum shows a pronounced interest in several aspects of economic activity. The attempt by the medieval canon lawyers to impose controls on the use of wealth, and specifically to ... More


The Prophet as Physician of Souls: Savonarola’s Manual for Confessors

Donald Weinstein

in Society and Individual in Renaissance Florence

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520232549
eISBN:
9780520928220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232549.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter presents a study of an often-ignored confessor's manual written by Girolamo Savonarola which reveals the friar at work in a role quite different from that of fiery preacher. It argues ... More


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