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The Mental Corpus: How language is represented in the mind

John R. Taylor

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199290802
eISBN:
9780191741388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290802.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This book argues that knowledge of a language can be thought of as a mental corpus, that is, as a repository of memories of previous linguistic encounters with the language. Features of incoming ... More


In Defense of the Saussurean View of Grammar

Frederick J. Newmeyer

in Possible and Probable Languages: A Generative Perspective on Linguistic Typology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274338
eISBN:
9780191706479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274338.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter argues in favor of the classical Saussurean position with respect to the relationship between knowledge of language and use of language, providing evidence in support of the idea that ... More


Discourse

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

A discourse consists of usage events, and in the usage based approach linguistic units are seen as being abstracted from such events. Discourse is fundamentally interactive and necessarily dynamic. ... More


Orientation

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Cognitive Grammar represents one approach to cognitive linguistics, which in turn belongs to the functionalist (as opposed to the formalist) tradition in linguistic theory. Its central claim is that ... More


Overview

Adele Goldberg

in Constructions at Work: The Nature of Generalization in Language

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199268511
eISBN:
9780191708428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268511.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Observations about particular linguistic constructions have shaped our understanding of both particular languages and the nature of language itself. But only recently has a new theoretical approach ... More


Item-specific knowledge and generalizations

Adele Goldberg

in Constructions at Work: The Nature of Generalization in Language

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199268511
eISBN:
9780191708428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268511.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Language contains both large generalizations and idiosyncratic facts, and therefore we unavoidably find those who favour lumping and those who favour splitting. The constructionist approach to ... More


Language Universals and Usage-Based Theory

Joan Bybee

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses the usage-based theory of language. It argues that from this perspective there are very few synchronic universals in the sense of features that can be found in all languages. ... More


Music and language cognition compared I: Acquisition

Aaron L. Berkowitz

in The Improvising Mind: Cognition and Creativity in the Musical Moment

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590957
eISBN:
9780191594595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590957.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Music Psychology

The study of musical improvisation and how musicians acquire this skill allows for a comparison with language acquisition from the perspectives of both perceptual and productive competence. This ... More


Creating Language: Integrating Evolution, Acquisition, and Processing

Morten H. Christiansen and Nick Chater

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034319
eISBN:
9780262334778
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034319.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Language is a hallmark of the human species; the flexibility and unbounded expressivity of our linguistic abilities is unique in the biological world. In this book, Morten Christiansen and Nick ... More


Phonological Templates in Development

Marilyn May Vihman

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198793564
eISBN:
9780191835346
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793564.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

Based on cross-linguistic data from several children each learning one of eight languages and grounded in the theoretical frameworks of usage-based phonology, exemplar theory, and Dynamic Systems ... More


Verb meaning and argument structure constructions

William Croft

in Verbs: Aspect and Causal Structure

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199248582
eISBN:
9780191740657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248582.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

Chapter 9, “Verb meaning and argument structure constructions”, addresses the question of the relationship between the meaning of a verb and the meaning of the argument structure construction(s) it ... More


The mental corpus

John R Taylor

in The Mental Corpus: How language is represented in the mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199290802
eISBN:
9780191741388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290802.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The chapter summarizes the main findings, concerning speakers’ precise knowledge of a myriad of particular facts, their knowledge of frequencies, their sensitivity to contextual and incidental ... More


Constructions

John R Taylor

in The Mental Corpus: How language is represented in the mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199290802
eISBN:
9780191741388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290802.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Different understandings of ‘construction’ are discussed against the background of Cognitive Grammar. The chapter addresses the feasibility of construction-based grammars vis‐à‐vis rule‐based ... More


Changing Minds Changing Tools: From Learning Theory to Language Acquisition to Language Change

Vsevolod Kapatsinski

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037860
eISBN:
9780262346313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037860.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Language acquisition has often been approached as an isolated domain subject to its own laws and driven by its own mechanisms. The working hypothesis of this book is that language acquisition is ... More


Comparing Languages

Clifton Pye

in The Comparative Method of Language Acquisition Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226481289
eISBN:
9780226481319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226481319.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

This book discusses the comparative method of language acquisition research and its use in conducting a comprehensive crosslinguistic analysis that demonstrates how an analysis of one part of the ... More


Recursion as a Usage-Based Skill

Morten H. Christiansen and Nick Chater

in Creating Language: Integrating Evolution, Acquisition, and Processing

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034319
eISBN:
9780262334778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034319.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The experience-based approach to language processing suggests that our ability to generate complex syntactic structures may emerge gradually, construction by construction. This contrasts with most ... More


Constructionalization and Constructional Changes

Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Graeme Trousdale

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679898
eISBN:
9780191760075
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679898.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

A constructionalist approach to language change is proposed, with focus on the development of signs in a usage-based model. The book's explore the interconnections between grammatical and lexical ... More


Whole-word phonology: Historical and theoretical overview

Marilyn May Vihman

in Phonological Templates in Development

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198793564
eISBN:
9780191835346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793564.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter provides a historical overview of the ideas underlying ‘whole-word phonology’, from the 1970s to the present. The importance of a prosodic (syntagmatic) analysis is grounded in the ideas ... More


A Usage-Based Approach to Sign Change

Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Graeme Trousdale

in Constructionalization and Constructional Changes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679898
eISBN:
9780191760075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679898.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter elaborates on the theoretical underpinnings of usage-based perspectives on language and language change. The consequences of conceptualizing the language system as a network are ... More


The relevance of introspective data

Frederick J. Newmeyer

in Linguistic Intuitions: Evidence and Method

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198840558
eISBN:
9780191876240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198840558.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Introspective judgments of acceptability have long been criticized for being both inconsistent and irrelevant. A number of publications have addressed the former issue and have argued that such ... More


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