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Rural and Urban Income Inequality and Poverty: Does Convergence between Sectors Offset Divergence within Them?

Robert Eastwood and Michael Lipton

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Explores recent trends in developing and transitional economies in rural–urban, rural, and urban inequality of income and poverty risk, and the offsetting trends in inequality hypothesis (OTI), which ... More


Banished: The New Social Control In Urban America

Katherine Beckett and Steve Herbert

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195395174
eISBN:
9780199943319
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395174.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

With urban poverty rising and affordable housing disappearing, the homeless and other “disorderly” people continue to occupy public space in many American cities. Concerned about the alleged ill ... More


The Changing Nature of Urban Poverty in China 1

Carl Riskin and Qin Gao

in Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines several different standards that have been used for defining and measuring urban poverty in China, and the resulting estimates of poverty rates and trends. The best estimates ... More


Introduction

Janet Y. Chen

in Guilty of Indigence: The Urban Poor in China, 1900-1953

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152103
eISBN:
9781400839988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152103.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This introductory chapter briefly illustrates what life was like for the urban poor in Republican-era China. It also traces the changes in attitudes about “poverty” and the policies enacted for its ... More


Comparison of Cities

Samuel Paul, Kala Seetharam Sridhar, A. Venugopala Reddy, and Pavan Srinath

in The State of Our Cities: Evidence from Karnataka

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198080381
eISBN:
9780199081622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198080381.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter compares the 15 cities of Karnataka selected for this study, along the following themes: governance (organizational features, elected bodies, staffing); demographics (population, density ... More


Urban poverty in China: incidence and policy responses1

Athar Hussain

in World poverty: New policies to defeat an old enemy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861343956
eISBN:
9781447304340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861343956.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter describes new research on urban poverty in China, which has the largest population in the world. It sets out to answer two sets of questions. First, how many urban poor are there in ... More


Guilty of Indigence: The Urban Poor in China, 1900-1953

Janet Y. Chen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152103
eISBN:
9781400839988
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152103.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

In the early twentieth century, a time of political fragmentation and social upheaval in China, poverty became the focus of an anguished national conversation about the future of the country. ... More


Globalization and the Urban Poor

Janice E. Perlman

in The Poor under Globalization in Asia, Latin America, and Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199584758
eISBN:
9780191594533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584758.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

The focus of this chapter is the effect of contemporary globalization on poverty and inequality in cities of the ‘global south’. Specifically it addresses the impact of globalization on marginalized ... More


Mixed-Income Development in Context: Urban Poverty, Community Development, and the Transformation of Public Housing

Robert J. Chaskin and Mark L. Joseph

in Integrating the Inner City: The Promise and Perils of Mixed-Income Public Housing Transformation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226164397
eISBN:
9780226303901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226303901.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter places public housing reform policies like the Plan for Transformation in Chicago and HOPE VI (and its successor Choice Neighborhoods) at the national level in the broader historical ... More


The Face of Urban Poverty: Explaining the Prevalence of Slums in Developing Countries

Ben C. Arimah

in Urbanization and Development: Multidisciplinary Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590148
eISBN:
9780191595493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590148.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

One of the most visible manifestations of urban poverty in developing countries is the proliferation of slums. While attention has focused on the rapid pace of urbanization as the major factor ... More


The Promise and Perils of Mixed-Income Public Housing Transformation

Robert J. Chaskin and Mark L. Joseph

in Integrating the Inner City: The Promise and Perils of Mixed-Income Public Housing Transformation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226164397
eISBN:
9780226303901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226303901.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

In this final chapter, we draw some broad conclusions about mixed-income public housing reform in Chicago, explore what they suggest regarding the promise and perils of this approach as a response to ... More


Integrating the Inner City: The Promise and Perils of Mixed-Income Public Housing Transformation

Robert J. Chaskin and Mark L. Joseph

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226164397
eISBN:
9780226303901
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226303901.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This book examines the intent, implementation, and emerging outcomes of Chicago’s Plan for Transformation, the largest and most extensive effort in the country to deconcentrate poverty by ... More


The Specter of "the People": Urban Poverty in Northeast China

Mun Young Cho

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451652
eISBN:
9780801467431
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451652.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Despite massive changes to its economic policies, China continues to define itself as socialist; since 1949 and into the present, the Maoist slogan “Serve the People” has been a central point of ... More


New urban poverty and new welfare provision: China’s dibao system

Ming Yan

in The shame of it: Global perspectives on anti-poverty policies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781447308713
eISBN:
9781447312093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447308713.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter begins with a focus on the historical context for China’s policymaking domain – China’s structural transition since the mid-1980s from a command- to a market economy. As a result, it ... More


Urban China: The Forgotten Corners

Zhaohui Hong

in The Price of China's Economic Development: Power, Capital, and the Poverty of Rights

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813161150
eISBN:
9780813161181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813161150.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Drawing on theories of social exclusion, capability, and civil rights, chapter 4 develops a concept—the poverty of rights—for the causal analysis of poverty. It argues that deficiency of economic ... More


On the Border between “the People” and “the Population”

Mun Young Cho

in The Specter of "the People": Urban Poverty in Northeast China

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451652
eISBN:
9780801467431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451652.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter delves into the contestation between the poor and government officials over the management of urban poverty by focusing on the actual workings of the minimum livelihood guarantee (zuidi ... More


Conclusion

Mun Young Cho

in The Specter of "the People": Urban Poverty in Northeast China

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451652
eISBN:
9780801467431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451652.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This concluding chapter illustrates how questions about the personal experience of poverty often overlap with very different questions about how to overcome the nation's poverty through continuous ... More


The Historian and the Icon: Photography and the History of the American People in the 1930s and 1940s

Lawrence W. Levine

in The Unpredictable Past: Explorations in American Cultural History

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195082975
eISBN:
9780199854035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082975.003.0013
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The chapter discusses the impact of photographs as compared to isolated shots. The series of pictures taken were among the best-known representations of the Depression. Photographic images do not ... More


Abandoned in the Heartland: Work, Family, and Living in East St. Louis

Jennifer Hamer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520269316
eISBN:
9780520950177
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520269316.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Urban poverty, along with all of its poignant manifestations, is moving from city centers to working-class and industrial suburbs in contemporary America, and nowhere is this more evident than in ... More


Family Composition and the “Underclass” Debate

Donna L. Franklin and Angela D. James

in Ensuring Inequality: The Structural Transformation of the African-American Family, Revised Edition

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199374878
eISBN:
9780190254186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199374878.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity, Marriage and the Family

Chapter 8 details the retreat from the civil right movement era of political and social advances for African Americans and highlights the demographic indicators of the intensification of poverty ... More


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