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Summary

Thomas Elmqvist

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0029
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This section has examined how urban ecosystems work, how they change, and what limits their performance; how the constantly evolving urban landscapes around the world result in human modifications, ... More


Summary

Jürgen H. Breuste

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This section has provided an overview of the basic physical elements of urban ecosystems: climate, water, and soil. It has discussed the impact of human activities on these elements and how they are ... More


The History of Urban Ecology: An Ecologist’s Perspective

Mark J. McDonnell

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Urban ecology emerged as a sub-discipline of ecology in the early 1970s due, in part, to the fact that human impacts on the planet were becoming well documented and the growing size of human ... More


The Urban Landscape as a Social-Ecological System for Governance of Ecosystem Services

Christine Alfsen, Ashley Duval, and Thomas Elmqvist

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0026
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Today, cities are facing enormous challenges, e.g. climate change and transformation to a future beyond fossil fuels. Urban ecosystems generate ecosystem services, many of which are crucial for the ... More


Ecosystem Services: What’s Nature—Including Humans—Got to Offer?

Marianne E. Krasny and Keith G. Tidball

in Civic Ecology: Adaptation and Transformation from the Ground Up

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028653
eISBN:
9780262327169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028653.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Ecosystem services are such things as food, fuel, pollination, recycling wastes to form soil, and recreational opportunities—the services nature provides to humans. Scientists first offered the ... More


Artificial Ecosystems

Tee L. Guidotti

in Health and Sustainability: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199325337
eISBN:
9780190238803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199325337.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Artificial ecosystems have some characteristics of natural ecosystems but are created and maintained by human beings. Artificial ecosystems are much simpler than natural ecosystems and are by far the ... More


Ecology of Urban Amphibians and Reptiles: Urbanophiles, Urbanophobes, and the Urbanoblivious

Bruce W. Grant, George Middendorf, Michael J. Colgan, Haseeb Ahmad, and Michael B. Vogel

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores how the ability of herpetofauna to persist and/or thrive in urban ecosystems is constrained by some of the very traits that characterise them, including relatively limited ... More


Concluding Remarks: The Way Forward for Urban Ecology

Jari Niemelä, Jürgen Breuste, Thomas Elmqvist, Glenn Guntenspergen, Philip James, and Nancy McIntyre

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0038
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book has shown that urban ecology is making considerable progress as a scientific discipline and has illustrated current research on how the urban landscape is affected by humans. It has also ... More


Summary

Glenn R. Guntenspergen

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This section has explored how the dynamics of urban landscapes influence vegetation and wildlife, the general patterns occurring in urban habitats, and the relationships and interactions existing in ... More


Introduction

Glenn R. Guntenspergen

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This section focuses on the adaptability of species to the abiotic conditions and built structures in urban environments, and how they are affected by human subsidies. It consists of five chapters ... More


City as Ecosystem: Changing Form, Function, and Governance of Urban Socio-Nature

Lindsay K. Campbell

in City of Forests, City of Farms: Sustainability Planning for New York City's Nature

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501707506
eISBN:
9781501714795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501707506.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This 5,000 word chapter brings together the political, discursive, and material threads to consider the “city of forests” and “city of farms” as two different assemblages. It explores these pieces of ... More


Introduction

Nancy E. McIntyre

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This section deals with ecology of cities, with an emphasis on processes that affect the biodiversity of flora and vegetation in urban environments. Adopting an explicitly taxonomic-centred view, it ... More


Hazardous Metropolis: Flooding and Urban Ecology in Los Angeles

Jared Orsi

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520238503
eISBN:
9780520930087
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520238503.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Although better known for its sunny skies, Los Angeles suffers from devastating flooding. This book explores a fascinating and little-known chapter in the city's history—the spectacular failures to ... More


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