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Respiration in aquatic photolithotrophs

John A. Raven and John Beardall

in Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527084
eISBN:
9780191713347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527084.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses respiratory processes in phytoplankton to demonstrate the range of respiratory processes found in phytoplankton, describe the functions of these individual pathways, and ... More


Respiration in aquatic protists

Tom Fenchel

in Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527084
eISBN:
9780191713347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527084.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter considers aspects of oxygen uptake in protists, emphasizing the coupling to energy metabolism. Microorganisms potentially grow very fast and so for growing cells, the largest part of ... More


Terrestrial animals Terrestrial animals

Timothy J. Bradley

in Animal Osmoregulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198569961
eISBN:
9780191728273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569961.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Terrestrial animals face extremely large gradients for the activity of water between their bodily fluids and the dry atmosphere that surrounds them. The capacity of air to hold water vapour varies ... More


Astrocyte Neurotransmitter Uptake

Raymond A. Swanson

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0027
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

The action of neurotransmitters can be terminated by cleavage, diffusion, binding, or cellular uptake. In some cases, uptake is accomplished by glial cells localized at or near the synapse. Glial ... More


Future Directions

Huatong Sun

in Cross-Cultural Technology Design: Creating Culture-Sensitive Technology for Local Users

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199744763
eISBN:
9780199932993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744763.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This concluding chapter suggests future directions for the research and practice of cross-cultural technology in a glocalization age. Centering on a dialogical approach, it analyzes what the ... More


Freedom of Illocution? Response to Daniel Jacobson

Rae Langton

in Sexual Solipsism: Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199247066
eISBN:
9780191594823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247066.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Jacobson argues that free speech does not include freedom of illocution, that pornography does not in any case silence women. Just as well, or rape would not count as rape, since a silenced woman ... More


Root Structure and Function

Joseph G. Dubrovsky and Gretchen B. North

in Cacti: Biology and Uses

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520231573
eISBN:
9780520927889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231573.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter examines the root biology of cacti, discussing root structure, growth, and development, and then exploring the functions of roots as organs for water, and mineral uptake and plant ... More


Hyper-regulators: life in fresh water Hyper-regulators: life in fresh water

Timothy J. Bradley

in Animal Osmoregulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198569961
eISBN:
9780191728273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569961.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Freshwater habitats are filled with abundant animal life from numerous phyla. Because the osmotic concentration of fresh water is extremely low compared to both extracellular and intracellular ... More


Membranes as sites of energy transduction Membranes as sites of energy transduction

Timothy J. Bradley

in Animal Osmoregulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198569961
eISBN:
9780191728273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569961.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Because membranes are impermeable to most solutes, gradients can be established and maintained between intra- and extracellular compartments. These gradients serve as forms of energy storage that can ... More


Imposed Silences and Shared Hermeneutical Responsibilities

José Medina

in The Epistemology of Resistance: Gender and Racial Oppression, Epistemic Injustice, and the Social Imagination

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199929023
eISBN:
9780199301522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929023.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops a contextualist approach to hermeneutical injustice that is pluralistic, interactive, and dynamic. First, I offer an expansion of Miranda Fricker’s analysis of silencing, ... More


Assessing the effect of changes in school-milk and school-meals policy over short periods of time

Roberto J. Rona and Susan Chinn

in The National Study of Health and Growth

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192629197
eISBN:
9780191723612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629197.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Changes in government policy on school milk led to funding for the NSHG. Hence, efforts were made to compare cohorts of children who had or had not received school milk at around seven years of age. ... More


General discussion I

Merton Sandler and Geralyn M. Collins

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses 5-HT uptake, platelets, and migraine. 5-HT (5-hydroxytryptamine; serotonin) has been studied in relation to migraine for about twenty years, but in relation to depression for ... More


Commercial aspects associated with bio-nanocomposites

Sunil P. Lonkar, A. Pratheep Kumar, and R. P Singh

in Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers: Synthesis, Properties, and Future Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199581924
eISBN:
9780191728853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581924.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Research and development of bio-nanocomposite materials for diverse applications in the field of materials science, life sciences, and nanotechnology is expected to grow in the next decade with the ... More


Provisioning and regulatory ecosystem service values in agriculture

Erik Nelson, Stanley Wood, Jawoo Koo, and Stephen Polasky

in Natural Capital: Theory and Practice of Mapping Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199588992
eISBN:
9780191774638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588992.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter, which describes methods for creating maps of agricultural yield and annual net revenues using publically available data, shows how to derive the marginal production value of changes in ... More


Experimental tests of the 5-HT receptor imbalance theory of affective disturbance

J. F. W. Deakin, F. S. Guimaraes, M. Wang, and R. Hensman

in 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Psychiatry: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192620118
eISBN:
9780191724725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192620118.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Symptoms of anxiety and depression usually coexist. Scores on anxiety rating scales strongly predict scores on depression rating scales. Symptoms of anxiety predict symptoms of depression. Symptoms ... More


Global Social Media Design: Bridging Differences Across Cultures

Huatong Sun

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190845582
eISBN:
9780190845612
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190845582.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Social media users fracture into tribes, but social media ecosystems are globally interconnected technically, socially, culturally, and economically. At the crossroads, Huatong Sun, author of ... More


Beyond Empathy and Inclusion: The Challenge of Listening in Democratic Deliberation

Mary F. Scudder

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780197535455
eISBN:
9780197535486
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197535455.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Beyond Empathy and Inclusion: The Challenge of Listening in Democratic Deliberation considers how to improve democracy under the politically divided conditions we currently face. The book argues that ... More


Environmental Biology

Park S. Nobel and Edward G. Bobich

in Cacti: Biology and Uses

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520231573
eISBN:
9780520927889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231573.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses gas exchange and other environmental responses of cacti. It focuses on net CO2 uptake and examines the influence of three key environmental factors—temperature, soil moisture, ... More


Poverty and the Black/White Placement Gap: Using Context to Understand the Role of Evidence-Based Interventions

Fred Wulczyn, Bridgette Lery, and Lonnie Snowden

in From Evidence to Outcomes in Child Welfare: An International Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199973729
eISBN:
9780199386703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199973729.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

The Multisite Evaluation of Foster Youth Programs represents the first attempt to evaluate independent living programs for children aging out of care using experimental methods. The chapter describes ... More


Chemical and Physical Modification of the Rhizosphere

Peter B. Tinker and Peter Nye

in Solute Movement in the Rhizosphere

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195124927
eISBN:
9780197561324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195124927.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

The term ‘rhizosphere’ tends to mean different things to different people. In discussing how a root affects the soil, it is well to bear in mind the spread of the zone being exploited for a ... More


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