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The Upper Class: Honour and Wealth

Ross McKibbin

in Classes and Cultures: England 1918-1951

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198206729
eISBN:
9780191677298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206729.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

For most of the period 1918–51, there was an English upper class, though it had no clear-cut boundaries. This chapter defines the upper class and examines how its members behaved towards each other ... More


ELITE EDUCATION AND MISSIONARIES

Robert Eric Frykenberg

in Christianity in India: From Beginnings to the Present

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198263777
eISBN:
9780191714191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263777.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter examines the establishment of modern English education in India. Today, India is second only to the United States as the largest English-speaking and English-reading country in the ... More


Trade, Liberty, and Empire: The Middle Classes to 1880

Bernard Porter

in The Absent-Minded Imperialists: Empire, Society, and Culture in Britain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199299591
eISBN:
9780191700927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299591.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

It is difficult to generalize about the middle classes in Britain. The term covers a wide range of very different interests, from professional people and great industrialists, through shopkeepers and ... More


The Transition of Babylonia from the Neo-Babylonian Empire to Achaemenid Rule

Michael Jursa

in Regime Change in the Ancient Near East and Egypt: From Sargon of Agade to Saddam Hussein

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263907
eISBN:
9780191734687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263907.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the aftermath of the Persian conquest of Babylonia in the sixth century BCE. It explores the relationship of the Iranian rulers and the indigenous Babylonian urban upper class ... More


Conclusion

Ross McKibbin

in Classes and Cultures: England 1918-1951

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198206729
eISBN:
9780191677298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206729.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

This book has sought to analyse English society and its civil cultures at a peculiarly heightened and potentially transformative moment in England's history. This chapter brings together several ... More


The Antielitist Elite: The 1970s and Beyond

Clifton Hood

in In Pursuit of Privilege: A History of New York City's Upper Class and the Making of a Metropolis

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231172165
eISBN:
9780231542951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172165.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The cultural transformations of the 1960s and 1970s created problems and opportunities for elites. In these decades the upper- and middle classes went from being seen as the wellspring of social ... More


Class, Race, and Postsecondary Destinations in New Global Circumstances

Lois Weis, Kristin Cipollone, and Heather Jenkins

in Class Warfare: Class, Race, and College Admissions in Top-Tier Secondary Schools

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226134895
eISBN:
9780226135083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226135083.003.0007
Subject:
Education, Secondary Education

Here we take up three interrelated theoretical and empirical points, as follows: 1) Class formation in 21st century U.S., with specific focus on the power and complexities of race/ethnicity/national ... More


Conclusion: Landowners in Perspective

Roy Hora

in The Landowners of the Argentine Pampas: A Social and Political History 1860–1945

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208846
eISBN:
9780191678158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208846.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History

After mid-century, the Argentine pampas changed decisively, moving towards a capitalist organization of production based on the expansion of the pastoral economy. The acceleration of capitalist ... More


Who Were the OPs?

Marc Baer

in Theatre and Disorder in Late Georgian London

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198112501
eISBN:
9780191670787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112501.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Drama, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter discusses an analysis of the social composition and actions of the Old Price rioters, or OPs. The discussions in this chapter include an analysis of those who were arrested and the ... More


Moving the Needle

Nicholas Carnes

in The Cash Ceiling

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182001
eISBN:
9780691184203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182001.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the growing body of research on the oversized political influence of the upper class in American politics and the somewhat checkered recent history of conventional political ... More


Political Power

Chester G. Starr

in The Aristocratic Temper of Greek Civilization

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195074581
eISBN:
9780199854363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195074581.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter shows that aristocrats were politically essential, but they were also harnessed within the polis. The Greek upper classes might dress and otherwise live more elegantly than common folk, ... More


In Pursuit of Privilege: A History of New York City's Upper Class and the Making of a Metropolis

Clifton Hood

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231172165
eISBN:
9780231542951
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172165.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

A history that extends from the 1750s to the present, In Pursuit of Privilege recounts upper-class New Yorkers’ struggle to create a distinct world guarded against outsiders, even as economic growth ... More


: Defending the Citadel of Whiteness from the “Awful Stain”

Elizabeth M. Smith-Pryor

in Property Rites: The Rhinelander Trial, Passing, and the Protection of Whiteness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832684
eISBN:
9781469605906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807894170_smith-pryor.9
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the familial objections to the marriages of Leonard and that of his uncle William, who also married an Irish immigrant maid more than forty years earlier. These familial ... More


The 1790s: Prelude, Course, and Aftermath

THOMAS P. POWER

in Land, Politics, and Society in Eighteenth-Century Tipperary

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203162
eISBN:
9780191675768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203162.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on the impact political developments in the 1790s had on Tipperary. The 1790s was a decade of crisis in Irish society. Changes in legislation and in the political order occurred ... More


Egyptianizing Modernity through the ‘New Effendiya’: Social and Cultural Constructions of the Middle Class in Egypt under the Monarchy

Lucie Ryzova

in Re-Envisioning Egypt 1919-1952

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789774249006
eISBN:
9781617971006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774249006.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter begins with the investigation of the 1930s–40s new effendiya phenomenon, often portrayed as a newly urbanized and educated middle class, with more traditional approaches to religion and ... More


“Ice-cream Sundays”: Food and the Liminal Spaces of Class in Pollyanna

Samantha Christensen

in Eleanor H. Porter's Pollyanna: A Children's Classic at 100

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9781628461329
eISBN:
9781626740723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628461329.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter explores the link between food and class relations in Pollyanna to reveal the subtlety with which Eleanor Porter blurs the hierarchal divisions between rich and poor. It begins with the ... More


Economic Power

Chester G. Starr

in The Aristocratic Temper of Greek Civilization

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195074581
eISBN:
9780199854363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195074581.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

The economic strength of the Greek upper classes rested on one simple fact: they controlled the land. All across ancient history, the well-to-do were masters in their states or cities and were more ... More


Peasant and Empire in Christian North Africa

Leslie Dossey

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254398
eISBN:
9780520947771
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254398.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, African History: BCE to 500CE

This history foregrounds the most marginal sector of the Roman population—the provincial peasantry—to paint a picture of peasant society. Making use of detailed archaeological and textual evidence, ... More


A Language Based on Upper-Middle-Class Speech or Peasant Dialects? The Programmes Proposed by knud knudsen and ivar Aasen

Ernst Håkon Jahr

in Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment: The Case of Modern Norwegian

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780748637829
eISBN:
9781474400855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637829.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

From the middle of the 19th century onwards, the school master and grammarian Knud Knudsen (1812-95) promoted a language planning programme whereby the written Danish standard used in Norway at the ... More


The Middle Class and Mainstream Treatment

Cristopher D. Ringwald

in The Soul of Recovery: Uncovering the Spiritual Dimension in the Treatment of Addictions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195147681
eISBN:
9780199849338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147681.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

As several middle-class alcoholics or addicts have expressed that they do not believe that they need assistance, individualism as a belief is evident as people from all social and economic ... More


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