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Democracy as a Bayesian Persuader

Robert E. Goodin

in Reflective Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256174
eISBN:
9780191599354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256179.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Shows how Bayesian thinking should make democratic outcomes so rationally compelling. Bayes's formula provides a mathematical expression for specifying exactly how we ought rationally to update our a ... More


PARTIALLY DESCRIBED INVERSE EIGENVALUE PROBLEMS

Moody T. Chu and Gene H. Golub

in Inverse Eigenvalue Problems: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566649
eISBN:
9780191718021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566649.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

In practice, it is often the case that only partial information on eigenvalues and eigenvectors is available. In many cases, just a few eigenpairs can determine much of the desirable reconstruction. ... More


Updating

Jon Williamson

in In Defence of Objective Bayesianism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199228003
eISBN:
9780191711060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228003.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

The goal of this chapter is to respond to a criticism of objective Bayesianism that concerns the updating of degrees of belief. Objective Bayesianism has often been dismissed on account of ... More


Introduction. The Scope and Content of Biblical Law as a Factor in the Emergence of Exegesis

Michael Fishbane

in Biblical Interpretation in Ancient Israel

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198266990
eISBN:
9780191600593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198266995.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Introduction to the unit on legal exegesis begins with a presentation of the scope and content of Biblical law as a factor in the emergence of exegesis. Such factors as verbal, semantic, and ... More


The American National Election Studies and the Importance of New Ideas

Jon A. Krosnick and Arthur Lupia

in Improving Public Opinion Surveys: Interdisciplinary Innovation and the American National Election Studies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151458
eISBN:
9781400840298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151458.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explains the introduction of certain changes to the ANES, in response to the National Science Foundation's 2004 challenge to the scholarly community to update the ANES in ways that would ... More


Managing the Global Commons: Principles and Practice

Graciela Chichilnisky

in Global Environmental Commons: Analytical and Political Challenges in Building Governance Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656202
eISBN:
9780191742149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656202.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter proposes the creation of global market mechanisms to forestall the rapid and possibly irreversible loss of species and ecosystems. Several distinct mechanisms are proposed here, each ... More


 Supposing, Updating, and Reflection

Wolfgang Spohn

in The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Like conditional probability, conditional belief is not easy to understand. The chapter argues that conditional belief is best interpreted as suppositional belief. This raises the question of how ... More


Everett and Evidence

Hilary Greaves and Wayne Myrvold

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Much of the evidence for quantum mechanics is statistical in nature. Relative frequency data summarizing the results of repeated experiments is compared to probabilities calculated from the theory; ... More


Strategic Asset Allocation in Continuous Time

John Y. Campbell and Luis M. Viceira

in Strategic Asset Allocation: Portfolio Choice for Long-Term Investors

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296942
eISBN:
9780191596049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296940.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Discusses solution methods for dynamic asset allocation problems in a continuous‐time framework, and uses them to explore optimal portfolio choice with time‐varying volatility and with parameter ... More


Contradictory enactments and updating construction

F. A. R. Bennion

in Understanding Common Law Legislation: Drafting and Interpretation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199564101
eISBN:
9780191705465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564101.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter deals with the other two reasons for a strained construction, repugnance, and updating. ‘Repugnance’ is the reason for a strained construction covered in this chapter. Conflicting texts ... More


Permission and (So‐Called Epistemic) Possibility

Stephen Yablo

in Modality: Metaphysics, Logic, and Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199565818
eISBN:
9780191722004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565818.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

David Lewis in ‘A Problem About Permission’ asks about the effect on context of permitting the previously forbidden. The set of permissible worlds expands, but how? One can ask in a similar vein ... More


Evidential Probability

Timothy Williamson

in Knowledge and its Limits

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256563
eISBN:
9780191598678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925656X.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter bases a theory of evidential probability on the equation of knowledge with evidence. It is a form of objective rather than subjective Bayesianism. Updating on new evidence is structured ... More


Updating, Supposing, and MAXENT

Brian Skyrms

in From Zeno to Arbitrage: Essays on Quantity, Coherence, and Induction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652808
eISBN:
9780191745829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652808.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Is minimizing the Kullback-Leibler divergence subject to a constraint a rule of inductive inference, as some have proposed. This chapter suggests that it is better seen as a method for counterfactual ... More


Word Games Last Forever

Ian Bogost

in How To Talk About Videogames

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780816699117
eISBN:
9781452952406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816699117.003.0019
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter discusses the idea of “cadence,” continuous updates to games. Cadence is much more useful to mobile games than it would be to games like Chess or Scrabble. Bogost talks about the way ... More


Micro-Blogging and Status Updates on Facebook: Texts and Practices

Carmen K. M. Lee

in Digital Discourse: Language in the New Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199795437
eISBN:
9780199919321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795437.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter examines the text-making practices of one of the newest media, micro-blogging (web-based self-reporting in the form of short messages). It focuses on status updates on Facebook written ... More


The Semantics of Evidentials

Sarah E. Murray

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199681570
eISBN:
9780191760952
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199681570.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This book gives a compositional, truth‐conditional, crosslinguistic semantics for evidentials set in a theory of the semantics for sentential mood. Central to this semantics is a proposal about a ... More


Bibliographical Update: Women, Politics, and Culture in Latin America

Emilie Bergmann, Greenberg Janet, Gwen Kirkpatrick, Francine Masiello, Francesca Miller, Morello-Frosch Marta, Kathleen Newman, and Mary Louise Pratt

in Women, Culture, and Politics in Latin America

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520065536
eISBN:
9780520909076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520065536.003.0012
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This bibliography of some six hundred entries has two relatively modest aims. First, it includes a list of bibliographical works relevant to the study of women, politics, and culture in Latin ... More


Developmental and Computational Approaches to Variation in Working Memory

Yuko Munakata, J. Bruce Morton, and Randall C. O'Reilly

in Variation in Working Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195168648
eISBN:
9780199847297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168648.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers the working memory processes that contribute to the ability to handle tasks and differences that lead to variations in these working memory processes. Two processes are focused ... More


The Protection of Information Assets

MICHAEL SPENCE

in Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198765011
eISBN:
9780191695278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198765011.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter discusses the requirements for a successful action to protect confidential information — the type and confidentiality of information, circumstances importing an obligation of confidence, ... More


Designing Genetic Algorithms to Solve GIS Problems

Dirk Thierens and Mark De Berg

in Spatial Evolutionary Modeling

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135688
eISBN:
9780197561621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135688.003.0014
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

What makes a problem hard for a genetic algorithm (GA)? How does one need to design a GA to solve a problem satisfactorily? How does the designer include ... More


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