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Frequency learning and order effects in belief updating

Martin Baumann and Josef F. Krems

in Etc. Frequency Processing and Cognition

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508632
eISBN:
9780191687365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508632.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Studies on frequency processing suggest that people can process frequency information automatically and can use this information in judgement task quite accurately. This chapter examines whether ... More


Problems for Credulism

James Pryor

in Seemings and Justification: New Essays on Dogmatism and Phenomenal Conservatism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199899494
eISBN:
9780199367719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899494.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

The recent rise of dogmatism has been challenged by Bayesian epistemology on various grounds. Here I use the notion of undermining defeat as a way to evaluate the problems Bayesians offers to ... More


How Could We Get Nosology from Computation?

Christoph Mathys

in Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Psychiatry has found it difficult to develop a nosology that allows for the targeted treatment of disorders of the mind. This article sets out a possible way forward: harnessing systems theory to ... More


A Brutal Logic

John W. Schiemann

in Does Torture Work?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190262365
eISBN:
9780190262396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190262365.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Theory

If interrogational torture is to work the way its proponents claim, then it must follow a brutal cost – benefit, pain – information logic. This chapter works through this brutal logic, solving for ... More


The Epistemic Innocence of Optimistically Biased Beliefs

Lisa Bortolotti, Magdalena Antrobus, and Ema Sullivan-Bissett

in Reasoning: New Essays on Theoretical and Practical Thinking

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198791478
eISBN:
9780191876844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791478.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Optimistically biased beliefs are beliefs about oneself that are more positive than is warranted by the evidence. Optimistically biased beliefs are the result of the influence of cognitive and ... More


Why Information Sellers May Lie

Miklos Sarvary

in Gurus and Oracles: The Marketing of Information

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016940
eISBN:
9780262301176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016940.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter examines the distortions in the quality of information, particularly those caused by the biases and “herding” by information providers. It analyzes under what conditions and for what ... More


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