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Theory and Truth: Philosophical Critique within Foundational Science

Lawrence Sklar

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251575
eISBN:
9780191598449
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251576.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Sceptics have often cast doubt on the legitimacy of claims to the effect that our best scientific theories are true. One ground for such scepticism is the fact that our theories advert to the ... More


Conclusions

Lawrence Sklar

in Theory and Truth: Philosophical Critique within Foundational Science

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251575
eISBN:
9780191598449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251576.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Abstract, philosophical scepticism about the truth of theories can rest on doubts about positing unobservables, doubts arising out of the role played by idealization in theories, and doubts arising ... More


Unobserved Heterogeneity

Manuel Arellano

in Panel Data Econometrics

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199245284
eISBN:
9780191602481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245282.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Unobserved heterogeneity is one instance in where correlation between observables and unobservables may be expected. This has been a pervasive problem in cross-sectional analysis. A major motivation ... More


Second philosophy of science

Penelope Maddy

in Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199273669
eISBN:
9780191706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter returns to the compare-and-contrast approach of Part I, focusing this time on van Fraassen's constructive empiricism. The constructive empiricist holds that no evidence can support the ... More


Scientific Realism *

Michael Devitt

in Putting Metaphysics First: Essays on Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280803
eISBN:
9780191723254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280803.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues for scientific realism. Scientific realism is primarily a metaphysical doctrine about the existence and nature of the unobservables of science. There are good explanationist ... More


Theory and Truth

Lawrence Sklar

in Theory and Truth: Philosophical Critique within Foundational Science

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251575
eISBN:
9780191598449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251576.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Sceptics base their claims against taking our best scientific theories as true on several grounds: the positing of unobservable entities and features in these theories, the idealizations made in ... More


Ontological Elimination

Lawrence Sklar

in Theory and Truth: Philosophical Critique within Foundational Science

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251575
eISBN:
9780191598449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251576.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Although science often posits new entities and features of the world, scientific progress is also made by moves that eliminate previously posited features. Such eliminativist programme within science ... More


Unobservables

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Simon Flexner and Hideyo Noguchi’s work discusses venom research from the perspective of immunology. They could draw on a much broader pool of resources than Mitchell had available—conceptual, ... More


Idealism vindicated

Michael Pelczar

in Sensorama: A Phenomenalist Analysis of Spacetime and Its Contents

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198732655
eISBN:
9780191796883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732655.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The most important challenges to idealism are: (1) the problem of unusual origins—no amount of phenomenological potential is sufficient for the existence of ordinary physical things, since we can ... More


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