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Aristotle the Platonist

Lloyd P. Gerson

in Platonism and Naturalism: The Possibility of Philosophy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501747250
eISBN:
9781501747267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747250.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter evaluates the contributions of Aristotle to the completion of the Platonic project. Although it is undeniably true that Aristotle dissented from many claims made by Plato, it focuses on ... More


Completing the Argument that Locomotion Requires an External and Unmoved Mover: De Motu Animalium 4–5

Benjamin Morison

in Aristotle's De motu animalium: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198835561
eISBN:
9780191873188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835561.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This contribution comments on Aristotle’s De Motu Animalium 4–5 (MA 4–5). In these chapters Aristotle points out, among other things, that the earth is at the centre of the universe, but the force it ... More


The Problem with God

Peter J. Steinberger

in The Problem with God: Why Atheists, True Believers, and Even Agnostics Must All Be Wrong

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163545
eISBN:
9780231535205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163545.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book offers a philosophical reflection on the existence—and nonexistence—of God. It argues that talking about God is like talking about nothing at all. It starts with the fact that most human ... More


Unmoved Mover or Running Tally?: Ambivalence and the Dynamic Nature of Partisanship

Howard G. Lavine, Christopher D. Johnston, and Marco R. Steenbergen

in The Ambivalent Partisan: How Critical Loyalty Promotes Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199772759
eISBN:
9780199979622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772759.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

There is a long-running debate in political science about the nature and functioning of mass partisanship. The traditional conceptualization holds that partisan identity is the most stable and ... More


The Inner Resting Point and the Common Cause of Animal Motion: De Motu Animalium 1

Christof Rapp

in Aristotle's De motu animalium: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198835561
eISBN:
9780191873188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835561.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This contribution comments on Aristotle’s De Motu Animalium 1 (MA 1). In this chapter Aristotle gives a general introduction to the treatise, posing the question of what the common cause or ... More


The System of Physics

Dmitri Nikulin

in Neoplatonism in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190662363
eISBN:
9780190662394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662363.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 10 considers the structure of Proclus’ rarely discussed Elements of Physics and its original contribution to the understanding of physics in antiquity. It is argued that the purpose of the ... More


Aristotle and the Discovery of Efficient Causation

Thomas M. Tuozzo

in Efficient Causation: A History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199782185
eISBN:
9780199395583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782185.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Aristotle’s efficient cause differs radically from the mechanistic causes characteristic both of his atomist predecessors and of the post-Aristotelian science of the seventeenth century. Like ... More


Optimism and Self-Devaluation #1: Aristotle

Mor Segev

in The Value of the World and of Oneself: Philosophical Optimism and Pessimism from Aristotle to Modernity

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780197634073
eISBN:
9780197634103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197634073.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter expounds on Aristotle’s optimistic theory. Despite opposing views, the “magnanimous” person, for Aristotle, is the philosopher. That person comes to devalue humanity and devotes her life ... More


The Impossible Dream

Peter J. Steinberger

in The Problem with God: Why Atheists, True Believers, and Even Agnostics Must All Be Wrong

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163545
eISBN:
9780231535205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163545.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that it is impossible to believe in God and also impossible to disbelieve in God, because the question of God is impossible to ask. It first explains the meaning of “impossible” ... More


Even If the Flesh is Willing

Peter J. Steinberger

in The Problem with God: Why Atheists, True Believers, and Even Agnostics Must All Be Wrong

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163545
eISBN:
9780231535205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163545.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the notion of God-as-spirit, first proposed by the Reverend Samuel Clarke, and its flaws. Clarke, an important English thinker of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth ... More


Atheism …

Peter J. Steinberger

in The Problem with God: Why Atheists, True Believers, and Even Agnostics Must All Be Wrong

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163545
eISBN:
9780231535205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163545.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter refutes the atheist's claim that God doesn't exist. Under the logic of cause and effect, the world, if it exists, must have had a cause. The existence of the world absolutely requires ... More


The Unchangeable Necessary Being

Leslie Stevenson

in Eighteen Takes on God: A Short Guide for Those Who Are Still Perplexed

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190066109
eISBN:
9780190066130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190066109.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In medieval times a metaphysical conception of God was developed from Greek and Islamic ideas. According to this, God is the unchangeable necessary being who is the ultimate cause for everything that ... More


Afterword: not Enough?

Peter J. Steinberger

in The Problem with God: Why Atheists, True Believers, and Even Agnostics Must All Be Wrong

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163545
eISBN:
9780231535205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163545.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This afterword recommends additional reading materials that provide a more extensive introduction to idea that God does or does not exist. A good place to begin would be Book Lambda of Aristotle's ... More


Love and Stress

Gwenda-lin Grewal

in Thinking of Death in Plato's Euthydemus: A Close Reading and New Translation

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
April 2022
ISBN:
9780192849571
eISBN:
9780191944673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192849571.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

Socrates is moved by the daimonion to not act, which causes a chain of reactions in the others who gather around. Euthydemus and Dionysodorus, too, elicit a reaction in their interlocutors by way of ... More


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