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Unmarried Motherhood in ‘Family Britain’: Challenging Bowlby

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History

After the war still high levels of unmarried motherhood and cohabitation and many mothers still lived with their parents in an atmosphere of tolerance but secrecy. Harder for mothers on their own to ... More


The Permissive Society? Unmarried Motherhood in the 1960s

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0007
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Questions how much changed and why. Most changes were from the later 1960s: liberal legislation (e.g., divorce reform, legal abortion), the pill, increased divorce, open cohabitation, births outside ... More


Secrets and Lies: Being and Becoming an Unmarried Mother in Early Twentieth-Century England 1

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Points out how many ‘illegitimate’ children were born between the 1830s and 1930s, but that we don't know how many stayed with their mothers. It outlines the variety of ways they stayed together: for ... More


The Second World War: Another Moral Panic

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0004
Subject:
History, Cultural History

‘Illegitimacy’ increased again during the Second World War, causing another moral panic about rampant sexuality among young people. Official statistics showed reality: pre-marital pregnancy was ... More


Single mothers and institutionalisation

Donnacha Seán Lucey

in The End of the Irish Poor Law?: Welfare and healthcare reform in revolutionary and independent Ireland

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719087578
eISBN:
9781526104014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719087578.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the institutionalisation of unmarried mothers during the Free State. It explores the place of a range of institutions including county homes, Magdalen laundries and mother and ... More


Between the Wars

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

How unmarried mothers and their children survived in interwar Britain. This chapter describes how difficult it was for women to obtain maintenance from the father through the courts. It emphasizes ... More


Unmarried Mothers in the ‘Welfare State’

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Real improvements for poorer unmarried mothers in the Welfare State created by the post-war Labour Government, building on the wartime experience of inadequate public services for mothers and ... More


A Finer Future?

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0008
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The first thorough account of the work of the Finer Committee on One-Parent Families, set up by the Labour Government in 1969, reported in 1974. The most detailed study, then or since, of the past ... More


The Struggle Continues: 1980s–90s

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0009
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Continuing difficulties for unmarried mothers and their children despite improvements. Margaret Thatcher's Conservative Governments, cuts to welfare, pressure on mothers to work, but childcare hard ... More


Introduction

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The Introduction introduces two main themes; first, the experiences of and attitudes to unmarried mothers and their children in twentieth-century England stressing the diversity of those experiences ... More


Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This is the first attempt to describe the real lives of unmarried mothers, and attitudes to them, in England from the First World War to the present. We focus on England because the legal position, ... More


The End of the Irish Poor Law?: Welfare and healthcare reform in revolutionary and independent Ireland

Donnacha Seán Lucey

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719087578
eISBN:
9781526104014
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719087578.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book explores welfare provision in Ireland from the revolutionary period to the 1940s, This work is a significant addition to the growing historiography of twentieth-century Ireland which moves ... More


‘Truly it Felt Like Year One’: The English Sexual Revolution

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0014
Subject:
History, Social History

The availability of the Pill precipitated a transformation in sexual mores. It involved three innovations: reliability, widespread publicity, and large-scale modern distribution. Rising rates of ... More


Into the Twenty-First Century: Progress?

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0010
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Labour won the 1997 election. Attacks on lone mothers ceased. Benefits, assistance into work and training, and availability of childcare gradually improved, as did the employment situation and the ... More


Single Mothers and Prostitutes

Virginia Crossman

in Poverty and the Poor Law in Ireland 1850-1914

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781846319419
eISBN:
9781781381014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846319419.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

During the second half of the nineteenth century poor law guardians and officials increasingly found themselves catering for people whose conduct or lifestyle had excluded them from respectable ... More


Tough Choices: Bearing an Illegitimate Child in Japan

Ekaterina Hertog

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761291
eISBN:
9780804772396
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761291.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

As is the case in Western industrialized countries, Japan is seeing a rise in the number of unmarried couples, later marriages, and divorces. What sets Japan apart, however, is that the percentage of ... More


At All Costs: George Moore's Esther Waters

Rachel Bowlby

in A Child of One's Own: Parental Stories

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199607945
eISBN:
9780191760518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199607945.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

George Moore's novel of 1894 charts the struggles of a poor young woman to maintain her illegitimate child, initially by working as a wet-nurse (while her own baby is farmed out elsewhere) and later ... More


The Liberation of Sex, Onna, and Eros: The Movement and the Politics of Collective Subjectivity

Setsu Shigematsu

in Scream from the Shadows: The Women's Liberation Movement in Japan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816667581
eISBN:
9781452946931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816667581.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses Ūman ribu’s representative campaigns on abortion and unmarried mothers, emphasizing ribu’s core concepts on the liberation of sex, onna, and eros. It focuses on the works of ... More


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