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Chance, Nécessité, et Naïveté: Ingredients to Create a New Organizational Form

Walter W. Powell and Kurt Sandholtz

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter analyzes the early years of the first generation of biotechnology companies. The setting is the 1970s, a time when landmark scientific discoveries in molecular biology triggered all ... More


The Link between Vocational Training and Higher Education in Switzerland, Austria, and Germany

Rita Nikolai and Christian Ebner

in The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599431
eISBN:
9780191731518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599431.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

In recent years, Germany, Austria, and Switzerland have adopted different strategies to increase permeability between dual vocational training and higher education. Germany relies on the ... More


“No Need Cement”

Barbara Goldoftas

in The Green Tiger: The Costs of Ecological Decline in the Philippines

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195135114
eISBN:
9780199868216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135114.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Modern History

In the mid-1990s, a proposal by the Pangasinan Cement Corporation to build a cement plant and sprawling industrial center in Bolinao, Pangasinan, split the fishing town, which is the home of the ... More


The Urban University as Community Service Institution: Pennsylvania in the Era of Gaylord P. Harnwell

Ethan Schrum

in The Instrumental University: Education in Service of the National Agenda after World War II

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501736643
eISBN:
9781501736650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501736643.003.0004
Subject:
Education, History of Education

Chapter 3 portrays Gaylord P. Harnwell’s effort to make the University of Pennsylvania (Penn) a “community service institution,” in part by stimulating Philadelphia’s economic development. Penn’s ... More


The Economics of University Science and the Role of Foreign Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars

Grant C. Black and Paula E. Stephan

in American Universities in a Global Market

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226110448
eISBN:
9780226110455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226110455.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Universities play an important role in the production of knowledge in the United States. Research is often performed with the assistance of graduate students, postdoctoral scholars, and staff ... More


| 1794–6 | 1794–6 A University without Science

Dan C. Christensen

in Hans Christian Ørsted: Reading Nature's Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199669264
eISBN:
9780191748745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669264.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The two brothers arrive in Copenhagen and enrol at the University, Hans Christian to specialize in physics and chemistry, although these disciplines were only taught as auxiliary subjects at the ... More


The (Changing) Knowledge Production Function: Evidence from the MIT Department of Biology for 1970–2000

Annamaria Conti and Christopher C. Liu

in The Changing Frontier: Rethinking Science and Innovation Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226286723
eISBN:
9780226286860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226286860.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Considerable attention has been focused, in recent years, on the role that graduate and postdoc students play in the production of academic knowledge. Using data from the MIT Department of Biology ... More


Winds of Change Begin to Blow (Stints of Madhavrao Scindia and S.R. Bommai)

R.V. Vaidyanatha Ayyar

in History of Education Policymaking in India, 1947-2016

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780199474943
eISBN:
9780199090891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199474943.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter describes how the Indian education system began to undergo a systemic transformation from 1990s, how ‘international’ schools made their appearance, how private-unaided institutions ... More


The Organization of Medical Schools After 1950

William G. Rothstein

in American Medical Schools and the Practice of Medicine: A History

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195041866
eISBN:
9780197559994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195041866.003.0021
Subject:
Education, History of Education

Between 1950 and 1980, state and federal funding made higher education a major component of American society in terms of the number of institutions, students, and faculty members; the range of ... More


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