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THE DILEMMA AS REGARDS PERSONAL NEUTRALITY

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0030
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter sets out the second dilemma or conflict between the rationalist aim of having rational attitudes and the satisfactionalist aim of fulfilment-maximization. Since it has been found that ... More


Kantian Consequentialism

David Cummiskey

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195094534
eISBN:
9780199833146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195094530.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Kantians and Consequentialists alike have presumed that Kantian ethics is incompatible with all forms of consequentialism, and that it instead justifies a system of agent‐centered restrictions, or ... More


Sorting Out Ethics

R. M. Hare

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250326
eISBN:
9780191597602
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250320.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is divided into three parts: in Part I, R. M. Hare offers a justification for the use of philosophy of language in the treatment of moral questions, together with an overview of his moral ... More


Gewirth and the Project of Entailment

Margaret Moore

in Foundations of Liberalism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198273851
eISBN:
9780191599934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198273851.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the Kantian argument put forward by Alan Gewirth in Reason and Morality, that morality, which is identified with liberal principles of justice, is entailed in the standpoint of ... More


Self-Improvement: An Essay in Kantian Ethics

Robert N. Johnson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599349
eISBN:
9780191731556
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599349.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Is there any moral obligation to improve oneself, to foster and develop various capacities in oneself? From a broadly Kantian point of view, Self-Improvement defends the view that there is such an ... More


The Foundations of the Rule of Law as a Moral Ideal

Raymond Plant

in The Neo-liberal State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199281756
eISBN:
9780191713040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281756.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Given that the rule of law as embodied in the basic nomocratic order of the neo‐liberal state is based upon a moral ideal, and given that these rules as constitutional rules can be seen as a ... More


Introduction. Autonomy: Specification of a Term, Recognition of a Problem

Katerina Deligiorgi

in The Scope of Autonomy: Kant and the Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646159
eISBN:
9780191741142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646159.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 1 is introductory; it aims to locate the central concepts, ideas, and questions that arise in the context of current debates about autonomy. This chapter provides the basic Kantian ... More


Freedom as Constraint: The Morality of Autonomy

Katerina Deligiorgi

in The Scope of Autonomy: Kant and the Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646159
eISBN:
9780191741142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646159.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 4 draws some of the broader consequences of the anti-naturalist assumptions of the theory of autonomy defended here, by looking both at alternative readings of Kant and at broader questions ... More


Indexicality, Universalizability, and the Range of Reasons

John Skorupski

in The Domain of Reasons

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199587636
eISBN:
9780191595394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587636.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the distinction between neutral and relative reasons and considers the universalisability and range of reasons. Reasons are universal: they apply to all actors. But over what ... More


Epistemic Universalizability Principles

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the notion of an epistemic universalizability principle, a principle which might well underwrite an epistemic closure principle. It is argued that closure cannot be derived ... More


Schopenhauer’s Anti-Kantian Account of Morality

Barbara Hannan

in The Riddle of the World: A Reconsideration of Schopenhauer's Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378948
eISBN:
9780199869589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378948.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter gives an overview of Kant's ethical theory, including both its appealing features and its problematic points. It notes that the following possess intuitive appeal: (1) Kant's notion that ... More


The Golden Rule and a Theory of Moral Reasoning

Thomas L. Carson

in Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577415
eISBN:
9780191722813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577415.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter develops a theory of moral reasoning in the form of rationality conditions for moral judgments. The chapter argues that moral judges must be: 1) consistent, 2) adequately informed by ... More


The Universal Law (FUL) and the Law of Nature (FLN)

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter deals with three topics: (1) the move from the universal law formula (FUL) of the categorical imperative to the formula of the law of nature (FLN); (2) Kant’s application of the latter ... More


 Caring Relations and Principles of Justice

Virginia Held

in The Ethics of Care: Personal, Political, and Global

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195180992
eISBN:
9780199785957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195180992.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter continues the discussion on universalizability in moral theory. It defends the ethics of care against the presumed requirement of dominant moral theories that universal principles of ... More


THE REQUIREMENT OF PERSONAL NEUTRALITY

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0028
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter contends that, just as it is rationally permissible in the intra-personal domain of prudence to set aside the goal of maximizing the fulfilment of one’s own life in order to pursue some ... More


Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method, and Point

R. M. Hare

Published in print:
1981
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198246602
eISBN:
9780191597596
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198246609.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

By distinguishing between two different levels of moral thinking, we see how utilitarian reasoning at the critical level—enlisting the impartial sympathy for others’ predicaments, which we must have ... More


Regularity and Rational Explanations

J. R. LUCAS

in The Freedom of the Will

Published in print:
1970
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243434
eISBN:
9780191680687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243434.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

Rational explanations are radically different from regularity ones. Rational explanations satisfy only the weak requirement of universalisability and the weak Verification Principle, whereas ... More


Philosophy of Language in Ethics

R. M. Hare

in Sorting Out Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250326
eISBN:
9780191597602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250320.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Philosophy of language, according to Hare, contributes significantly to ethics, because it provides a logical structure for moral thinking. Referring to J. L. Austin's theory of speech acts, Hare ... More


Rationalism

R. M. Hare

in Sorting Out Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250326
eISBN:
9780191597602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250320.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hare presents his own position, a theory that incorporates all the truths of the other theories that have been discussed, together with ‘prescriptive logic’, which is what makes rationality in moral ... More


Kant's Test

Thomas Nagel

in Equality and Partiality

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195098396
eISBN:
9780199870059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195098390.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What is reasonable for individuals cannot be determined at the level of individual practical reason alone, but depends also on some judgment about the collective result of everyone's following those ... More


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