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INTRODUCTION

Pier A. Mello and Narendra Kumar

in Quantum Transport in Mesoscopic Systems: Complexity and Statistical Fluctuations. A Maximum Entropy Viewpoint

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525820
eISBN:
9780191712234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525820.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces the notion of complex scattering of waves, emphasizes the generality of the ideas involved, and explains its relevance to the field of nuclear physics and microwave cavities. ... More


Scaling Analysis of Direct Superconductor-Insulator Transitions in Disordered Ultrathin Films of Metals

A.M. Goldman

in Conductor-Insulator Quantum Phase Transitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592593
eISBN:
9780191741050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592593.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Superconductor-insulator (SI) transitions of homogeneously disordered ultrathin quench-condensed films in many instances appear to be direct, without any intervening metallic regime. This is in ... More


Conformal field theory

Hidetoshi Nishimori and Gerardo Ortiz

in Elements of Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577224
eISBN:
9780191722943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577224.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The present chapter is an introductory account of the basic concepts and important consequences of conformal symmetry, i.e. the invariance under local scale transformations, in field theories ... More


Mean-Field Theories

Eldred H. Chimowitz

in Introduction to Critical Phenomena in Fluids

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195119305
eISBN:
9780197561249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195119305.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

The most widely used analytic models for representing thermodynamic behavior in supercritical ßuids are of the mean-Þeld variety. In addition to the practical interest in studying this topic, this ... More


The Arena of Conformal Models

Giuseppe Mussardo

in Statistical Field Theory: An Introduction to Exactly Solved Models in Statistical Physics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198788102
eISBN:
9780191830082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198788102.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 14 discusses how the identification of a class of universality is one of the central questions needing an answer for those in the field of statistical physics. This chapter discusses in ... More


Scalability, Random Surfaces, and Synchronized Computing Networks

Zoltan Toroczkai and György Korniss

in Computational Complexity and Statistical Physics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195177374
eISBN:
9780197562260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195177374.003.0020
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

In most cases, it is impossible to describe and understand complex system dynamics via analytical methods. The density of problems that are rigorously solvable with analytic tools is vanishingly ... More


Thermodynamic Scaling Near the Critical Point

Eldred H. Chimowitz

in Introduction to Critical Phenomena in Fluids

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195119305
eISBN:
9780197561249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195119305.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

Thermodynamic scaling near the critical point is a signature of critical phenomena, and many useful applications of supercritical solvent fluids depend upon exploiting this behavior in some ... More


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