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## INTRODUCTION

*Pier A. Mello and Narendra Kumar*

### in Quantum Transport in Mesoscopic Systems: Complexity and Statistical Fluctuations. A Maximum Entropy Viewpoint

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198525820
- eISBN:
- 9780191712234
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525820.003.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces the notion of complex scattering of waves, emphasizes the generality of the ideas involved, and explains its relevance to the field of nuclear physics and microwave cavities. ... More

## Scaling Analysis of Direct Superconductor-Insulator Transitions in Disordered Ultrathin Films of Metals

*A.M. Goldman*

### in Conductor-Insulator Quantum Phase Transitions

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- September 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780199592593
- eISBN:
- 9780191741050
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592593.003.0011
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Superconductor-insulator (SI) transitions of homogeneously disordered ultrathin quench-condensed films in many instances appear to be direct, without any intervening metallic regime. This is in ... More

## Conformal field theory

*Hidetoshi Nishimori and Gerardo Ortiz*

### in Elements of Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena

- Published in print:
- 2010
- Published Online:
- January 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780199577224
- eISBN:
- 9780191722943
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577224.003.0006
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The present chapter is an introductory account of the basic concepts and important consequences of conformal symmetry, i.e. the invariance under local scale transformations, in field theories ... More

## Mean-Field Theories

*Eldred H. Chimowitz*

### in Introduction to Critical Phenomena in Fluids

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- November 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780195119305
- eISBN:
- 9780197561249
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780195119305.003.0009
- Subject:
- Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

The most widely used analytic models for representing thermodynamic behavior in supercritical ßuids are of the mean-Þeld variety. In addition to the practical interest in studying this topic, this ... More

## The Arena of Conformal Models

*Giuseppe Mussardo*

### in Statistical Field Theory: An Introduction to Exactly Solved Models in Statistical Physics

- Published in print:
- 2020
- Published Online:
- May 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780198788102
- eISBN:
- 9780191830082
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198788102.003.0014
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 14 discusses how the identification of a class of universality is one of the central questions needing an answer for those in the field of statistical physics. This chapter discusses in ... More

## Scalability, Random Surfaces, and Synchronized Computing Networks

*Zoltan Toroczkai and György Korniss*

### in Computational Complexity and Statistical Physics

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- November 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780195177374
- eISBN:
- 9780197562260
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780195177374.003.0020
- Subject:
- Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

In most cases, it is impossible to describe and understand complex system dynamics via analytical methods. The density of problems that are rigorously solvable with analytic tools is vanishingly ... More

## Thermodynamic Scaling Near the Critical Point

*Eldred H. Chimowitz*

### in Introduction to Critical Phenomena in Fluids

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- November 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780195119305
- eISBN:
- 9780197561249
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780195119305.003.0005
- Subject:
- Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

Thermodynamic scaling near the critical point is a signature of critical phenomena, and many useful applications of supercritical solvent fluids depend upon exploiting this behavior in some ... More

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