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f i v e The Universal Natural History The Purposiveness of Nature

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores Kant’s second book, Universal Natural History and Theory of the Heavens (1755). Section 1 describes the context of the book and Kant’s critique of static and anthropocentric ... More


The Debates about Universal History and National History, c. 1800: A Problem-oriented Historical Attempt*

Hans Erich Bödeker

in Unity and Diversity in European Culture c.1800

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263822
eISBN:
9780191734960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263822.003.0009
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Friedrich Rühs outlined the problems in the complicated relationship between national history and universal history around 1800. The change in theory from universal to national history, from the ... More


f o u r f o u r The Conversion to Newton

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores Kant’s studies from 1754 to 1757, the application of his dynamic perspectives to fire, tides, the Earth’s rotation, climate, winds, and earthquakes. Section 1 surveys the ... More


Constructing the Narrative: Authorial Objectives and the Use of Rome

Liv Mariah Yarrow

in Historiography at the End of the Republic: Provincial Perspectives on Roman Rule

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277544
eISBN:
9780191708022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277544.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

In the contemporary histories of the Late Republic written by non-Romans, we can find preserved the attitudes of those dispossessed of their power by the establishment of Roman hegemony. The ... More


The Historical Imagination

Dray William H.

in History as Re-Enactment: R. G. Collingwood's Idea of History

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238812
eISBN:
9780191679780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238812.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines a Collingwoodian doctrine which has often been seen as closely related to that of re-enactment: the claim that historical inquiry requires an exercise of the historian's ... More


The Appeal to History III: The Appeal to History III: Universal History

Brian Hebblethwaite

in In Defence of Christianity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199276790
eISBN:
9780191602993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927679X.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter considers a further appeal to history that can be made within the cumulative case for Christianity, namely the appeal to a providential reading of universal history as making, despite ... More


‘With Fayned Colours Shading a True Case’: Euhemerism and Universal History

Bart van Es

in Spenser’s Forms of History

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199249701
eISBN:
9780191719332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199249701.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter focuses on the discussion of universal history and euhemerism. It explains that this intellectual tool allowed Elizabethan historiographers to reach still further back in time. It states ... More


Beyond Rome: Universal History and the Barbarian

Peter Van Nuffelen

in Orosius and the Rhetoric of History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655274
eISBN:
9780191745232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655274.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter addresses two issues. First, it is traditionally stated that the Historiae are a universal history. Although Orosius suggests a universal geographical scope, this should be understood as ... More


The Possibility of Philosophical History

Gordon Graham

in The Shape of the Past: A Philosophical Approach to History

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192892553
eISBN:
9780191670619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192892553.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, General

This chapter is concerned with fundamental objections to the logical possibility of philosophical history. Philosophical history is a combination of two disciplines which are often conceived to be ... More


Bede’s Chronica Maiora: Early Insular History in a Universal Context

Diarmuid Scully

in Anglo-Saxon/Irish Relations before the Vikings

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264508
eISBN:
9780191734120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264508.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter examines the early insular history of Bede's Chronica Maiora in a universal context. It considers Bede's treatment of salvation history in the Chronica Maiora's account of the ... More


Introduction

Nasser Zakariya

in A Final Story: Science, Myth, and Beginnings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226476124
eISBN:
9780226500737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500737.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Contemporary scientific universal history instantiates one among a set of “genres of synthesis,” varied modes for organizing and orienting knowledge. From the late eighteenth and early nineteenth ... More


Cosmic Politics: The Worldly Epics of Camões and Spenser

Ayesha Ramachandran

in The Worldmakers: Global Imagining in Early Modern Europe

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226288796
eISBN:
9780226288826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226288826.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

Expanding its gaze from the scale of the individual self to the communal order of the nation-state, this chapter approaches the challenge of worldmaking through the Renaissance epic. Luis Vaz de ... More


Sacred Mandates: Asian International Relations since Chinggis Khan

Timothy Brook, Michael van Walt van Praag, and Miek Boltjes (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226562629
eISBN:
9780226562933
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226562933.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book presents a new framework for understanding the history of interpolity relations in Inner and East Asia. It is intended to inspire a less politicized approach to the Asian past and to help ... More


The Notion of Universal Civilization: One End for All?

in The Empire of Civilization: The Evolution of an Imperial Idea

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226068145
eISBN:
9780226068169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226068169.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the notion of the universal history of civilization, examining what is meant by the notion of universal civilization and what it is that is said to be universal across ... More


A Final Story: Science, Myth, and Beginnings

Nasser Zakariya

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226476124
eISBN:
9780226500737
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500737.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

A Final Story charts the formation and contestation of scientific universal histories from the nineteenth century to the present. It traces the emergence of the so-called “scientific epic,” a story ... More


Poetic Metaphysics

Donald Phillip Verene

in Vico's "New Science": A Philosophical Commentary

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9781501700163
eISBN:
9781501701863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501700163.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses the section on poetic metaphysics in Giambattista Vico’s New Science. Poetic metaphysics, being the source of poetic sciences, corresponds to the mother of the Muses—Mnemosyne ... More


Song Loves the Masses: Herder on Music and Nationalism

Johann Gottfried Herder and Philip V. Bohlman

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520234949
eISBN:
9780520966444
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234949.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Had Johann Gottfried Herder (1744–1803) written a book on music, it would have been Song Loves the Masses. One of the great polymaths of modern intellectual history, Herder wrote influential ... More


Introduction: Guizot's Question: Universal Civilization?

in The Empire of Civilization: The Evolution of an Imperial Idea

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226068145
eISBN:
9780226068169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226068169.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this book, which is about the idea of civilization. The book is an exploration of the ongoing attempt to write about the universal history of ... More


Close Encounters of the Methodological Kind: Contending with Enlightenment Legacies in World History

Laura J. Mitchell

in Encounters Old and New in World History: Essays Inspired by Jerry H. Bentley

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780824865917
eISBN:
9780824875626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824865917.003.0013
Subject:
History, Historiography

Professional and public perceptions of history remain deeply influenced by the discipline’s Enlightenment roots. Without a set of common assumptions, the field would be paralyzed, but unless scholars ... More


Genesis of the New Science

Donald Phillip Verene

in Vico's "New Science": A Philosophical Commentary

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9781501700163
eISBN:
9781501701863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501700163.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter comments on the genesis of the New Science, with particular emphasis on two principal decisions made by Giambattista Vico: his rejection of Cartesianism and his extension of his ... More


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