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Understanding and Organizing Health Care Systems

Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Yogan Pillay, and Timothy H. Holtz

in Textbook of Global Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199392285
eISBN:
9780199392315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199392285.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter examines archetypes of health care systems, from various European national health systems to the centrally planned model of the former Soviet Union and the market-driven US model. The ... More


Setting Priorities in the Pursuit of Universal Health Coverage

Trygve Ottersen and Ole F. Norheim

in Global Health Priority-Setting: Beyond Cost-Effectiveness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190912765
eISBN:
9780190912796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190912765.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Priority-setting is fundamental to the fair and efficient pursuit of universal health coverage (UHC). This chapter addresses the key choices in selecting services for UHC and the alternative ... More


Prepayment schemes

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers two different ways of organizing revenue collection in statutory healthcare schemes: social health insurance and taxation. The two models are commonly referred to as ‘Bismarck ... More


Universal Health Coverage: Ensuring Healthy Lives and Promoting Well-Being for All at All Ages

Joia S. Mukherjee

in An Introduction to Global Health Delivery

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190662455
eISBN:
9780190662486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662455.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter explores the seminal topic of Universal Health Coverage (UHC), an objective within the Sustainable Development goals. It reviews the theory and definitions that shape the current ... More


Globalizing health systems

Ronald Labonté and Arne Ruckert

in Health Equity in a Globalizing Era: Past Challenges, Future Prospects

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198835356
eISBN:
9780191872952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835356.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Strengthening health systems in poorer countries has long been a focal point in development aid debates. Visionary models of comprehensive primary health care caught the global imagination in the ... More


Universal Health Coverage: How Viable?

K. Srinath Reddy and Manu Raj Mathur

in Equity and Access: Health Care Studies in India

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780199482160
eISBN:
9780199097746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199482160.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

In the last few decades, several initiatives have been undertaken by Government of India to increase access to essential health services. A framework for UHC was also developed by a High Level Expert ... More


Social exclusion, othering, and refugee health policy

Daniel D. Reidpath and Pascale Allotey

in The Health of Refugees: Public Health Perspectives from Crisis to Settlement

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198814733
eISBN:
9780191852459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814733.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

In this chapter, the authors outline the layers of disadvantage that exist for refugees within the context of national policies that restrict their access to services, including health care and ... More


Planetary Health and Sustainability

Emily Ying Yang Chan

in Essentials for Health Protection: Four Key Components

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198835479
eISBN:
9780191873140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835479.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In the twenty-first century, globalization of trade, travel, and culture is likely to impose complex effect on health protection: increased trade is likely to improve material access and services but ... More


Health Sectors as Actors and Advocates for Health and Health Equity

Fran Baum

in Governing for Health: Advancing Health and Equity through Policy and Advocacy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190258948
eISBN:
9780190258979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190258948.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Many assume that the health sector is the central government agency for health. Yet very often, health sectors are actually “illness care” sectors that give little concern to the production or ... More


Kerala’s Early Experience: Moving towards Universal Health Coverage

Sunil Nandraj and Devaki Nambiar

in Equity and Access: Health Care Studies in India

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780199482160
eISBN:
9780199097746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199482160.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Despite a strong legacy of human development, the state of Kerala faces challenges of shifting epidemiologic burden and privatization driven cost escalation. Mindful of this, the Government of Kerala ... More


Extended Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Stéphane Verguet, Mieraf Taddesse Tolla, Solomon Tessema Memirie, and Dean T. Jamison

in Global Health Priority-Setting: Beyond Cost-Effectiveness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190912765
eISBN:
9780190912796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190912765.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Health policies such as public finance of health interventions (e.g., vaccines, drug treatments) entail consequences in multiple domains. Fundamentally, health policies increase the uptake of ... More


Universal healthcare in our lifetime? All teach, all learn

Mark Britnell

in Human: Solving the global workforce crisis in healthcare

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198836520
eISBN:
9780191873720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836520.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals of achieving universal health coverage (UHC) by 2030 have energized many governments to devise bold strategies and make big investments in their ... More


Sufficiency, Comprehensiveness of Health Care Coverage, and Cost-Sharing Arrangements in the Realpolitik of Health Policy

Govind Persad and Harald Schmidt

in What is Enough?: Sufficiency, Justice, and Health

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199385263
eISBN:
9780199385270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385263.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores two questions in detail: How should we determine the threshold for costs that individuals are asked to bear through insurance premiums or care-related out-of-pocket costs, ... More


The World Bank: Contested Institutional Progress in Rights-Based Health Discourse

Yusra Ribhi Shawar and Jennifer Prah Ruger

in Human Rights in Global Health: Rights-Based Governance for a Globalizing World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190672676
eISBN:
9780190672713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672676.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

The World Bank, one of the largest global health funders, continues to deny a formal legal obligation for human rights. Internal constraints limit the Bank’s ability to do so, since its Articles of ... More


Equity and Access: Health Care Studies in India

Purendra Prasad and Amar Jesani (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780199482160
eISBN:
9780199097746
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199482160.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Equity and Access attempts to unravel the complex narrative of why inequities in the health sector are growing and access to basic health care is worsening, and the underlying forces that contribute ... More


Japan’s Engagement with Global Health: Evolution and Outlook in the Era of Sustainable Development Goals

Hiroki Nakatani

in Health in Japan: Social Epidemiology of Japan since the 1964 Tokyo Olympics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198848134
eISBN:
9780191882692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198848134.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Despite a common claim that Japanese official development assistance (ODA) is not visible enough, Japan remains the fourth largest provider of ODA and is one of the strongest advocates of global ... More


The affordable dream

Christopher Dye

in The Great Health Dilemma: Is Prevention Better than Cure?

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780198853824
eISBN:
9780191888205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853824.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Prevention is integral to achieving health equity and Universal Health Coverage. And yet prevention is a healthcare orphan: it is not usually a priority in the health sector or in any other sector of ... More


Global Health Priority-Setting: Beyond Cost-Effectiveness

Ole F. Norheim, Ezekiel J. Emanuel, and Joseph Millum (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190912765
eISBN:
9780190912796
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190912765.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Global health is at a crossroads. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development has come with ambitious targets for health and health services worldwide. To reach these targets, many more billions of ... More


A Developing Country Perspective

Addis Tamire Woldemariam

in Global Health Priority-Setting: Beyond Cost-Effectiveness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190912765
eISBN:
9780190912796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190912765.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Governments and development partners have increasingly invested in health over the last two decades with considerable success in many countries. The global community is now transitioning from the ... More


The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS: With Communities for Human Rights

Helena Nygren-Krug

in Human Rights in Global Health: Rights-Based Governance for a Globalizing World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190672676
eISBN:
9780190672713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672676.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter centers on the role of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) in promoting and protecting HIV-related human rights. It starts by recalling the rationale for creating ... More


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