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The Insurers Triumphant

Jill Quadagno

in One Nation, Uninsured: Why the U.S. Has No National Health Insurance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160390
eISBN:
9780199944026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160390.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter demonstrates how the coalition of insurance companies, managed-care firms, and small businesses destroyed a proposal for home care for disabled people in the 1980s, and notes that the ... More


A Health Capability Account of Equitable and Efficient Health Financing and Insurance

Jennifer Prah Ruger

in Health and Social Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559978
eISBN:
9780191721489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559978.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter provides an alternative moral framework for analyzing health financing. In the health capability paradigm, continuous universal health insurance is essential for human flourishing. Its ... More


Understanding and Organizing Health Care Systems

Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Yogan Pillay, and Timothy H. Holtz

in Textbook of Global Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199392285
eISBN:
9780199392315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199392285.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter examines archetypes of health care systems, from various European national health systems to the centrally planned model of the former Soviet Union and the market-driven US model. The ... More


Teaching Hospitals and the Urban Poor

Eli Ginzberg

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300082326
eISBN:
9780300133011
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300082326.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Academic health centers (AHCs) have played a key role in propelling the United States to world leadership in technological advances in medicine. At the same time, however, many of these urban-based ... More


Achieving Access: Professional Movements and the Politics of Health Universalism

Joseph Harris

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501709968
eISBN:
9781501714832
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709968.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Why do resource-constrained countries make costly commitments to universal health coverage and AIDS treatment after transitioning to democracy? At a time when the world’s wealthiest nations struggle ... More


Personal Cost

Alex Rajczi

in The Ethics of Universal Health Insurance

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190946838
eISBN:
9780190946869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946838.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Some people object to social minimum programs, including certain health care programs, because they believe the programs impose excessive taxes and other personal costs on those who fund them. This ... More


Planetary Health and Sustainability

Emily Ying Yang Chan

in Essentials for Health Protection: Four Key Components

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198835479
eISBN:
9780191873140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835479.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In the twenty-first century, globalization of trade, travel, and culture is likely to impose complex effect on health protection: increased trade is likely to improve material access and services but ... More


Setting Priorities in the Pursuit of Universal Health Coverage

Trygve Ottersen and Ole F. Norheim

in Global Health Priority-Setting: Beyond Cost-Effectiveness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190912765
eISBN:
9780190912796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190912765.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Priority-setting is fundamental to the fair and efficient pursuit of universal health coverage (UHC). This chapter addresses the key choices in selecting services for UHC and the alternative ... More


Efficacy

Alex Rajczi

in The Ethics of Universal Health Insurance

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190946838
eISBN:
9780190946869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946838.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Some people express concern that social minimum programs might be ineffective, inefficient, counterproductive, or unnecessary. This chapter focuses on three specific worries about efficacy that are ... More


Prepayment schemes

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers two different ways of organizing revenue collection in statutory healthcare schemes: social health insurance and taxation. The two models are commonly referred to as ‘Bismarck ... More


Globalizing health systems

Ronald Labonté and Arne Ruckert

in Health Equity in a Globalizing Era: Past Challenges, Future Prospects

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198835356
eISBN:
9780191872952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835356.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Strengthening health systems in poorer countries has long been a focal point in development aid debates. Visionary models of comprehensive primary health care caught the global imagination in the ... More


Brazil: a long journey towards a universal healthcare system

Armando De Negri Filho

in Advancing the Human Right to Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199661619
eISBN:
9780191765056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661619.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter documents recent legal and political developments regarding the constitutional right to health in Brazil, where a broad social acceptance of this right continues to propel movement ... More


Universal Health Coverage: Ensuring Healthy Lives and Promoting Well-Being for All at All Ages

Joia S. Mukherjee

in An Introduction to Global Health Delivery

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190662455
eISBN:
9780190662486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662455.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter explores the seminal topic of Universal Health Coverage (UHC), an objective within the Sustainable Development goals. It reviews the theory and definitions that shape the current ... More


Between Democracy and Plutocracy

Mugambi Jouet

in Exceptional America: What Divides Americans from the World and from Each Other

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520293298
eISBN:
9780520966468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293298.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Wealth inequality is much sharper in America than all other industrialized countries. The income of the richest 1% Americans has soared while the income of ordinary people either decreased or ... More


Universal Health Coverage: How Viable?

K. Srinath Reddy and Manu Raj Mathur

in Equity and Access: Health Care Studies in India

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780199482160
eISBN:
9780199097746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199482160.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

In the last few decades, several initiatives have been undertaken by Government of India to increase access to essential health services. A framework for UHC was also developed by a High Level Expert ... More


Health Sectors as Actors and Advocates for Health and Health Equity

Fran Baum

in Governing for Health: Advancing Health and Equity through Policy and Advocacy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190258948
eISBN:
9780190258979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190258948.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Many assume that the health sector is the central government agency for health. Yet very often, health sectors are actually “illness care” sectors that give little concern to the production or ... More


Information about Health Care Systems

Alex Rajczi

in The Ethics of Universal Health Insurance

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190946838
eISBN:
9780190946869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946838.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

One cannot discuss the ethics of health policy without understanding how health systems work, so this chapter provides background on the American health system before and after the Affordable Care ... More


Introduction

Alex Rajczi

in The Ethics of Universal Health Insurance

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190946838
eISBN:
9780190946869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946838.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Most Americans see the need for a national health policy that guarantees reasonable access to health insurance for all citizens, but some worry that a universal health insurance system would be ... More


The Ethical Issues Raised in Health Care Debates

Alex Rajczi

in The Ethics of Universal Health Insurance

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190946838
eISBN:
9780190946869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946838.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book will ask whether universal health insurance systems are objectionable on the ground that they are inefficacious, fiscally risky, or require that individuals bear excessive personal costs. ... More


Health Risk and Health Security

Jonathan Wolff

in Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199744206
eISBN:
9780190267551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744206.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores how various social determinants affect people’s health status. Drawing on UK health outcomes data segmented by class, it considers claims that the benefits of universal health ... More


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