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Possible and Probable Languages: A Generative Perspective on Linguistic Typology

Frederick J. Newmeyer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274338
eISBN:
9780191706479
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274338.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This book takes on the question of language variety, addressing the question of why some language types are impossible and why some grammatical features are more common than others. The task of ... More


Parameters, Performance, and the Explanation of Typological Generalizations

Frederick J. Newmeyer

in Possible and Probable Languages: A Generative Perspective on Linguistic Typology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274338
eISBN:
9780191706479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274338.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter launches a frontal assault not just on the parametric approach to grammar, but also on the very idea that it is the job of Universal Grammar (UG) per se to account for typological ... More


Conclusion

Adele Goldberg

in Constructions at Work: The Nature of Generalization in Language

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199268511
eISBN:
9780191708428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268511.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter provides a brief summary of preceding chapters, observing that the constructionist approach directly undermines the need for biologically determined knowledge that is specific to ... More


Constraining the Learning Path without Constraints, or The Ocp and NoBanana 1

Charles Reiss

in Rules, Constraints, and Phonological Phenomena

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226511
eISBN:
9780191710193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226511.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter argue that wellformedness constraints are inappropriate computational devices for modeling grammar. It develops a purely derivational theory with minimal theoretical apparatus and no ... More


On the Possible and the Probable in Language

Frederick J. Newmeyer

in Possible and Probable Languages: A Generative Perspective on Linguistic Typology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274338
eISBN:
9780191706479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274338.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter sets the stage for the succeeding chapters by addressing a foundational cluster of questions inherent to the practice of linguistic typology: What does it mean to say that some ... More


Parameterized Principles

Frederick J. Newmeyer

in Possible and Probable Languages: A Generative Perspective on Linguistic Typology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274338
eISBN:
9780191706479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274338.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter presents the principal means within generative theory by which typological generalizations have been captured, namely, by the parameterization of principles of Universal Grammar. It ... More


Logic and Linguistics in the Twentieth Century

Alessandro Lenci and Gabriel Sandu

in The Development of Modern Logic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195137316
eISBN:
9780199867912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137316.003.0045
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter begins with a discussion of the three phases of the interaction between logic and linguistics on the nature of universal grammar. It then attempts to reconstruct the dynamics and ... More


Linguistics and Moral Theorys 1

Erica Roedder and Gilbert Harman

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582143
eISBN:
9780191594496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter describes various issues suggested by the analogy between morality and linguistics. The first part discusses what might be involved in a generative “moral grammar”. The second part ... More


Lexical Storage versus Online Construction

Ray Jackendoff

in Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198270126
eISBN:
9780191713255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270126.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Traditional generative grammar makes two related assumptions: first, that lexical items — the stored elements that are combined into larger expressions — enter the combinatorial system by virtue of ... More


Language Acquisition

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter takes the familiar arguments for nativism to establish the interesting nativist thesis that “the initial state” of linguistic competence is sufficiently rich that humans can naturally ... More


The Morphosyntax of Complement-Head Sequences: Clause Structure and Word Order Patterns in Kwa

Enoch Oladé Aboh

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195159905
eISBN:
9780199788125
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159905.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This book examines the syntax of the Niger-Conger language family, which includes most of the languages of sub-Saharan Africa. The book's author, who is a native speaker of Gungbe — one of the ... More


Modern Grammars of Case

John M. Anderson

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297078
eISBN:
9780191711404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297078.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book is concerned with the treatment of case in modern linguistics, but from the perspective of the idea of case as it developed in preceding centuries. This idea was that case inflexions are ... More


The Innate Endowment for Language: Underspecified or Overspecified?

Mark C. Baker

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines two different views of universal grammar. Most linguists assume that universal grammar is underspecified — providing us with an incomplete grammar to be elaborated by learning. ... More


Epilogue: Case, Notionalism, Creativity, and the Lexicon

John M. Anderson

in Modern Grammars of Case

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297078
eISBN:
9780191711404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297078.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This final chapter draws together some of the main themes of the book, clustered around the notion of ‘case’, drawing out some consequences of the discussion. In particular, it points out the ... More


The Role of Universal Grammar in Language-Learning

Fiona Cowie

in What's Within?: Nativism Reconsidered

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195159783
eISBN:
9780199849529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159783.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In contrast to what others may commonly believe, reflecting on the poverty of the stimulus does not sustain or reinforce the notion of learning a language within nativism. Also, although initially ... More


Approaching Universals from Below: I-Universals in Light of a Minimalist Program for Linguistic Theory

Norbert Hornstein and Cedric Boeckx

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter focuses on linguistic universals embodied in Universal Grammar (UG), a characterization of the innate properties of the language faculty. Approaching language universals from a ... More


How Good Is the Linguistic Analogy ?

Susan Dwyer

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A nativist moral psychology, modeled on the successes of theoretical linguistics, provides the best framework for explaining the acquisition of moral capacities and the diversity of moral judgment ... More


An Evolutionary Perspective on the Architecture

Ray Jackendoff

in Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198270126
eISBN:
9780191713255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270126.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

One of the issues raised by the nativist claim is that the capacity to learn language must have emerged at some point in the evolution of the human species. However, it is difficult to see how a ... More


Some implications of structural analogy

John M. Anderson

in The Substance of Language Volume III: Phonology-Syntax Analogies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608331
eISBN:
9780191732119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608331.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter provides an introduction to structural analogy and its limits, and to the problem of reconciling it with notions of an autonomous universal grammar, given its dependence on the nature of ... More


Phrasal Semantics

Ray Jackendoff

in Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198270126
eISBN:
9780191713255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270126.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter develops a theory of phrasal composition, again much richer than usually assumed. In particular, the theory states that the meaning of a sentence consists of more than the meanings of ... More


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