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Universal to Selective

Neil Gilbert

in Transformation of the Welfare State: The Silent Surrender of Public Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195140743
eISBN:
9780199834921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140745.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The principle of universalism in the allocation of social benefits, that is the availability of social benefits to everyone as of right, is contrasted with allocation on a selective basis in which ... More


Transformation of the Welfare State: The Silent Surrender of Public Responsibility

Neil Gilbert

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195140743
eISBN:
9780199834921
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140745.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book is the outgrowth of a large‐scale comparative project on the changing landscape of the welfare state initiated by the author in 1997. In it, it is argued that the changes in welfare policy ... More


Social Spending and the Boundaries Between Public and Private Sectors

John Hills

in Inequality and the State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199276646
eISBN:
9780191601644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276641.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Discusses social spending, its extent, and issues in the design of social security programmes, examining both public and private spending on areas that have traditionally come under the heading of ... More


Money for everyone: Why we need a citizen's income

Malcolm Torry

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447311249
eISBN:
9781447311287
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447311249.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

A Citizen's Income (sometimes called a Basic Income, a Universal Grant, a Social Dividend, or a Universal Benefit) is an unconditional, nonwithdrawable income for every individual as a right of ... More


The Institutional Context of Population Change: Patterns of Fertility and Mortality across High-Income Nations

Fred C. Pampel

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226645254
eISBN:
9780226645278
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226645278.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

Despite having similar economies and political systems, high-income nations show persistent diversity. This work looks at fertility, suicide, and homicide rates in eighteen high-income nations to ... More


How did we get to where we are now?1

Malcolm Torry

in Why we need a Citizen's Basic Income

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447343158
eISBN:
9781447343202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447343158.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter discusses the past and current state of the debate on the Citizen's Basic Income. It begins with the Poor Law of 1601 to the era of means-tested benefits. In particular, it cites William ... More


The case for universal child benefit

Anthony Atkinson B.

in Fighting poverty, inequality and injustice: A manifesto inspired by Peter Townsend

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847427151
eISBN:
9781447302353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847427151.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter takes up Peter's campaign for a universal child benefit, started over 40 years ago. It makes the case for its retention, against the trend policy on income-tested benefits increasingly ... More


The Value of Transparency

Adrian Orr

in Sovereign Wealth Funds and Long-Term Investing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158633
eISBN:
9780231530286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158633.003.0060
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the New Zealand Superannuation Fund. The fund was created to reduce the tax burden on future taxpayers of the cost of the country's universal retirement benefit, the New ... More


Conclusion: Toward an Inclusive Prosperity

Kristen Ghodsee and Mitchell A. Orenstein

in Taking Stock of Shock: Social Consequences of the 1989 Revolutions

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197549230
eISBN:
9780197549278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197549230.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The conclusion of this book reflects on the enduring importance of transition as a major factor in contemporary society and politics and examines how transition could have been accomplished more ... More


The Recession and the Policy Response for Child Poverty in Japan

Aya K. Abe

in Children of Austerity: Impact of the Great Recession on Child Poverty in Rich Countries

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198797968
eISBN:
9780191839276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797968.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, International

The purpose of this chapter is to describe how the economic crisis affected children and how the government of Japan responded to mitigate the impact on children. The economic crisis worsened child ... More


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