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The Case of Germany: From Blockholding to Hybrid Corporate Governance Regime

Roger M. Barker

in Corporate Governance, Competition, and Political Parties: Explaining Corporate Governance Change in Europe

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199576814
eISBN:
9780191722509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576814.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Corporate Governance and Accountability

A declining level of support for the status quo blockholder model of corporate governance emerged among German insider labor and Left party actors during the late 1990s. At the same time, the private ... More


Universal Banks versus Specialized Banks

Jordi Canals

in Universal Banking: International Comparisons and Theoretical Perspectives

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198775065
eISBN:
9780191695353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198775065.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Strategy

This chapter is structured around two main themes. The first discusses the advantages and disadvantages of universal and specialized banks from the perspective of the financial organizations ... More


New Organizational Patterns in Banking

Jordi Canals

in Universal Banking: International Comparisons and Theoretical Perspectives

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198775065
eISBN:
9780191695353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198775065.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Strategy

This chapter addresses a new critical issue for banks, particularly the universal banks: their organizational design. In particular, it focuses on multidivisional organizations and the model that has ... More


Universal Banking: International Comparisons and Theoretical Perspectives

Jordi Canals

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198775065
eISBN:
9780191695353
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198775065.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Strategy

The deregulation and disintermediation process, the globalisation of financial markets, the emergence of new competitors, and the introduction of new information technologies have brought about ... More


German Banks and Banking Structure

Andreas Hackethal

in The German Financial System

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199253166
eISBN:
9780191601651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253161.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Examines past and present structural features of the German banking industry. It shows empirically that – whilst conventional commercial banking is clearly in decline in the United States – the ... More


The Future of Banking: Some Final Ideas

Jordi Canals

in Universal Banking: International Comparisons and Theoretical Perspectives

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198775065
eISBN:
9780191695353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198775065.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Strategy

This chapter presents both a summary of the main conclusions and some final reflections on the management of universal banks and their role in a modern financial system. It discusses the ... More


Universal Banks and Corporate Diversification

Jordi Canals

in Universal Banking: International Comparisons and Theoretical Perspectives

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198775065
eISBN:
9780191695353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198775065.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Strategy

This chapter discusses two issues related to universal banks. The first is the diversification of the universal banks' activities into other financial services. Among the advantages of the ... More


The Separation between Commercial and Investment Banking in the United States

Jordi Canals

in Universal Banking: International Comparisons and Theoretical Perspectives

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198775065
eISBN:
9780191695353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198775065.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Strategy

The banking crisis that shook the United States in the 1930s meant the end of the universal banking system that, until then, had shaped that and many other financial systems. In fact, the American ... More


The Lead Bank Systems in India

V. V. Bhatt

in The Japanese Main Bank System: Its Relevance for Developing and Transforming Economies

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780198288992
eISBN:
9780191601224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288999.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the lead bank systems in India. The lead bank system is similar to the universal banking system in Germany during the late 19th century in terms of financial innovations, and ... More


The Japanese Main Bank System and its Influence on Industry

Jordi Canals

in Universal Banking: International Comparisons and Theoretical Perspectives

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198775065
eISBN:
9780191695353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198775065.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Strategy

This chapter analyzes the Japanese financial model. After outlining the main features of the Japanese financial system and its differences from the German system, it discusses the role and importance ... More


The German Banking Industry

Jordi Canals

in Competitive Strategies in European Banking

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198773504
eISBN:
9780191695322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198773504.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter examines the core of the German financial system and analyses the performance of German banks by looking at the Deutsche Bundesbank, the German central bank whose prudence in managing ... More


Commercial Banking in Britain Between the Wars

Forrest Capie

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

Britain had a highly developed financial sector and the salient features of banking in the inter‐war period included an experienced central bank and a small number of large, financially stable, ... More


Conclusion: The Case for a New Glass-Steagall Act

Arthur E. Wilmarth Jr. Jr.

in Taming the Megabanks: Why We Need a New Glass-Steagall Act

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190260705
eISBN:
9780190260736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190260705.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

A new Glass-Steagall Act would break up universal banks and end the conflicts of interest that prevent universal banks from acting as objective lenders and impartial investment advisers. It would ... More


Nemesis: The Universal Banking Model Failed During the Banking Crises of the Great Depression

Arthur E. Wilmarth Jr. Jr.

in Taming the Megabanks: Why We Need a New Glass-Steagall Act

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190260705
eISBN:
9780190260736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190260705.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Banking crises occurred on both sides of the Atlantic during the Great Depression. Troubled universal banks were at the center of each crisis. The first U.S. banking crisis in late 1930 was caused by ... More


Unfinished Business: Post-Crisis Reforms Have Not Removed the Systemic Dangers Posed by Universal Banks and Shadow Banks

Arthur E. Wilmarth Jr. Jr.

in Taming the Megabanks: Why We Need a New Glass-Steagall Act

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190260705
eISBN:
9780190260736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190260705.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

In 2009, the U.S. and other G20 nations agreed on reforms designed to improve the regulation of systemically important financial institutions and markets. However, those reforms did not change the ... More


Introduction

Arthur E. Wilmarth Jr. Jr.

in Taming the Megabanks: Why We Need a New Glass-Steagall Act

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190260705
eISBN:
9780190260736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190260705.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Universal banks arose in the U.S. during two periods in the past century—the 1920s and the late 1990s. On both occasions, universal banks in the U.S. and Europe promoted intense boom-and-bust cycles ... More


Reckoning: Universal Banks Were Discredited by the Pecora Investigation and Abolished by the Glass-Steagall Act

Arthur E. Wilmarth Jr. Jr.

in Taming the Megabanks: Why We Need a New Glass-Steagall Act

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190260705
eISBN:
9780190260736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190260705.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

In March 1933, President Franklin Roosevelt declared a national bank holiday and persuaded Congress to approve emergency measures to revive the U.S. banking system. Those measures included capital ... More


Resurgence, Part II: Congress Enacted Three Statutes That Enabled Big Banks to Build Nationwide Financial Conglomerates

Arthur E. Wilmarth Jr. Jr.

in Taming the Megabanks: Why We Need a New Glass-Steagall Act

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190260705
eISBN:
9780190260736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190260705.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Large banks and their political allies waged a twenty-year campaign to secure legislation that would remove the structural buffers established by the Glass-Steagall and Bank Holding Company Acts. ... More


See No Evil: Policymakers and Regulators Allowed Financial Conglomerates to Inflate a Toxic Credit Bubble on Both Sides of the Atlantic During the “Roaring 2000s”

Arthur E. Wilmarth Jr. Jr.

in Taming the Megabanks: Why We Need a New Glass-Steagall Act

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190260705
eISBN:
9780190260736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190260705.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

During the 2000s, universal banks originated and securitized trillions of dollars of toxic subprime loans and sold the resulting debt securities to investors around the world. Governments on both ... More


Origins: The Emergence of Universal Banks in Early Twentieth-Century America

Arthur E. Wilmarth Jr. Jr.

in Taming the Megabanks: Why We Need a New Glass-Steagall Act

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190260705
eISBN:
9780190260736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190260705.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Chapter 1 describes the rise of universal banks in the U.S. during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Large commercial banks in New York and Chicago entered the securities business in ... More


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