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Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Samir Okasha

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Does natural selection act primarily on individual organisms, on groups, on genes, or on whole species? This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the long-standing controversy in evolutionary ... More


The Strategy of Exclusion and the Problem of Collectives

John Basl

in The Death of the Ethic of Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190923877
eISBN:
9780190923907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923877.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Chapter 4 begins to develop the case against biocentrism. Biocentrism faces a problem of exclusion; it is not possible to adopt the account of welfare defended in chapter 3 in a way that grounds the ... More


What Is an Organism? Immunity and the Individuality of the Organism

Thomas Pradeu and Elizabeth Vitanza

in The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter raises a traditional philosophical question, that of the definition of the identity of a living thing, and asks whether immunology can shed light on it. The notion of biological identity ... More


Philosophy of Biology

Thomas Pradeu

in The Philosophy of Science: A Companion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190690649
eISBN:
9780190690670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190690649.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The aim of this chapter is to address the conceptual, theoretical, and methodological questions bearing on the foundations of today’s life sciences. It discusses the main themes of the philosophy of ... More


Big Dreams for Small Creatures: Ilana and Eugene Rosenberg’s Path to the Hologenome Theory

Ehud Lamm

in Dreamers, Visionaries, and Revolutionaries in the Life Sciences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226569871
eISBN:
9780226570075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226570075.003.0019
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter presents the origins of the hologenome theory developed by Eugene Rosenberg and Ilana Zilber-Rosenberg. This theory takes holobionts, which consist of a multi-cellular organism together ... More


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