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Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Samir Okasha

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Does natural selection act primarily on individual organisms, on groups, on genes, or on whole species? This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the long-standing controversy in evolutionary ... More


Conclusion and prospects

Claude Hagège

in Adpositions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199575008
eISBN:
9780191722578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575008.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This concluding chapter begins with a review of discussions in the preceding chapters. It then discusses adpositions as morpholexical units shedding light on a theory of linguistic categories; ... More


Non Legato

Heinrich Schenker

in The Art of Performance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195151510
eISBN:
9780199871582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151510.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter describes non legato as an articulation whereby each note receives its own pressure and whose sound duration is strictly defined. The physical means of attaining this are described as in ... More


Unit‐Root Asymptotic Theories (I)

Michio Hatanaka

in Time-Series-Based Econometrics: Unit Roots and Co-integrations

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198773535
eISBN:
9780191596360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198773536.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter introduces extended asymptotic theories on the unit root developed in Fuller (1976), Dickey and Fuller (1979), Phillips (1987), and Phillips and Perron (1988) among others. The theories ... More


Changing Authority Relations within French Academic Research Units since the 1960s: From Patronage to Partnership

Severine Louvel

in Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590193
eISBN:
9780191723445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590193.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Knowledge Management

Much recent research has focused on how intensified competition for resources and increasing demands for relevance and accountability have affected patterns of authority relations between academics ... More


Municipal Governments, Socialist Land Masters, and Urban Land Battles

You‐tien Hsing

in The Great Urban Transformation: Politics of Land and Property in China

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199568048
eISBN:
9780191721632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568048.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

Chapter 2 discusses local politics at the municipal government level. It focuses on land battles in the urban core between high‐ranking state units (or “socialist land masters”) ... More


Devolution and Decentralization

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

in Democracy and Public Management Reform: Building the Republican State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199261185
eISBN:
9780191601507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261180.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Besides decentralization to executive agencies and social organizations, public management reform involves devolution to sub-national units of activities and the corresponding fiscal resources to ... More


Mergers and Acquisitions

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0022
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter shows how the firm can use marketing-finance fusion to evaluate mergers and acquisition strategies. It examines the potential gains from mergers, the history of mergers and acquisitions, ... More


The Quotable Bible

Alexander Samely

in Forms of Rabbinic Literature and Thought: An Introduction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296736
eISBN:
9780191712067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296736.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter introduces the role of the Hebrew Bible in the constitution of rabbinic documents and thought. It presents the smallest unit of rabbinic interpretation, and explains that brief, ... More


Music Therapy and Parent–Infant Bonding

Jane Edwards (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580514
eISBN:
9780191728730
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580514.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Music therapy is an internationally recognized field of professional evidence-based practice. Qualified music therapists use the engaging, non-verbal aspects of music to create relationships in which ... More


Cointegration and Modelling the Long Run

Simon Price

in Research Strategies in the Social Sciences: A Guide to New Approaches

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292371
eISBN:
9780191600159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292376.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Extending the regression model to the analysis of non‐stationary, or trended, data. The examples demonstrate the application of unit root methodology, Engle‐Granger co‐integration procedures, and ... More


Just‐Cause, Administrative Boundaries, and the Politics of Denial

Margaret Moore

in The Ethics of Nationalism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297468
eISBN:
9780191599958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297467.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the dominant conception of self‐determination in the decolonization period, and in much international law and practice, according to which self‐determination occurs within ... More


Senior Officials in the German Federal Administration: Institutional Change and Positional Differentiation

Klaus H. Goetz

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This account of institutional change and positional differentiation of senior officials in Germany's Federal administration is presented in five sections. Section I, ‘Senior Officials and the ... More


Mediating Problem Choice: Academic Researchers' Responses to Changes in their Institutional Environment

Liudvika Leišytė, Jürgen Enders, and Harry de Boer

in Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590193
eISBN:
9780191723445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590193.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Knowledge Management

New governance approaches are at the forefront of discussions of public sector reforms, including where they involve academic research where a novel type of institutional environment has been created ... More


Estimating State and Local Government Pension and Retiree Health Care Liabilities

Stephen T. McElhaney

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Liabilities for pension and retiree health-care benefits provided by US state and local governments are causing concerns for taxpayers and for those holding government bonds. Many question whether ... More


Roman Military Units in Olbia

V. M. ZUBAR

in Classical Olbia and the Scythian World: From the Sixth Century BC to the Second Century AD

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264041
eISBN:
9780191734311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264041.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

Around the middle of the first century, Olbia was under siege from the Getae. It was either destroyed or abandoned shortly before its destruction. It was only inhabited at the turn of the first ... More


The selective observer

Marian Stamp Dawkins

in Observing Animal Behaviour: design and analysis of quantitative data

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198569350
eISBN:
9780191717512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569350.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

All observations are a selection of all the animal behaviour that could be observed. This chapter discusses what this means in terms of designing a research project. Selection has to be made about ... More


Introduction

Scott Eddie

in Landownership in Eastern Germany Before the Great War: A Quantitative Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198201663
eISBN:
9780191718434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201663.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter sets the historical stage, puts the study in context, and reviews the relevant literature, beginning with the pioneering efforts of Johannes Conrad to quantify land ownership by size and ... More


An evolutionary conservation biology

Jacob Höglund

in Evolutionary Conservation Genetics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199214211
eISBN:
9780191706660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214211.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter begins with a discussion of human impact on biodiversity. It then discusses human impact on evolutionary processes, evolutionary responses of harvesting, conservation of evolutionary ... More


Motor Unit Potential Studies

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The discharge of an anterior horn cell causes an action potential to travel down its axon, producing an almost synchronous depolarization of the muscle fibers it innervates. This physiologic unit is ... More


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