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Induction

Nicholas Maxwell

in The Comprehensibility of the Universe: A New Conception of Science

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261550
eISBN:
9780191698750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261550.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that aim-oriented approach solves the problems of induction. The solution to these problems also solves the problem of justifying persistent preference for simple theories in ... More


The Uniformity of Natural Laws

Matthew Stanley

in Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon: From Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226164878
eISBN:
9780226164908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226164908.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

One of the most basic elements of Victorian (and, indeed, modern) scientific practice was the expectation that nature functioned according to fixed laws, which never varied in time or place. This ... More


 Laws and their Confirmation

Wolfgang Spohn

in The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The remaining chapters are devoted to various philosophical applications of ranking theory. The first goal is to understand natural modalities as covertly epistemological modalities by a kind of ... More


Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon: From Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science

Matthew Stanley

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226164878
eISBN:
9780226164908
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226164908.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

During the Victorian period science shifted from being practiced in a theistic context to a naturalistic context. This book examines the foundations of that change. It is generally thought that this ... More


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