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 Obstacles to Responsibility

Kristin Shrader‐Frechette

in Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195325461
eISBN:
9780199869275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325461.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter surveys some of the main objections that might be brought against the responsibility argument. Chapters 1, 3, and 4 considered eight of these objections. This chapter evaluates eight ... More


The Economics of Unfairness

Simon Head

in The New Ruthless Economy: Work and Power in the Digital Age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195179835
eISBN:
9780199850211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179835.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter examines the unfairness in the workplace brought about by scientific management and industrial reengineering in the U.S. It discusses reforms that are needed to correct the imbalance of ... More


Utilitarianism Versus Dogmatic Intuitionism

David Phillips

in Sidgwickian Ethics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199778911
eISBN:
9780199919093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778911.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Sidgwick argues that his own proto-utilitarian axioms satisfy his four criteria for self-evidence, while the principles of common-sense morality do not. On anyone's account, this criterial argument ... More


Accessible and Nonaccessible Grounds of Political Decision

Kent Greenawalt

in Private Consciences and Public Reasons

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195094190
eISBN:
9780199853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195094190.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Analyzing the problems of decision making in the preceding chapter, the question posed here is “why would someone challenge grounds on which someone else makes political decisions?” Various answers ... More


Is It Right to Save the Greater Number?

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In the situation that we have to choose between the numbers of lives saved (is it right to save the greater number?), Ch. 6 argues against the existence of the conflict between considerations of the ... More


The cost of care if you don’t own your home

Glenda Roberts

in Local Authorities and the Social Determinants of Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781447356233
eISBN:
9781447356271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447356233.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter addresses the complex set of issues when a person does not own their home. It has been acknowledged and debated for a long time that the social care funding system is not fit for ... More


Fair Labelling and Social Solidarity

Victor Tadros

in Principles and Values in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice: Essays in Honour of Andrew Ashworth

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199696796
eISBN:
9780191742293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696796.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

This chapter focuses on ‘fair labelling’ in criminal law. It builds upon Ashworth's exposition of fair labelling to explore variant forms of unfairness in the labelling of crimes and the holding of ... More


Unfair Contracts

Hugh Collins

in Regulating Contracts

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199258017
eISBN:
9780191717857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258017.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines the regulation of unfairness in contracts in the strict sense of an imbalance between the performances required by each party under the contract. It challenges two popular ... More


Markets and Morality

James R. Otteson

in Honorable Business: A Framework for Business in a Just and Humane Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190914202
eISBN:
9780190914240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190914202.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Strategy

Chapter 4 raises the question of how markets and morality go together, and how our conception of honorable business might deal with some of the leading objections critics have raised to markets and ... More


Exploitation and Intolerable Unfairness

Mark R. Reiff

in Exploitation and Economic Justice in the Liberal Capitalist State

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199664009
eISBN:
9780191751400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664009.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the concept of intolerable unfairness and shows how this concept can be used to limit what would otherwise be the uncomfortably broad implications of a cost-of-production-based ... More


Why People Radicalize

Kees Van Den Bos

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190657345
eISBN:
9780190657376
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190657345.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book focuses on the issue of why people radicalize. This issue includes the question of why sometimes Muslims or those who identify with right-wing or left-wing politics engage in violent ... More


Confessions

Tim Hillier and Gavin Dingwall

in Criminal Justice and the Pursuit of Truth

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781529203189
eISBN:
9781529203226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529203189.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Confessions are commonly viewed as determinative of guilt. Psychological research and documented miscarriages of justice, however, show that confessions are not always reliable: some are induced ... More


Truth and the Probity of Evidence-Gathering

Tim Hillier and Gavin Dingwall

in Criminal Justice and the Pursuit of Truth

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781529203189
eISBN:
9781529203226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529203189.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Procedural rules are sometimes breached, intentionally or inadvertently, in the evidence-gathering process. The evidence uncovered may incriminate or exculpate a suspect. If the primary determinant ... More


The Anvil of Neglect and the Hammer of Exploitation: Fault Lines in Research Ethics

Alex John London

in For the Common Good: Philosophical Foundations of Research Ethics

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780197534830
eISBN:
9780197534861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197534830.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores tensions in research ethics between three moral pitfalls: sanctioning wrongdoing, avoiding the ravages of neglect, and not saddling a narrow range of actors with overly ... More


Avoiding Justice: Research at the Auction Block

Alex John London

in For the Common Good: Philosophical Foundations of Research Ethics

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780197534830
eISBN:
9780197534861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197534830.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Although the principle of justice plays a peripheral role in domestic research in high-income countries, it grounds a series of requirements in international research relating to responsiveness to ... More


Fairness

Neema Parvini

in Shakespeare's Moral Compass

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474432870
eISBN:
9781474453745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474432870.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

Fairness concerns itself with proportionality, not equality. It is a question of reciprocity – “just desserts”, what one deserves – rather than egalitarian distribution. This chapter focuses on how ... More


Procedural Unfairness in Real and Film Trials: Why do Audiences Understand Stories Placed in Foreign Legal Systems?

Stefan Machura

in Law and Popular Culture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199272235
eISBN:
9780191699603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272235.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter analyses procedural unfairness in trials in real life and in motion pictures. It aims to explain why law films from one country are usually sufficiently understood by audience almost ... More


Discretionary Exclusion of Confessions and Other Evidence—General Principles

Peter Mirfield

in Silence, Confessions and Improperly Obtained Evidence

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198262695
eISBN:
9780191682391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262695.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Though the authority on the point is surprisingly sparse, there can be no doubt at all that it was and is a general rule of the common law that the admissibility in law of evidence is not affected by ... More


Legislative Control of Fairness: The Directive on Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts

Hugh Beale

in Good Faith and Fault in Contract Law

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265788
eISBN:
9780191682964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265788.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

This chapter deals with the topic that has assumed major importance in modern contract law, namely legislative control of unfairness. It discusses the difficulties raised by standard contracts and ... More


Truncated opportunities: eliciting unheard voices on social evils

Alice Mowlam and Chris Creegan

in Contemporary social evils

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424099
eISBN:
9781447301981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424099.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

The Qualitative Research Unit at the independent research organisation, National Centre for Social Research, was commissioned to organise a series of discussion events so that a range of the ... More


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