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Ever Earlier Retirement: Comparing Employment Trajectories

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286119
eISBN:
9780191604089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286116.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The chapter analyzes the main trends and cross-national variations in early exit from work for eight European countries, Japan, and the USA. Participation levels and employment rates of older workers ... More


Unemployment

Ian Gazeley and Andrew Newell

in Work and Pay in 20th Century Britain

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199212668
eISBN:
9780191712807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212668.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter reviews the reasons why unemployment was so high in the 1920s and 1930s, so low in the 1950s and 1960s, why it rose to much higher levels in the 1980s, and why it seemed to fall after ... More


Animal Spirits, Persistent Unemployment, and the Belief Function

Roger E. A. Farmer

in Rethinking Expectations: The Way Forward for Macroeconomics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155234
eISBN:
9781400846450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155234.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the persistence of unemployment by drawing from John Maynard Keynes' two central ideas. The first idea is that any unemployment rate can persist as an equilibrium. The second is ... More


Seven Schools of Macroeconomic Thought

Edmund S. Phelps

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283331
eISBN:
9780191596766
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283334.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This volume represents the publication of seven lectures––the first annual Arne Ryde Memorial lectures administered by the University of Lund––on what the author deems to be the seven leading schools ... More


Unemployment and Youth Insertion in the Labor Market in Egypt

Hanaa Kheir-El-Din

in The Egyptian Economy: Current Challenges and Future Prospects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774161544
eISBN:
9781617970306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774161544.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Using data from the recently released Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey (ELMPS) of 2006, this chapter shows that there has been a decline in both the relative and absolute size of unemployment in Egypt ... More


Sociotropic Voting and the Media

Stephen Ansolabehere, Marc Meredith, and Erik Snowberg

in Improving Public Opinion Surveys: Interdisciplinary Innovation and the American National Election Studies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151458
eISBN:
9781400840298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151458.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on the accuracy of citizens' estimates of facts about the general state of the economy and on the consequences of that information. It analyzes both the determinants and ... More


How do youth labor flows differ from those of older workers?

Vladislav Flek, Martin Hála, and Martina Mysíková

in Youth Labor in Transition: Inequalities, Mobility, and Policies in Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190864798
eISBN:
9780190864828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190864798.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Communities and Organizations

This chapter analyzes youth labor market dynamics, their structure, and their policy implications, focusing on selected European Union countries during the various stages of the Great Recession and ... More


Nonlinear models in economic theory

Timo Teräsvirta, Dag Tjøstheim, and W. J. Granger

in Modelling Nonlinear Economic Time Series

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199587148
eISBN:
9780191595387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587148.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter contains a number of examples of families of nonlinear models in economic theory. These include disequilibrium models that have been applied to modelling markets with rationing or sticky ... More


A New Method for Estimating Time Variation in the NAIRU

William T. Dickens

in Understanding Inflation and the Implications for Monetary Policy: A Phillips Curve Retrospective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013635
eISBN:
9780262258784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013635.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter presents a new approach to estimating time variation in the non-accelerating inflation rate of unemployment (NAIRU). A major problem with Phillips curve-based estimates is that the ... More


Rural Unemployment and Agricultural Wages in Odisha: Analysis of Major Trends and Policy Options

Raj Kishore Panda

in The Economy of Odisha: A Profile

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199464784
eISBN:
9780199086801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199464784.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter examines different dimensions of rural unemployment and association of unemployment with poverty in rural Odisha. It measures the trends in wages of field labourers vis-à-vis wages of ... More


Hysteresis in Unemployment

Laurence Ball

in Understanding Inflation and the Implications for Monetary Policy: A Phillips Curve Retrospective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013635
eISBN:
9780262258784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013635.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter addresses two broad issues. The first is whether there is clear evidence of hysteresis effects. To put it differently, can we reject the hypothesis that the non-accelerating inflation ... More


Residential Mortgage Defaults, Foreclosures, and Modifications

Faten Sabry, Ignacio Franceschelli, and Drew Claxton

in The Handbook of Mortgage-Backed Securities: 7th Edition

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198785774
eISBN:
9780191827594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785774.003.0028
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter reviews several factors that impact mortgage default behavior; the expansive literature on the determinants of mortgage default, before and after the credit crisis; and the private and ... More


Employment Growth: Its Strengths and Limitations

Robert Cherry and Robert Lerman

in Moving Working Families Forward: Third Way Policies That Can Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814717189
eISBN:
9780814769904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814717189.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter determines the employment and wage benefits to working families from a high-employment economy and identifies its inadequacies. With the persistence of almost double-digit official ... More


A Macro-theoretic Survey of Monetary Policy in a Closed Economy

Rohit Azad and C. Saratchand

in Economics: Volume 3: Macroeconomics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199458950
eISBN:
9780199086900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199458950.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Monetary policy has been under discussion both before and after Keynes’s General Theory. While he was sceptical of its efficacy, the current mainstream macroeconomic consensus accords it primacy in ... More


Who leaves the labour market and who returns? The changing effect of marriage and children

Cristina Solera

in Women in and out of paid work: Changes across generations in Italy and Britain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349309
eISBN:
9781447304319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349309.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter first looks at the entire observed work trajectory from first job up until the age of 35 in order to furnish a descriptive picture of how many and which women, in each cohort, have ... More


Labor Market Policies and Employment Duration: The Effects of Labor Market Reform in Argentina

Hugo A. Hopenhayn

in Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226322827
eISBN:
9780226322858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226322858.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Over the last few years, the debate on labor market reform has been at the center of economic policy debate in Argentina. This debate has been fueled by the sustained growth in the unemployment rate ... More


The Sympathetic State: Disaster Relief and the Origins of the American Welfare State

Michele Landis Dauber

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226923482
eISBN:
9780226923505
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923505.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Even as unemployment rates soared during the Great Depression, FDR's relief and social security programs faced attacks in Congress and the courts on the legitimacy of federal aid to the growing ... More


Unemployment in South Africa

Cecil Mlatsheni and Murray Leibbrandt

in The Oxford Companion to the Economics of South Africa

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199689248
eISBN:
9780191789731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689248.003.0030
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Over the past 20 years the unemployment rate in South Africa has not fallen below 20% and stands at 25% in 2013. Racial inequality is also evident in unemployment. The unemployment rates of Africans ... More


. The Household Effects of Government Spending

Francesco Giavazzi and Michael McMahon

in Fiscal Policy after the Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226018447
eISBN:
9780226018584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226018584.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines how households respond to changes in a particular type of government spending: military contracts awarded by the Pentagon. Results show significant differences in the effects of ... More


Youth, Jobs, and the Future: Problems and Prospects

Lynn S. Chancer, Martín Sánchez-Jankowski, and Christine Trost (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190685898
eISBN:
9780190685935
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685898.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work, Economic Sociology

This book confronts the persistent issues of youth unemployment and worsening socioeconomic precarity in the United States. While overall unemployment has declined, the unemployment rate remains ... More


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