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The Protection‐Pull Factors: Multiple Pathways to Early Exit

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286119
eISBN:
9780191604089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286116.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

There are multiple pathways to early exit from work: early pensions (retirement age before 65), flexible and partial pensions, special preretirement schemes, long-term unemployment benefits, and ... More


Supporting unemployed people: income protection and activation

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter discusses three periods of policy change in the field of social protection for unemployed people. It explains basic parameters of unemployment protection systems, contrasting contemporary ... More


 Labor Market Institutions and Unemployment: Assessment of the Cross‐Country Evidence

Dean Baker, Andrew Glyn, David R. Howell, and John Schmitt

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Chapter 3 takes up the question of the robustness of the cross-country evidence for the orthodox claim that labor market institutions explain the pattern of unemployment across the affluent ... More


 Employment Performance and Labor Market Institutions: The Case of Spain

Rafael Muñoz de Bustillo Llorente

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

From a stunning 23.9% in 1994, Spain’s unemployment rate fell to 13% in 2001. In this chapter, Bustillo challenges the conventional views that the main culprits of Spain’s high unemployment were ... More


The Welfare State: The Security Dimension

Per Arnt Pettersen

in The Scope of Government

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294740
eISBN:
9780191598838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294743.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The basic question for analysis in this chapter is whether people prefer that security benefits such as state pension schemes, public health services, and unemployment benefits should expand, ... More


The United Kingdom: towards a single working-age benefit system

Jochen Clasen

in Regulating the Risk of Unemployment: National Adaptations to Post-Industrial Labour Markets in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199592296
eISBN:
9780191731471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592296.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter shows that all three process of integration can be identified in the United Kingdom. The declining relevance of the principle of social insurance has led to benefit homogenization within ... More


 Unemployment and Labor Market Institutions: An Assessment

David R. Howell

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This concluding chapter makes use of evidence from the earlier chapters in this volume, from other recent country case studies, and from additional data on selected country “success stories” and ... More


 Is the OECD Jobs Strategy behind U.S. and British Employment and Unemployment Success in the 1990s?

John Schmitt and Jonathan Wadsworth

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The authors investigate the extent to which the logic of flexibility that underpins the OECD’s Job Study can explain the relative labor-market performance of the United States and the United Kingdom. ... More


The Political Economy of Labour Market Institutions

Gilles Saint-Paul

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293323
eISBN:
9780191596841
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293321.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Most economists think that unemployment is high in Europe because of rigid labour market institutions such as minimum wages, unemployment benefits, and employment protection. The book develops a ... More


Unemployment protection and labour market change in Europe: towards ‘triple integration’?

Jochen Clasen and Daniel Clegg

in Regulating the Risk of Unemployment: National Adaptations to Post-Industrial Labour Markets in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199592296
eISBN:
9780191731471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592296.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The traditional European approach to unemployment protection developed in the context of industrial labour markets, and its key institutional features, ensured a relatively virtuous interaction ... More


Unemployment Benefits and Other Measures for the Unemployed

Gilles Saint‐Paul

in The Political Economy of Labour Market Institutions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293323
eISBN:
9780191596841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293321.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter analyses the political support for unemployment benefits. The traditional view, which focuses on their insurance value, is reformulated. We qualify it by introducing positive effects of ... More


Hungary: fiscal pressures and a rising resentment against the (idle) poor 1

Anil Duman and Ágota Scharle

in Regulating the Risk of Unemployment: National Adaptations to Post-Industrial Labour Markets in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199592296
eISBN:
9780191731471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592296.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Hungarian labour market processes were dominated by the economic transition for most of the 1990s. The chapter first describes the labour market institutions and policies established in response to ... More


 Is Labor Market Regulation at the Root of Unemployment?: The Case of Germany and the Netherlands

Ronald Schettkat

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

While the Netherlands experienced high unemployment in the late 1980s, it outperformed the United States in the early 1990s and has done so since 1997. Germany’s high unemployment is entirely a ... More


Increased Income Inequality in OECD Countries and the Redistributive Impact of the Government Budget

Anthony B. Atkinson

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The recent rise in inequality in the distribution of disposable income in many, although not all, countries has led to a search for explanations, particularly since for much of the postwar period ... More


Unemployment

Charles H. Feinstein, Peter Temin, and Gianni Toniolo

in The World Economy between the World Wars

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195307559
eISBN:
9780199867929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307559.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Large-scale industrial unemployment was a new and unwelcome phenomenon in the 1930s. In addition to surveying official statistics, this chapter describes the experience of being unemployed in Europe ... More


5 5 Labour’s Retreats

Andrew Glyn

in Capitalism Unleashed: Finance, Globalization, and Welfare

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199226795
eISBN:
9780191710544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226795.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter reviews the patterns of employment, wages, and working conditions across the OECD countries. Topics covered include employment and structural change, the declining position of the ... More


Vocational Education and Training of the Unemployed and Public Employment Services

Mark Freedland, Paul Craig, Catherine Jacqueson, and Nicola Kountouris

in Public Employment Services and European Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199233489
eISBN:
9780191716324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233489.003.0008
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Employment Law

This chapter analyses the provision of vocational education and training to the unemployed by public employment services, and increasingly private employment services. It is argued that these ... More


 Testing the Flexibility Paradigm: Canadian Labor Market Performance in International Context

Jim Stanford

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Like most of Europe, Canada experienced high levels of unemployment from the early 1980s through the late 1990s. It responded by introducing significant labor market reforms aimed at implementing ... More


 Labor Market Success and Labor Market Reform: Lessons from Ireland and New Zealand

Andrew Glyn

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Ireland and New Zealand are often acclaimed as 1990s labor market success stories. Andrew Glyn shows that Ireland achieved this extraordinary improvement in labor market performance without adopting ... More


Adapting Labour Market Policy to a Transformed Employment Structure: The Politics of ‘Triple Integration’

Jochen Clasen and Daniel Clegg

in The Politics of the New Welfare State

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199645244
eISBN:
9780191745119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645244.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, Comparative Politics

Having mainly focused on the issue of activation in cash benefit systems alone, many recent analyses of labour market policy reform have failed to adequately grasp the fundamental transformation of ... More


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