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Capitalism Justified?

Philippe Van Parijs

in Real Freedom for All: What (if Anything) Can Justify Capitalism?

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293576
eISBN:
9780191600074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293577.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Is there any reason to expect some form of socialism to do better than any form of capitalism in terms of securing a high sustainable level of basic income? None of the familiar arguments against ... More


Unemployment Benefits and Other Measures for the Unemployed

Gilles Saint‐Paul

in The Political Economy of Labour Market Institutions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293323
eISBN:
9780191596841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293321.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter analyses the political support for unemployment benefits. The traditional view, which focuses on their insurance value, is reformulated. We qualify it by introducing positive effects of ... More


The Afterlife of NEETs

Karen Robson

in Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732180
eISBN:
9780199866182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In the last two to three years, the acronym NEET, for “not in education, employment, or training,” has cropped up in policy discussions surrounding young people's transition from school to work, ... More


Faith, charity and citizenship: Christianity, voluntarism and the state in the 1980s

Eliza Filby

in The Ages of Voluntarism: How we got to the Big Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264829
eISBN:
9780191754036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264829.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores the oppositional role of the voluntary sector in a period of hardship and social unrest, considering the Anglican Church's response to Thatcherism. Despite secularisation and ... More


Quantity over quality? A European comparison of the changing nature of transitions between non-employment and employment

Werner Eichhorst, Regina Konle-Seidl, Alison Koslowski, and Paul Marx

in Regulating the Risk of Unemployment: National Adaptations to Post-Industrial Labour Markets in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199592296
eISBN:
9780191731471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592296.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter explores empirical evidence for the claim that the non‐employed in post‐industrial labour markets are more likely to make the transition into employment than has previously been the case. ... More


A Company of One: Insecurity, Independence, and the New World of White-Collar Unemployment

Carrie M. Lane

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449642
eISBN:
9780801460791
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449642.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

Being laid off can be a traumatic event. The unemployed worry about how they will pay their bills and find a new job. In the American economy's boom-and-bust business cycle since the 1980s, repeated ... More


Unemployment and Unemployment Relief

George R. Boyer

in The Winding Road to the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the extent of cyclical, seasonal, and casual unemployment from 1870 to 1914, and shows that reported unemployment rates greatly understate the probability of job loss faced by ... More


The Relationship between Public Employment Services and the Unemployed

Mark Freedland, Paul Craig, Catherine Jacqueson, and Nicola Kountouris

in Public Employment Services and European Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199233489
eISBN:
9780191716324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233489.003.0010
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Employment Law

This chapter argues that the State is no longer seen as a provider of employment, but rather as a provider of ‘employability’ directly focusing on the unemployed (rather than on the labour market or ... More


Welfare-to-Work Programmes Under the Poor Laws

Amir Paz-Fuchs

in Welfare to Work: Conditional Rights in Social Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237418
eISBN:
9780191717192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237418.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

Contemporary programmes are replete with themes and rationales that are similar to those of the Poor Law era. For this reason, the socio-legal history of the poor laws provides an introduction to the ... More


Contemporary Welfare-to-Work Programmes

Amir Paz-Fuchs

in Welfare to Work: Conditional Rights in Social Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237418
eISBN:
9780191717192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237418.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter introduces contemporary welfare-to-work programmes in the United States and Britain. It focuses on the way contemporary welfare-to-work programmes are characterized by the conditioning ... More


Law and the Contradictions of the Disability Rights Movement

Samuel R. Bagenstos

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300124491
eISBN:
9780300155433
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300124491.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

The passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in 1990 was hailed as revolutionary legislation, but in the ensuing years restrictive Supreme Court decisions have prompted accusations that ... More


The Decline of Mortality in the Czech Republic during the Transition: A Counterfactual Case Study

Jiri Blazek and Dagmar Dzúrová

in The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297413
eISBN:
9780191685347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

While most of the Eastern European countries suffered under the mortality crises, the Czech Republic on the other hand experienced an improvement in its population. In most of the Eastern European ... More


Escape from Germany

Mariusz Kotowski

in Pola Negri: Hollywood's First Femme Fatale

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813144887
eISBN:
9780813145105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813144887.003.0021
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Showing that she values moral integrity over a paycheck, Negri makes her break from Germany by way of a routine vacation provided by the UFA. She leaves her possessions behind so her employers won't ... More


The Making of the Beveridge Report

Jose Harris

in William Beveridge: A Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206859
eISBN:
9780191677335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206859.003.0017
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

Throughout the 1930s there had been a growing body of criticism of the social welfare system—a movement in which Beveridge himself to a certain extent had shared. Various social policy questions ... More


Workers in Hard Times: A Long View of Economic Crises

Leon Fink, Joan Sangster, and Joseph A. McCartin (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038174
eISBN:
9780252095979
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038174.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Seeking to historicize today's “Great Recession,” this volume of essays uses examples from North America, South America, Europe, Asia, and Australia to situate the current economic crisis and its ... More


Smashing Things

Terry Chester Shulman

in Film's First Family: The Untold Story of the Costellos

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780813178097
eISBN:
9780813178127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813178097.003.0008
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Maurice’s popularity is already on the wane in 1913, before he makes matters worse by physically assaulting Mae in a drunken rage and grabbing the attention of the press. The following year he’s ... More


Desperation

Terry Chester Shulman

in Film's First Family: The Untold Story of the Costellos

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780813178097
eISBN:
9780813178127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813178097.003.0009
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The Costellos slide back into poverty after Maurice parts ways with Vitagraph. They literally starve in the Bayside mansion as film work dries up completely and Maurice goes off on his own to pawn ... More


The Worker

Tee L. Guidotti

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

A worker is one who engages in compensated work, regardless of social class or status or how the money is earned. A worker may be a professional person such as a physician or lawyer or someone who ... More


Working Parents

Andrew E. Clark, Sarah Flèche, Richard Layard, Nattavudh Powdthavee, and George Ward

in The Origins of Happiness: The Science of Well-Being over the Life Course

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196336
eISBN:
9780691196954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196336.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter takes a look at how working parents can affect their children, and how. Evidence from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) shows that, other things held constant ... More


Young people’s attitudes and values

Jacqueline O’Reilly and Clémentine Moyart (eds)

in Youth Employment: Style Handbook

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447350347
eISBN:
9781447350354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447350347.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter discusses the attitudes and aspirations of young people themselves. First, it considers whether being employed, being jobless, or having a temporary contract affect young people's ... More


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