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The Battle Against Hunger: Choice, Circumstance, and the World Bank

Devi Sridhar

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549962
eISBN:
9780191720499
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549962.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

We live in an increasingly prosperous world, yet the estimated number of undernourished people has risen, and will continue to rise with the doubling of food prices. A large majority of those ... More


The World Bank in India

Devi Sridhar

in The Battle Against Hunger: Choice, Circumstance, and the World Bank

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549962
eISBN:
9780191720499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549962.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

This chapter begins with a brief history of nutrition and poverty concerns both in India and in the World Bank. The purpose of these sections is to describe the forces that led to the Bank-India ... More


Understanding Hunger

Devi Sridhar

in The Battle Against Hunger: Choice, Circumstance, and the World Bank

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549962
eISBN:
9780191720499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549962.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

This chapter examines how nutrition is defined within the Bank, specifically looking at the biomedical influence on the Bank's approach to hunger. It concludes that undernutrition is constructed as a ... More


Addressing Undernutrition in India: Do ‘Rational’ Approaches Work?

Devi Sridhar

in Paradoxes of Modernization: Unintended Consequences of Public Policy Reform

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199573547
eISBN:
9780191722677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573547.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

The estimated number of undernourished people around the world has increased to nearly 923 million and is projected to rise with increasing food prices. A large majority of those affected live in ... More


Economic Growth and Public Support

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in Hunger and Public Action

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283652
eISBN:
9780191596193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283652.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Possible dissonance between income and achievements of quality of life is noted. Then two alternatives for removing precarious living conditions are explored: growth‐mediated security and support‐led ... More


China and India

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in Hunger and Public Action

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283652
eISBN:
9780191596193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283652.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Taking advantage of the similarities between China and India when they began their development planning, an assessment is made of their achievements and how eventually China had greater success than ... More


Experiences of Direct Support

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in Hunger and Public Action

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283652
eISBN:
9780191596193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283652.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The strategy of support‐led security is examined, reflected in the experiences of some selected countries, in particular, Sri Lanka, Chile, and Costa Rica. This strategy is distinguished by the use ... More


Production, Entitlements and Nutrition

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in Hunger and Public Action

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283652
eISBN:
9780191596193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283652.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The problem of public action in combating persistent undernutrition and endemic deprivation is raised. The argument is made for broadening the attention from food self‐sufficiency to food adequacy, ... More


Understanding the Drivers of Nutritional Status of Children in Rural India

Rekha Sharma, J.V. Meenakshi, and Sanghamitra Das

in Growth, Development, and Diversity: India's Record since Liberalization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077992
eISBN:
9780199081608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077992.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses the correlates of child nutritional status in rural India in an attempt to understand which drivers may be used as entry points to policy intervention. Using children’s ... More


Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Peter Svedberg

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A large share of the population in many developing countries suffers from chronic undernutrition. This book provides a detailed comparative study of undernutrition in sub‐Saharan Africa and South ... More


Aggregate Estimations of Prevalence of Undernutrition: Scope for Improvements?

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter summarizes the main findings in the preceding five chapters, aimed at critically assessing the FAO's food‐supply‐based approach for estimating the prevalence of undernutrition. The scope ... More


Anthropometric Indicators of Undernutrition: Measurements and Evidence

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter sets out by assessing the uniform height and weight norms established by the WHO, which are conventionally used to gauge the anthropometric status of people of different age and sex, ... More


Growth, Public Action, and Well‐Being: What Can Sub‐Saharan Africa Learn from Others?

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The basic question is what governments in sub‐Saharan Africa can learn from researched experience in other parts of the world so as to break the present deadlock. If ever the political urge to ... More


Synthesis and Conclusions

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This final chapter first summarizes the main reasons why the FAO method for estimating undernutrition fails and why the anthropometric approach—despite shortcomings—is to be preferred. It also offers ... More


Background and Introduction

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In this introductory chapter, a road map of the contents of the book is provided. The reasons for focusing the investigation of poverty and undernutrition on countries in sub‐Saharan Africa and South ... More


Characterization and Measurement of Undernutrition: Controversies and Consensus

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Some of the basic nutrition and economics concepts to be used later in the book are defined and explained. These include the energy identity and the energy balance, as well as the genetic potential ... More


Undernutrition: The FAO Estimates

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In this chapter, the most well‐known model used for estimating the prevalence of undernutrition worldwide is presented. This is the model proposed by the FAO and applied for monitoring the progress ... More


Calorie Availability in Sub‐Saharan Africa

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The national per‐capita food (calorie) availability is by far the most important parameter in the FAO estimations; it explains 97% of the variation in the inter‐country estimates of the prevalence of ... More


From Individual Calorie Requirements to Per‐Capita Calorie Cut‐Off Points

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The hurdles encountered in going from estimating calorie requirements for individuals to establishing a minimum per person calorie norm for households are analysed in Ch. 9. Households’ per person ... More


Undernutrition in Sub‐Saharan Africa: A Critical Assessment of the Evidence

Peter Svedberg

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 3: Endemic Hunger

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286370
eISBN:
9780191718441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286370.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

From 5% to 45% of the population of sub-Saharan Africa appear to be undernourished, depending on the indicator and sources consulted. This enormous discrepancy calls for a diagnosis of the extent of ... More


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