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Investigating the Chinese Online Underground Economy

Zhuge Jianwei, Gu Lion, Duan Haixin, and Taylor Roberts

in China and Cybersecurity: Espionage, Strategy, and Politics in the Digital Domain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190201265
eISBN:
9780190201302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190201265.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter provides a detailed, empirical, structural investigation of the Chinese online underground economy. It estimates that the overall damage from the online underground economy has exceeded ... More


Globalism, America’s Ghettos, and Black Youth Development

William E. Cross

in International Perspectives on Youth Conflict and Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178425
eISBN:
9780199958528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178425.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

Globalism is associated with the movement of jobs and industry from one country to another, and from 1955 to the present, hundreds of thousands of industrial sector jobs were shifted from the United ... More


Sex Workers, Psychics, and Numbers Runners: Black Women in New York City's Underground Economy

LaShawn Harris

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040207
eISBN:
9780252098420
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040207.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

During the early twentieth century, a diverse group of African American women carved out unique niches for themselves within New York City's expansive informal economy. This book illuminates the ... More


Jim Crow Organized Crime: Black Chicago’s Underground Economy in the Twentieth Century

Will Cooley

in Building the Black Metropolis: African American Entrepreneurship in Chicago

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780252041426
eISBN:
9780252050022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041426.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the historical evolution of Chicago’s African American underground economy. During the first decades of the twentieth-century games of chance associated with cards and dice were ... More


The Rise of Prison Gangs

David Skarbek

in The Social Order of the Underworld: How Prison Gangs Govern the American Penal System

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199328499
eISBN:
9780199378890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199328499.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

When the convict code collapsed, prison gangs, such as the Aryan Brotherhood, Mexican Mafia, and Nuestra Familia, rose to fill the gap and to provide governance and to promote exchange of contraband ... More


Clandestino

Hans Lucht

in Darkness before Daybreak: African Migrants Living on the Margins in Southern Italy Today

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520270718
eISBN:
9780520950467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270718.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explains the methodological, thematic, and theoretical aspects of the present study. It introduces the municipality of Castelvolturno, north of Naples, where the study was conducted, and ... More


Conclusion

Hans Lucht

in Darkness before Daybreak: African Migrants Living on the Margins in Southern Italy Today

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520270718
eISBN:
9780520950467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270718.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This concluding chapter looks at the advances made by migrants in Italy. For the migrants who work in the Naples underground economy, it is a hard, risky life that offers certain possibilities and ... More


Migrant Work Situations

Hans Lucht

in Darkness before Daybreak: African Migrants Living on the Margins in Southern Italy Today

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520270718
eISBN:
9780520950467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270718.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter introduces a number of important themes, including reciprocity, day laboring, and illegal life in Italy. It then describes illegal immigration to Italy and the organization of the ... More


Governance in Online Stolen Data Markets

Meltem Odaba¸, Thomas J. Holt, and Ronald L. Breiger

in The Architecture of Illegal Markets: Towards an Economic Sociology of Illegality in the Economy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198794974
eISBN:
9780191836442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794974.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, International Business

We analyze the governance structure of online stolen data markets. As cybercriminal underground economies, stolen data markets are beyond the reach of state intervention, and yet they need form and ... More


The Landscape of Bribery and Corruption in the Shadows of Stalinism

James Heinzen

in The Art of the Bribe: Corruption Under Stalin, 1943-1953

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300175257
eISBN:
9780300224764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300175257.003.0002
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

The first chapter argues that a critical turning point in the development of the patterns of bribery that typified the later Soviet era was World War II and its aftermath. The extraordinary ... More


The Convict Code

David Skarbek

in The Social Order of the Underworld: How Prison Gangs Govern the American Penal System

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199328499
eISBN:
9780199378890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199328499.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Prior to the 1960s, inmates relied on a system of norms, known as “the convict code,” to create order. While these were effective before the 1960s, they began to break down as a result of changing ... More


Walking on Eggshells: Illegality, Employer Sanctions, and Disposable Workers

Angela Stuesse

in Scratching Out a Living: "Latinos, Race, and Work in the Deep South"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520287204
eISBN:
9780520962392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520287204.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA), which criminalized the act of hiring people without employment authorization and implemented a system of “employer sanctions” ... More


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