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Immigrants in the U.S. Economy

Min Zhou

in International Migration: Prospects and Policies in a Global Market

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199269006
eISBN:
9780191601309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269009.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Describes patterns of labour‐market insertion among foreign‐born workers in the US. Using the Labour Utilization Framework (LUF) and the 1990 US Census data, it shows that nationality groups differ ... More


The Causal Structure of the Economy

Christopher Dow

in Major Recessions: Britain and the World 1920-1995

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241231
eISBN:
9780191596179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241236.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Any such study as this one on recessions necessarily makes assumptions about the causal structure of the economy, and about the nature of underemployment or overfull employment. These involve ... More


The Two Interwar Recessions

Christopher Dow

in Major Recessions: Britain and the World 1920-1995

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241231
eISBN:
9780191596179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241236.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Through most of the interwar period, UK unemployment was high: it was high after the recession of 1921, and higher again during and after the Great Depression of 1929–32. It was argued in Ch. 3 that ... More


Fragmented Markets: Labour

Pranab Bardhan and Christopher Udry

in Development Microeconomics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198773719
eISBN:
9780191595929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198773714.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Outlines models that tackle the puzzle of wage rigidity existing under conditions of severe unemployment or underemployment in developing countries. It begins with efficiency wage models of ... More


The Underutilization of Women

Judy B. Rosener

in America’s Competitive Secret: Women Managers

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195119145
eISBN:
9780199854882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119145.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

Across various organizations, professional women often experience the feeling of being underutilized or devalued. The survey that the author conducted revealed how underutilization was an issue that ... More


Employment, Unemployment, and Decent Work

Tatsuru Akimoto

in Handbook of International Social Work: Human Rights, Development, and the Global Profession

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195333619
eISBN:
9780199918195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333619.003.0026
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter summarizes the global employment situation, which begins with an international comparison of employment composition by status, industry, and occupation. Reference to informal sectors is ... More


Youth, Jobs, and the Future: Problems and Prospects

Lynn S. Chancer, Martín Sánchez-Jankowski, and Christine Trost (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190685898
eISBN:
9780190685935
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685898.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work, Economic Sociology

This book confronts the persistent issues of youth unemployment and worsening socioeconomic precarity in the United States. While overall unemployment has declined, the unemployment rate remains ... More


Work and Meaning in a Jobless Suburb

Jennifer F. Hamer

in Abandoned in the Heartland: Work, Family, and Living in East St. Louis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520269316
eISBN:
9780520950177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520269316.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Contrary to popular belief, many black men and women want to work and actually do. Most black men and women do the work that is hardly noticed. Joblessness, underemployment, and poverty wages have ... More


The Rise of Unemployment Under Apartheid

Jeremy Seekings and Nicoli Nattrass

in Class, Race, and Inequality in South Africa

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300108927
eISBN:
9780300128758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300108927.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter discusses the rise of unemployment in South Africa in the late apartheid era. It examines existing data about unemployment, identifying the major causes of its growth in the mid- to late ... More


Economic crisis, work–life balance and class

Tracey Warren

in Social Policy Review 26: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2014

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447315568
eISBN:
9781447315582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447315568.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

In Chapter One, Tracey Warren focuses on the changing nature of the work-life balance in the light of the economic crisis. While much of the focus of social policy analysis in the past has been on ... More


War and the Next Lesson

John Kenneth Galbraith and James K. Galbraith

in Money: Whence It Came, Where It Went

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171661
eISBN:
9781400889082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171661.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the lessons of World War II with respect to money and monetary policy. World War I exposed the fragility of the monetary structure that had gold as its foundation, the great ... More


John Maynard Keynes

John Kenneth Galbraith

in Economics in Perspective: A Critical History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171647
eISBN:
9781400889075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171647.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the economic ideas of John Maynard Keynes. According to Keynes, the modern economy does not necessarily find its equilibrium at full employment; it can find it with ... More


High Noon

John Kenneth Galbraith

in Economics in Perspective: A Critical History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171647
eISBN:
9781400889075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171647.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the gains made by the Keynesians after World War II. The war had eliminated unemployment, and advocates of Keynesian economics were still exerting influence in Washington and ... More


Underemployment in the Early Careers of College Graduates following the Great Recession

Jaison R. Abel and Richard Deitz

in Education, Skills, and Technical Change: Implications for Future US GDP Growth

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226567808
eISBN:
9780226567945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226567945.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Though labor market conditions steadily improved following the Great Recession, underemployment among recent college graduates continued to climb, reaching highs not seen since the early 1990s. In ... More


Conclusion: Nesting the Black Panther Party in the Zeitgeist of Uncertainty

Omari L. Dyson

in On the Ground: The Black Panther Party in Communities across America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604734928
eISBN:
9781621035916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604734928.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

This book has investigated the experiences of the Black Panther Party (BPP), one of the most maligned yet celebrated organizations of the twentieth century, and the work they performed, as well as ... More


Exile, Recognition, and Underemployment 1935–1940

Carlos Kevin Blanton

in George I. Sánchez: The Long Fight for Mexican American Integration

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300190328
eISBN:
9780300210422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300190328.003.0004
Subject:
History, Latin American History

After Sánchez successfully pushed several educational reforms in New Mexico, the state refused to adopt his GEB-subsidized division. This left him without a job. He went through a period of ... More


Evaluating Targeted Policies

Robert Cherry and Robert Lerman

in Moving Working Families Forward: Third Way Policies That Can Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814717189
eISBN:
9780814769904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814717189.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explains how society cannot depend solely on macroeconomic expansions to solve problems of underemployment or to lift families out of near poverty—some targeted policies are required. ... More


“Life in the Hood”: How Social Context Matters

Robert D. Crutchfield

in Get a Job: Labor Markets, Economic Opportunity, and Crime

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814717073
eISBN:
9781479829729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814717073.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter analyzes community ecology and crime, and addresses questions of how the work and school experiences of residents are conditioned by the characteristics of the neighborhoods and local ... More


Conclusion

Hugh Cunningham

in Time, work and leisure: Life changes in England since 1700

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719085208
eISBN:
9781781706817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085208.003.0009
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter summarises the argument running through the book. It identifies key features of the period since 1970, in particular the rise of neo-liberal economics and the decline in status of trade ... More


Working and Living in the Shadow of Economic Fragility

Marion Crain and Michael Sherraden

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199988488
eISBN:
9780190218249
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988488.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Research and Evaluation

This book examines the current state of employment through historical, macroeconomic, cultural, sociological and policy lenses, in order to address fundamental questions about the role and value of ... More


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