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Individuality and Non-Individuality in Quantum Mechanics

Steven French and Décio Krause

in Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199278244
eISBN:
9780191603952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278245.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the concepts of indistinguishability, individuality, and non-individuality in the quantum context. It is argued that the above view of particles as non-individuals is not a ... More


An epistemological argument for the meta‐theoretic conception of laws

John T. Roberts

in The Law-Governed Universe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that if the universe is governed by laws of nature, then particular laws of nature cannot be discovered by empirical science unless the meta‐theoretic conception of laws is ... More


More Arguments Against Analyticity

Gillian Russell

in Truth in Virtue of Meaning: A Defence of the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199232192
eISBN:
9780191715907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232192.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter responds to some further arguments against analyticity, including the Regress Argument, arguments based on the widespread phenomenon of vagueness, arguments from semantic externalism and ... More


Constructive Empiricism and the Argument from Underdetermination

Maarten Van Dyck

in Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply from Bas C. van Fraassen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218844
eISBN:
9780191711732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218844.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the arguments van Fraassen gives for constructive empiricism. Van Fraassen is often presented as giving some version of the argument from underdetermination: the argument which ... More


Underdetermination and Evidence

Alexander Bird

in Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply from Bas C. van Fraassen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218844
eISBN:
9780191711732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218844.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter shows that the sceptical empiricist argument, and by extension any argument like it, fails. It considers the concept of evidence, endorsing Williamson's view that all and only knowledge ... More


The Structure of the Skeptical Argument

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0030
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter focuses on the question whether the standard closure-based sceptical argument requires the assumption of a second epistemic principle, an ‘underdetermination principle’, which could ... More


Underdetermination and Commonsense Realism *

Michael Devitt

in Putting Metaphysics First: Essays on Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280803
eISBN:
9780191723254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280803.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter defends commonsense realism from the underdetermination theses of extreme skepticism. If true, these would count against nearly all our knowledge and hence undermine realism about the ... More


Scientific Realism *

Michael Devitt

in Putting Metaphysics First: Essays on Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280803
eISBN:
9780191723254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280803.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues for scientific realism. Scientific realism is primarily a metaphysical doctrine about the existence and nature of the unobservables of science. There are good explanationist ... More


Scientific Realism

Michael Devitt (ed.)

in Truth and Realism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199288878
eISBN:
9780191594304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288878.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter begins by addressing the question: what is scientific realism? It then considers the most influential arguments for and against scientific realism. The arguments for are the ‘success ... More


Indeterminacy

Ernie Lepore and Kirk Ludwig

in Donald Davidson: Meaning, Truth, Language, and Reality

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199251346
eISBN:
9780191602634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251347.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Takes up the question of the indeterminacy of interpretation, according to which there is no unique correct interpretation theory for another speaker. Argues that indeterminacy cannot be made sense ... More


The Source of Scepticism

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemic Luck

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199280384
eISBN:
9780191602290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928038X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I maintain that the neo-Moorean response to scepticism is unable, by itself at any rate, to completely resolve the sceptical problem. The reason for this is that the contemporary discussion of ... More


How to Choose Between Empirically Indistinguishable Theories

Paul Horwich

in From a Deflationary Point of View

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199251261
eISBN:
9780191602252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251266.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The problem of underdetermination involves the questions: (1) Can incompatible total theories have the same testable questions? (2) If so, could there ever be a reason to choose between them? This ... More


The Place of Willard Van Orman Quine in Analytic Philosophy

Scott Soames

in Analytic Philosophy in America: And Other Historical and Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160726
eISBN:
9781400850464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160726.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter discusses the achievements of W. V. O. Quine and his place in analytic philosophy. It begins with Carnap’s logical empiricism, which set the context for Quine’s first major article in ... More


Radical Skepticism and Underdetermination

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemic Angst: Radical Skepticism and the Groundlessness of Our Believing

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691167237
eISBN:
9781400873913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167237.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter reveals a more nuanced way to conceive of the radical skeptical paradox—one that makes no essential appeal to a closure-style principle for knowledge. It discusses the skeptical ... More


Epistemological Disjunctivism and the Factivity of Reasons

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemic Angst: Radical Skepticism and the Groundlessness of Our Believing

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691167237
eISBN:
9781400873913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167237.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter demonstrates that epistemological disjunctivism represents a viable theoretical option when it comes to our understanding of perceptual knowledge. It also shows that this proposal has ... More


Epistemological Disjunctivism and Closure-Based Radical Skepticism

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemic Angst: Radical Skepticism and the Groundlessness of Our Believing

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691167237
eISBN:
9781400873913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167237.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains that the Achilles' heel of epistemological disjunctivism as an anti-skeptical strategy lies in the response that it offers to the closureRK-based radical skeptical paradox. In ... More


Utilitarian Underdetermination

Michael Slote

in From Morality to Virtue

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195093926
eISBN:
9780199833689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195093925.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Utilitarianism is also underdetermined as a theory. It must be stated either in actualist form (where rightness depends on actual consequences) or in some sort of expectabilist terms. But neither ... More


A Plea for Science Studies A Plea for Science Studies Philip Kitcher

Philip Kitcher

in A House Built on Sand: Exposing Postmodernist Myths About Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195117257
eISBN:
9780199785995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195117255.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This essay contrasts two views of science that are popular in Science Studies: the realist-rationalist approach, and the socio-historical perspective, and calls for an integration of the best ... More


Further Issues

Paul Humphreys

in Extending Ourselves: Computational Science, Empiricism, and Scientific Method

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195158700
eISBN:
9780199785964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195158709.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Various underdetermination arguments against selective realism are explored and rebutted. The role of abstraction and idealization in templates is explored. The fact that most computational processes ... More


Objectivity, Explanation, and Cognitive Shortfall

Stewart Shapiro

in Mind, Meaning, and Knowledge: Themes from the Philosophy of Crispin Wright

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199278053
eISBN:
9780191745386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278053.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter addresses some of Wright’s main theses in his widely influential Truth and Objectivity. According to Wright, objectivity is not a univocal concept. There are different notions or axes of ... More


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