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States of Mind

Paull Nunez

in Brain, Mind, and the Structure of Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195340716
eISBN:
9780199776269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340716.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter focuses on the interrelated roles of intuition, hunches, common sense, and the unconscious. It presents several examples from both science and folk psychology, some consisting of the ... More


In the Theater of Consciousness: The Workspace of the Mind

Bernard J. Baars

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195102659
eISBN:
9780199864126
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102659.001.1
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

The study of conscious experience has seen remarkable strides in the last ten years, reflecting important technological breakthroughs and the enormous efforts of researchers. Although still embroiled ... More


Implicit cognition: the data base

Arthur S. Reber

in Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge: An Essay on the Cognitive Unconscious

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195106589
eISBN:
9780199871698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195106589.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter introduces the notion of the primacy of the implicit, where the argument is made that from an evolutionary point of view, unconscious cognitive systems must have preceded explicit, ... More


Introduction: Psychology and Free Will

John Baer, James C Kaufman, and Roy F Baumeister

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the book and summarizes each of the chapters. The book looks both at recent experimental and theoretical work directly related to free will and at ... More


Introduction: Becoming Aware of the New Unconscious

James S. Uleman

in The New Unconscious

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195307696
eISBN:
9780199847488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307696.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Over the past decade or two, a new picture of unconscious processes has emerged from a variety of disciplines that are broadly part of cognitive science. Unconscious processes seem to be capable of ... More


Consciousness and Conclusions

Jean Matter Mandler

in Foundations of Mind: Origins of Conceptual Thought

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311839
eISBN:
9780199786770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311839.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reprises the role of consciousness in the various accomplishments described in earlier chapters. It summarizes the most important conclusions arising from the research and theory the ... More


Implicit learning from an information processing standpoint

Mark F. St. John and David R. Shanks

in How Implicit Is Implicit Learning?

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523512
eISBN:
9780191688928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523512.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins by arguing that implicit learning is not an unconscious process, and that learning is about storing instances in a superpositional memory system. It argues that earlier methods of ... More


Unconscious processing in neglect

Anna Berti

in The Cognitive and Neural Bases of Spatial Neglect

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508335
eISBN:
9780191687327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508335.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter outlines the evidence demonstrating the existence of unconscious processing of unperceived stimuli in neglect and related disorders, together with the evidence showing how awareness for ... More


Deconstructing Voluntary Action: Unconscious and Conscious Component Processes

Lara Krisst, Carlos Montemayor, and Ezequiel Morsella

in The Sense of Agency

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190267278
eISBN:
9780190267308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190267278.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Investigations of human action have led to the conclusion that much action production can occur unconsciously. Behaviors such as reflexes (e.g., the pupillary reflex, peristalsis) and automatisms in ... More


Creativity and Consciousness: Evidence from Psychology Experiments

Roy F. Baumeister, Brandon J. Schmeichel, and C. Nathan DeWall

in The Philosophy of Creativity: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199836963
eISBN:
9780199362547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199836963.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Mind

Addressing rival theories about the possible role of consciousness in creativity, this chapter uses theory and experimental evidence to argue that creativity requires interactive collaboration of ... More


Unconscious Perception

John R. Searle

in Seeing Things as They Are: A Theory of Perception

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199385157
eISBN:
9780199394197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385157.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

This chapter examines the notion of unconscious perception. It considers experiments on unconscious information processing, including blindsight, readiness potential, and reflexes. It argues that in ... More


On Repression

Douwe Draaisma

in Forgetting: Myths, Perils and Compensations

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300207286
eISBN:
9780300213959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207286.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

From the long history of controversy surrounding repression this chapter examines three episodes. The first episode began in 1905 when Freud published the case history of “Dora,” a young woman who ... More


Consciousness and attention: Partners but not equals

Bruno G. Breitmeyer

in The Visual (Un)Conscious and Its (Dis)Contents: A microtemporal approach

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780198712237
eISBN:
9780191794209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712237.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

The processes underlying attention and consciousness, while overlapping, are not identical. Unconsciously processed stimuli can serve as cues for allocating stimulus-driven attention to selective ... More


Beyond Sameness and Difference: Normative Unconscious Processes and Our Mutual Implication in Each Other’s Suffering

Lynne Layton

in Psychology and the Other

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199324804
eISBN:
9780190490317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199324804.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

The chapter introduces a model of identity formation that highlights the way identities are constructed in relation to dominant cultural ideals. This relational model stresses that, via processes of ... More


Early Childhood Is Where Many Adult Automatic Processes Are Born

John A. Bargh

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Traditionally, the development of automatic processes has been understood in terms of skill acquisition, processes that start out as conscious and intentional, and only after considerable experience ... More


Unmasking the pitfalls of the masking method in consciousness research

Talis Bachmann

in Behavioral Methods in Consciousness Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199688890
eISBN:
9780191801785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688890.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Visual masking is a method widely used in the studies of perception, attention, and consciousness. However, because of the large number of different variables and factors involved in the experimental ... More


The Predicament of Choice

Ralph Wedgwood

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics 12

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198805076
eISBN:
9780191843174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805076.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Normal agents in the actual world are limited: they cannot think about all the options that are available to them—or even about all options that are available to them according to their evidence. ... More


P. F. Strawson’s Datum

Michelle Montague

in The Given: Experience and its Content

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198748908
eISBN:
9780191811661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748908.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 4 offers a new consideration in favor of the awareness of awareness thesis developed in chapters 2 and 3. It examines a point made by P. F. Strawson: that in ordinary everyday perceptual ... More


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