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Martin Luther: Confessor of the Faith

Robert Kolb

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199208937
eISBN:
9780191695742
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208937.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, History of Christianity

Martin Luther's thought continues to challenge people throughout the world in the twenty-first century. His paradigmatic shift in defining God and what it means to be human left behind a foundation ... More


Systematicity and Political Salience

Alexander Kaufman

in Welfare in the Kantian State

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294672
eISBN:
9780191599637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294670.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Kant's account of systematicity, in the Critique of Judgment, provides the basis for judgements regarding the moral salience of objects in experience, thus satisfying this necessary condition for the ... More


Hume's Therapeutic Natural History of Philosophy Compared with Kant's Philosophical Therapy

Henry E. Allison

in Custom and Reason in Hume: A Kantian Reading of the First Book of the Treatise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532889
eISBN:
9780191714450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532889.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter deals with what is termed Hume's ‘natural history of philosophy’, as contained in the two brief sections on the ancient and the modern philosophies. It also contains a comparison of the ... More


Autonomy, Heteronomy, and Constructing the Categorical Imperative

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter deals with the principle of autonomy, which is at once the third formula of the categorical imperative (FA), a property of the will, and the supreme principle of morality in the sense of ... More


Introduction

Terry Pinkard

in Hegel's Naturalism: Mind, Nature, and the Final Ends of Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199860791
eISBN:
9780199932986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860791.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

What we seek in philosophy, as Kant said, is orientation. Just as we seek familiar landmarks in the darkness of a room to guide ourselves, we seek guidelines in the metaphorical darkness of pure ... More


For the Love of Metaphysics: Nihilism and the Conflict of Reason from Kant to Rosenzweig

Karin Nisenbaum

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190680640
eISBN:
9780190680671
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190680640.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In his Critique of Pure Reason, Kant argued that human reason is inherently conflicted, because it demands a form of unconditioned knowledge that transcends its capacity; his solution to this ... More


Transcendence par Excellence

Jean-Luc Marion

in Believing in Order to See: On the Rationality of Revelation and the Irrationality of Some Believers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780823275847
eISBN:
9780823277018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823275847.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter argues that while God is defined in manifold ways, only love is an appropriate name for the divine because it alone does not reduce God’s transcendence. God transcends us as best lover. ... More


Potentially Global Interactions Are Resolved Locally

David Embick

in Localism versus Globalism in Morphology and Phonology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014229
eISBN:
9780262289344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014229.003.0158
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter examines the specific empirical predictions that globalism makes for allomorphic interactions, focusing on possible forms of evidence in favor of global computation of morphology and ... More


Unconditioned Subjectivity

Gabriela Basterra

in The Subject of Freedom: Kant, Levinas

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823265145
eISBN:
9780823266883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823265145.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter proposes a reading of Kant's third antinomy that pursues what Kant's explanation presupposes and accomplishes beyond what his explicit solution claims to achieve. The third antinomy ... More


Autonomy, or Being Inspired

Gabriela Basterra

in The Subject of Freedom: Kant, Levinas

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823265145
eISBN:
9780823266883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823265145.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter turns to Levinas's deeply Kantian critique of Kant in Otherwise than Being to explore subjectivity as a being affected by something in it that exceeds it. Unconditioned subjectivity ... More


Emotional Memory Processing: Synaptic Connectivity

Joseph E. LeDoux and Valérie Doyère

in The Memory Process: Neuroscientific and Humanistic Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014571
eISBN:
9780262289672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014571.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter examines what is currently known about the neural basis of fear memory, emphasizing implicit, unconscious emotional memory. It discusses how fear memories are acquired, consolidated, and ... More


Interpreting the Fichte-Studien

Dalia Nassar

in The Romantic Absolute: Being and Knowing in Early German Romantic Philosophy, 1795-1804

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226084060
eISBN:
9780226084237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226084237.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter focuses on Novalis’ so-called Fichte-Studien (1795-6), which Manfred Frank has described as the “most important contribution to philosophical romanticism.” It considers two competing ... More


Bird on Kant’s Mathematical Antinomies

A.W. Moore

in Language, World, and Limits: Essays in the Philosophy of Language and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198823643
eISBN:
9780191862250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823643.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This essay is concerned with Graham Bird’s treatment, in The Revolutionary Kant, of Kant’s mathematical antinomies. On Bird’s interpretation, our error in these antinomies is to think that we can ... More


Ring My Bell: Evaluative Conditioning

Patrik N. Juslin

in Musical Emotions Explained: Unlocking the Secrets of Musical Affect

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198753421
eISBN:
9780191842689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198753421.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter considers the psychological mechanism known as evaluative conditioning. Evaluative conditioning is defined as a process whereby an emotion is evoked by a piece of music just because this ... More


Kant’s Dialectic Argument and the Restriction of Knowledge

James Kreines

in Reason in the World: Hegel's Metaphysics and Its Philosophical Appeal

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780190204303
eISBN:
9780190204327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190204303.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, General

Kant’s Transcendental Dialectic provides a strong case for the restriction of our knowledge to the bounds of sensibility, and the consequent impossibility of metaphysics for us. This critique of ... More


On Reconciling the Transcendental Turn with Kant’s Idealism

Karl Ameriks

in The Transcendental Turn

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198724872
eISBN:
9780191792403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198724872.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The transcendental turn, when defined methodologically as a determination of the necessary structures of experience, can be distinguished from transcendental idealism when the latter is understood as ... More


The Soul and the World: The Master Argument in Kant’s “Paralogisms” and “Antinomy”

R. Lanier Anderson

in The Poverty of Conceptual Truth: Kant's Analytic/Synthetic Distinction and the Limits of Metaphysics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198724575
eISBN:
9780191792199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198724575.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explains the role of the master argument (described in Chapter 10) in Kant’s critiques of rational psychology (in the “Paralogisms”) and rational cosmology (in the “Antinomy”). In ... More


The Third Antinomy and Spinoza

Omri Boehm

in Kant’s Critique of Spinoza

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199354801
eISBN:
9780199354825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354801.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

It is argued that the Antithesis of the third Antinomy, drawing on an argument from the Principle of Sufficient Reason in excluding freedom, represents Spinozist metaphysics (not Leibnizian, as ... More


Subjects of Kant’s First Paralogism

Tobias Rosefeldt

in Kant and the Philosophy of Mind: Perception, Reason, and the Self

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198724957
eISBN:
9780191792434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724957.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

According to the standard interpretation of the First Paralogism, its fallacy is based on a confusion between two meanings of the term ‘subject’, namely that of ‘thinking subject’ and that of ... More


The Unconditioned in Human Knowledge: A Theoretical Puzzle or a Practical Demand?

Karin Nisenbaum

in For the Love of Metaphysics: Nihilism and the Conflict of Reason from Kant to Rosenzweig

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190680640
eISBN:
9780190680671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190680640.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explains the Fichtean view that the act of self-positing is the ground of all constraint or necessitation, both in the theoretical and practical domains. The chapter also shows that ... More


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