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German Resistance against Hitler: The Search for Allies Abroad 1938–1945

Klemens von Klemperer

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205517
eISBN:
9780191676659
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205517.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

This study uncovers the beliefs and activities of numerous individuals who fought against Nazism within Germany, and traces their many efforts to forge alliances with Hitler’s opponents outside the ... More


Worse Than Murder: Ulysses S. Grant, Nathan Bedford Forrest, and Unconditional Surrender

David Silkenat

in Raising the White Flag: How Surrender Defined the American Civil War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469649726
eISBN:
9781469649740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649726.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter compares how Ulysses S. Grant and Nathan Bedford Forrest used surrender. While Forrest demanded surrender and threatened a massacre if refused, Grant saw surrender as an opportunity to ... More


“Popular Opinion Can Offer No Useful Contribution”

Marc Gallicchio

in Unconditional: The Japanese Surrender in World War II

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190091101
eISBN:
9780197525852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190091101.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter begins a month after the previous chapter, on July, 6, 1945, as President Truman, Admiral Leahy, and Secretary of State James Byrnes departed Washington by train, and then by cruiser USS ... More


Introduction: Surrender in World War II

Gerhard L. Weinberg

in How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693627
eISBN:
9780191741258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.003.0032
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Both sides in World War II expected the other to accept unconditional surrender. If Hitler had been overthrown by internal opposition there might have been a compromise peace. France and Finland were ... More


Introduction: “A Reasonable Assurance of Future World Peace”

Marc Gallicchio

in Unconditional: The Japanese Surrender in World War II

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190091101
eISBN:
9780197525852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190091101.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The Introduction gives a brief outline of the history behind the events that led to the unconditional surrender by the Japanese as World War II came to a close in 1945. In the final months of the ... More


Explanations for Limited and Unlimited Wars

Alex Weisiger

in Logics of War: Explanations for Limited and Unlimited Conflicts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451867
eISBN:
9780801468179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451867.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter presents theoretical arguments about the determinants of war duration and severity. It begins with a summary of the bargaining model of war. It then moves on to explain both unlimited ... More


“They Will Yield”

Marc Gallicchio

in Unconditional: The Japanese Surrender in World War II

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190091101
eISBN:
9780197525852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190091101.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter begins its narration of events toward the end of July, as it attempts to explain the context in which President Truman was considering the implications of America’s entry into the atomic ... More


The Flight of Negrín and the End of the Third Republic

Burnett Bolloten

in The Spanish Civil War: Revolution and Counterrevolution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624464
eISBN:
9781469624488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624464.003.0066
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This concluding chapter chronicles the final events leading up to Franco's victory over the Republic and the Revolution. Following the initial stages of Casado's coup, the PCE was in turmoil even as ... More


Ecumenical Dialogue or ‘The War Behind the War’

Klemens von Klemperer

in German Resistance against Hitler: The Search for Allies Abroad 1938–1945

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205517
eISBN:
9780191676659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205517.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

While the notions of ‘absolute silence’ and ‘unconditional surrender’ did not discourage the German plotters from carrying out their planned operations, these, along with the German Sixth Army’s ... More


Ending Wars

Cécile Fabre

in Cosmopolitan Peace

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198786245
eISBN:
9780191839092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198786245.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

One of the most often heard criticisms levelled at belligerents in policy circles and the press is that they should have ended the war earlier, or later, than they did. In contrast with other areas ... More


A Hard Peace? Allied Preparations for the Occupation of Germany, 1943–1945

Jessica Reinisch

in The Perils of Peace: The Public Health Crisis in Occupied Germany

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199660797
eISBN:
9780191748295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660797.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter sets out the broad parameters of the Allies’ plans for public health work in defeated Germany. It shows that decisions and agreements reached in Washington and London in the early years ... More


Unconditional Surrender

Steven Casey

in The War Beat, Europe: The American Media at War Against Nazi Germany

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190660628
eISBN:
9780190660659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190660628.003.0021
Subject:
History, Military History, American History: 20th Century

When Eisenhower told reporters in April 1945 that capturing Berlin was not his objective, he received surprisingly few complaints. Most of the war correspondents saw the juncture of the Allied troops ... More


Alberico Gentili’s ius post bellum and Early Modern Peace Treaties

Randall Lesaffer

in The Roman Foundations of the Law of Nations: Alberico Gentili and the Justice of Empire

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599875
eISBN:
9780191595813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599875.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter focuses on the ius post bellum, the body of law aimed at restoring, managing, and maintaining peace. Gentili was the first to elevate the ius post bellum to a central role in the ... More


The German Reich's Military-Political Situation: Development of the General Conditions up to the Summer of 1944

Joachim Ludewig

in Rückzug: The German Retreat from France, 1944

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813140797
eISBN:
9780813141305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813140797.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

Chapter 1 describes how the end of 1942 and the start of 1943 brought the final turning point in the war with the landings of the Allies in French northwest Africa, the British offensive against ... More


The Mailed Fist of Progressive Counterinsurgency: Pershing’s Lake Lanao Campaigns, 1902–1903

Ronald K. Edgerton

in American Datu: John J. Pershing and Counterinsurgency Warfare in the Muslim Philippines, 1899-1913

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780813178936
eISBN:
9780813178943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813178936.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History

In late 1902 and early 1903, Capt. Pershing implemented very deliberate, methodical, and unspectacular counterinsurgency tactics in neutralizing Maranao Moro insurgency in Lanao—nothing flashy or ... More


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