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The Dawn of Scientific Sunlight

in American Sunshine: Diseases of Darkness and the Quest for Natural Light

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226262819
eISBN:
9780226262833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226262833.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter addresses the new knowledge of sunlight. Two main discoveries—rickets and the significance of ultraviolet light—changed discussions about sunlight's uses. The new knowledge of sunlight ... More


Epilogue Sunlight into the Twenty-First Century

in American Sunshine: Diseases of Darkness and the Quest for Natural Light

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226262819
eISBN:
9780226262833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226262833.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Sunshine requirements took a new sense of urgency by the 1920s, and expert scientists and doctors asserted a role in light therapy. By 1930, the tan was in, and not just as a result of changing ... More


Early Years as a Natural Philosopher: 1800–1802

Melvyn C. Usselman

in Pure Intelligence: The Life of William Hyde Wollaston

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226245737
eISBN:
9780226245874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226245874.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes W. H. Wollaston’s introduction to the Royal Society and its dining club, together with his association with Humphry Davy and Thomas Young. Wollaston’s intellectual emphasis on ... More


Growth and optical properties of aluminum-rich AlGaN heterostructures

Hideto Miyake

in III-Nitride Semiconductors and their Modern Devices

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199681723
eISBN:
9780191761676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681723.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

We review the challenges encountered when growing aluminum-rich nitride epilayers and devices by using MOVPE, MBE, and hydride vapour phase epitaxy (HVPE). Various issues related to both n- and ... More


Suggestions for Collecting and Observing Moths

Jerry A. Powell and Paul A. Opler

in Moths of Western North America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251977
eISBN:
9780520943773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251977.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter provides an overview of collecting moths and outlines the materials and methods for moth collection. It describes the use of different lights to attract moths: mercury-vapor lights and ... More


Killing Vampires Efficiently with Ultraviolet Light

Stephen R. Wilk

in Sandbows and Black Lights: Reflections on Optics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197518571
eISBN:
9780197518595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197518571.003.0032
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The modern mythology of the vampire isn’t ancient folklore but modern “fakelore” that has developed over the past two centuries. But it has grown in an organic way, not by considered construction, ... More


Fluorescent Paint before Day-Glo

Stephen R. Wilk

in Sandbows and Black Lights: Reflections on Optics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197518571
eISBN:
9780197518595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197518571.003.0037
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The principles of fluorescence were discovered and worked out by the middle of the nineteenth century. Yet the discovery of fluorescent paint—at least according to internet sites and some books —did ... More


The Best Disinfectant

Stephen R. Wilk

in Sandbows and Black Lights: Reflections on Optics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197518571
eISBN:
9780197518595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197518571.003.0027
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

People have known of the effectiveness of sunlight in helping people recover from illness, and early work on bacteria showed that sunlight could indeed kill micro-organisms. The efficacy of sunlight ... More


Primary Prevention of Cancer

Michael J. Thun, Martha S. Linet, James R. Cerhan, Christopher Haiman, and David Schottenfeld

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0062
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Primary prevention has enormous potential to reduce the human, social, and economic costs of cancer worldwide. The following sections discuss the development and application of preventive ... More


Sandbows and Black Lights: Reflections on Optics

Stephen R. Wilk

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197518571
eISBN:
9780197518595
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197518571.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This volume is a collection of essays on unusual topics in optics, with a humorous bent and references to pop culture. We examine why flames are yellow, why Newton said there were seven colors ... More


| 1799–1801 | 1799–1801 Galvanism

Dan C. Christensen

in Hans Christian Ørsted: Reading Nature's Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199669264
eISBN:
9780191748745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669264.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

News of the Galvani-Volta controversy reach Copenhagen, and Ørsted seeks information on Ritter's experiments to solve it as supervisor for Humboldt at Jena, on Napoleon's reception of Volta in Paris, ... More


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