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Two Truths: Two Models

Graham Priest

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Madhyamaka-influenced schools of Buddhism are committed to the view that there are two realities (the doctrine of “two truths”). This chapter provides two ways in which the idea may be (and has been) ... More


Experiencing Falsity

Srinivasa Rao

in Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Traditional Advaita holds that we experience false entities as is evident from rope-snake illusion. This chapter argues this thesis to be wrong on the ground that since the false snake is merely an ... More


The ultimate reality

Philip Clayton and Steven Knapp

in The Predicament of Belief: Science, Philosophy, and Faith

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199695270
eISBN:
9780191731945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695270.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

Like most religions, Christianity begins with claims about ultimate reality. Although many have tried to invalidate all questions of ultimacy, it turns out to be difficult to dismiss such questions ... More


Logical Possibilities

Srinivasa Rao

in Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The very idea of non-duality stands seriously violated in the post-Śānkarite orthodoxy and to correct this severe aberration, an entirely new framework is introduced in this chapter. Based on ... More


Tibetan Buddhism and Mystical Experience

Yaroslav Komarovski

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190244958
eISBN:
9780190245009
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190244958.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism, World Religions

This book connects the Tibetan Buddhist polemics over realization of ultimate reality with contemporary debates regarding mystical experience. It argues that realization of ultimate reality as ... More


Agential-Being Models of Ultimate Reality

Wesley J. Wildman

in In Our Own Image: Anthropomorphism, Apophaticism, and Ultimacy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198815990
eISBN:
9780191853524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815990.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Agential-being models of ultimate reality affirm that ultimate reality is an aware, agential being. The Central Result of the scientific study of religion—that human beings will spontaneously create ... More


Ultimacy

Wesley J. Wildman

in In Our Own Image: Anthropomorphism, Apophaticism, and Ultimacy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198815990
eISBN:
9780191853524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815990.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter introduces the study as a work of philosophical theology that adopts the morality of inquiry prevalent within the modern research university. This requires seeking knowledge without ... More


Contesting the Ultimate Experience

Yaroslav Komarovski

in Tibetan Buddhism and Mystical Experience

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190244958
eISBN:
9780190245009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190244958.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism, World Religions

Focusing on Tibetan sectarian polemics, this chapter outlines two positions that seem to be advocating contradictory forms of mediation preceding the direct realization of ultimate reality as well as ... More


Devī

Arvind Sharma

in Classical Hindu Thought: An Introduction

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195658712
eISBN:
9780199082018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658712.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter discusses the concept of Devī. Once the ultimate reality is visualized in personal rather than impersonal terms, then this ‘persona’ could be either male or female. The ultimate reality, ... More


Ground-of-Being Models of Ultimate Reality

Wesley J. Wildman

in In Our Own Image: Anthropomorphism, Apophaticism, and Ultimacy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198815990
eISBN:
9780191853524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815990.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Ground-of-being models regard ultimate reality as holy or sacred (unlike subordinate-deity models) and reject the idea that ultimate reality is an aware, agential being (unlike agential-being ... More


The Path Dimension

Yaroslav Komarovski

in Tibetan Buddhism and Mystical Experience

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190244958
eISBN:
9780190245009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190244958.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism, World Religions

This chapter addresses several Buddhist path models. It explains the interdependent nature of different types of path-related training and conditioning and the experiences and realizations they aim ... More


The spectrum of belief and the question of the church

Philip Clayton and Steven Knapp

in The Predicament of Belief: Science, Philosophy, and Faith

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199695270
eISBN:
9780191731945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695270.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

The foregoing chapters present a comprehensive case for what the authors call “Christian minimalism,” a position that affirms certain core claims of Christian theism (sometimes in a revised form) but ... More


Theory of Religion in a Pragmatic Philosophical Theology

Robert Cummings Neville

in The Varieties of Transcendence

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823267576
eISBN:
9780823272389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267576.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter proposes a theory of religion based on a pragmatic philosophical theology. It begins by proposing a definition of religion intended as a hypothesis for organizing the inquiry. The ... More


Subordinate-Deity Models of Ultimate Reality

Wesley J. Wildman

in In Our Own Image: Anthropomorphism, Apophaticism, and Ultimacy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198815990
eISBN:
9780191853524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815990.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Subordinate-deity models of ultimate reality affirm that God is Highest Being within an ultimate reality that is neither conceptually tractable nor religiously relevant. Subordinate-deity models ... More


Sadasadvilakṣaṇa and Asat

Srinivasa Rao

in Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Another foundational idea of traditional Advaita is the sadasadvilaksana or “what is different from the real and the unreal”, a peculiar ontological status attributed to the empirical world. Since ... More


Concluding epilogue

Stig Stenholm

in The Quest for Reality: Bohr and Wittgenstein - two complementary views

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603589
eISBN:
9780191729270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603589.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This section summarizes the arguments and comments on the opinions presented. This chapter is aiming at exhibiting an impression of the worlds of reality as seen from a position of modern science. ... More


Anthropomorphism and Apophaticism

Wesley J. Wildman

in In Our Own Image: Anthropomorphism, Apophaticism, and Ultimacy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198815990
eISBN:
9780191853524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815990.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

To appreciate the risks and benefits of anthropomorphism, it is important (1) to appreciate the genius and limitations of human cognition, (2) to compare ultimacy models to see what difference ... More


The Mind Dimension

Yaroslav Komarovski

in Tibetan Buddhism and Mystical Experience

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190244958
eISBN:
9780190245009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190244958.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism, World Religions

This chapter provides a general sketch of mind models used by Tibetan Buddhist thinkers, outlining diverse perspectives on the structure of mind and mental processes. In particular, it explores the ... More


Metaphysics and reality

Stig Stenholm

in The Quest for Reality: Bohr and Wittgenstein - two complementary views

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603589
eISBN:
9780191729270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603589.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Here this chapter discusses the implications deriving from the epistemology that has served science so well. Our technical mastery of the empirical world still does not uniquely determine either the ... More


The Mystical Panorama

Yaroslav Komarovski

in Tibetan Buddhism and Mystical Experience

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190244958
eISBN:
9780190245009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190244958.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism, World Religions

This chapter addresses mystical experience, appraising the contemporary debate between “constructivists” and “essentialists” over the issue of unmediated mystical experience and discussing benefits ... More


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